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Claudie Iikela . REPORTING ON CLIMATE CHANGE Challenges for African Public Service Broadcasters September 2009. Climate Change in Africa . Situation analysis Climate change is one of the main threats to sustainable development It impacts on economy, health, food security

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Claudie iikela

Claudie Iikela

REPORTING ON CLIMATE CHANGE

Challenges for African Public Service Broadcasters

September 2009


Climate change in africa

Climate Change in Africa

Situation analysis

  • Climate change is one of the main threats to sustainable development

  • It impacts on economy, health, food security

  • In some African countries it has resulted in tribal conflicts and even civil wars

  • Rising sea levels, droughts and floods have become synonymous with Africa

  • No formal reliable systems are in place to help educate our citizens to adopt to the changing environment


Climate change in africa1

Climate Change in Africa

Role of PSB

  • To educate the public on the impact their actions have on the environment

  • To inform on sustainable use of natural recourses

  • To give them the necessary information that can help them adapt to the changed environment.

  • To interpret pre warning climate data in a language they understand to be better prepared.


The namibian case study

THE NAMIBIAN CASE STUDY

  • Geographical location

    • A vast sparsely populated country

    • 825 thousand km2

    • The oldest desert in the world , the Namib stretches along the whole western coast.

    • The Kalahari desert runs along the south eastern border with Botswana


The namibian case study1

THE NAMIBIAN CASE STUDY

  • Weather pattern

    • Very hot , and for the most part very dry

    • Rain falls during the summer months ( Nov to Feb)

    • Insignificant winter showers may result in occasional snowfall in the south.

    • In general the rain falls are extremely unreliable

    • Desertification is the biggest environmental threat


The namibian case study2

THE NAMIBIAN CASE STUDY

Rainfall Variability


Claudie iikela

THE NAMIBIAN CASE STUDY

  • Temperatures & rainfall average


The namibian case study3

THE NAMIBIAN CASE STUDY

  • Population

    • 2 million ( 2004 census)

    • Namibia still a rural society

    • Only 33% of the population live in urban areas

    • Total adult literacy rate is 88%


Climate change reporting

Climate Change reporting

  • The NBC

    • A single television channel mainly broadcasting in English

    • Radio has ten stations broadcasting in 10 main local languages. ( Namibia has more than 100 languages/dialects )

    • TV has 2 indigenous bulletins every day.

    • Our weather report is prepared by the met office.


Climate change reporting1

Climate Change reporting

  • Challenges

    • No readily available data and weather information

    • No specialized weather and environmental reporters to interpret climate data

    • Diversified audience

    • English terms v/s indigenous ones

    • Even recourse persons are hard to find.

    • Ignorance and negative attitude towards climate change. ( a foreign /European problem)

    • Poverty : people worry more about where to get their next meal.


Climate change reporting2

Climate Change reporting

Challenges cont…

  • The ability of reporters to break down climate change information to the level of a lay man.

  • Our reports are more on facts and fail to highlight the causes and prevention of the problem

  • Limited network coverage : not able to reach all

  • Lack of basic facilities in rural areas to receive our signal


Climate change reporting3

Climate Change reporting

  • Way forward

    • Training of reporters to interpret weather data into simple language, useful to the viewer.

    • Have access to important information for early warning system

    • Improve on regional integrated information systems

    • Introduce regular programs on climate change

    • Awareness campaigns through radio and television

    • Improve on weather reporting


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