Africa in the global world
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Africa in the Global World. Natural Resources. Africa rich in natural resources Oil, natural gas, gold, diamonds, platinum, chromium, timber Industries employ roughly 2 million people (total population: 922 million). Oil. Oil may be key to Africa’s economic future Top Producing Countries:

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Africa in the Global World

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Africa in the global world

Africa in the Global World


Natural resources

Natural Resources

  • Africa rich in natural resources

    • Oil, natural gas, gold, diamonds, platinum, chromium, timber

  • Industries employ roughly 2 million people (total population: 922 million)


Africa in the global world

Oil

  • Oil may be key to Africa’s economic future

  • Top Producing Countries:

    • Nigeria

    • Algeria

    • Angola

    • Libya

    • Sudan


Diamonds gold other minerals

Diamonds, Gold, & Other Minerals

  • 50% of world’s diamonds come from Africa

  • 50% of world’s gold mined in South Africa

  • Major source of wealth


Blood diamonds

Blood Diamonds


Problems

Problems

  • Little money reaches average citizen

  • Government or few individuals gain wealth

  • Has led to countless wars/conflicts

  • Very little industry on continent, resources shipped to other areas


Cash crops

Cash Crops

  • 60% of people in Africa are farmers

  • Most are subsistence farmers

  • Cash crops are focused on

  • Coffee, cocoa, rubber, cotton


Famine starvation

Famine/Starvation


Nonexistent industry

Nonexistent Industry

  • Least industrialized continent

  • When building factories, most international companies look for:

    • Political stability

    • Well educated population

    • Good Infrastructure

    • Stable source of electricity

  • These factors are extremely rare in African countries

  • Massive potential workforce


Health problems in africa

Health Problems in Africa

  • Disease is major hindrance to economic development

  • Medication prices add burden to already poor areas

  • HIV/AIDS

    • 22.9 million people living with HIV/AIDS (2/3 of world total)

  • Tuberculosis, Malaria


Hiv aids in africa

HIV/AIDS in Africa


Other problems in africa

Other Problems in Africa

  • Famine

  • Desertification

  • Corrupt governments

  • Constant conflict/war


African union au

African Union (AU)

  • Established in 2002

    • 54 members, work to improve political, economic conditions


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