Manifest destiny
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Manifest Destiny. Idea: Americans are destined to expand across the entire continent to the Pacific Ocean. Consider the impact on Native Americans What impact might this expansionist idea have later on in American history? (imperialism and expansion)

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Manifest Destiny

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Manifest destiny

Manifest Destiny

  • Idea:

    • Americans are destined to expand across the entire continent to the Pacific Ocean.

      • Consider the impact on Native Americans

      • What impact might this expansionist idea have later on in American history? (imperialism and expansion)

    • Used to justify the Mexican-American War under President

  • Themes:

    • The virtue of the American people and their institutions

    • The mission to spread these institutions and spread the American way of life

    • God has destined America to expand and spread their virtue to the entire continent


Mexican war 1846 1848

Mexican War, 1846-1848

  • Causes:

    • Americans (especially Democrats) wanted to expand and annex Texas

    • Whigs were opposed

    • Why would Southerners want to annex Texas?

  • Long-term consequences:

    • American expansionism becomes the norm

    • Mexican cession and Gadsden Purchase


Mexican cession

Mexican Cession


Compromise of 1850

Compromise of 1850

  • Tried to settle disputes caused by the Mexican War:

    • California is a free state

    • Fugitive Slave Law is enacted

    • Slave trade is abolished in Washington DC

    • Texas gave up western lands that it claimed in exchange for money to pay off debt

    • Territories of Utah and Arizona will be admitted to the Union under popular sovereignty


Compromise of 18501

Compromise of 1850


Second two party system breaks up

Second Two-Party system breaks up 

Whigs fall

Democrats split

Republicans gain power


More sectionalism

More sectionalism

  • With the Compromise of 1850, the North had an advantage in the Senate.

    • Southerners would love to expand into Cuba (controlled by Spain)

    • Cuba could become a slave territory (plan to take over unveiled in the Ostend Manifesto under President Pierce)


Kansas nebraska act

Kansas-Nebraska Act

  • Kansas and Nebraska become two new states

    • Popular Sovereignty

  • Missouri Compromise of 1820 is repealed

  • Republican Party is formed


Bleeding kansas

Bleeding Kansas

  • Approximately 1854-1858

  • Pro-slavery and Anti-slavery forces are moving into Kansas.

    • Why would these people move to Kansas?


Bleeding kansas tragic prelude

Bleeding Kansas – Tragic Prelude


Caning of charles sumner by preston brooks

Caning of Charles Sumner by Preston Brooks


Lincoln douglas debates

Lincoln-Douglas Debates

  • Series of debates between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas in 1858.

    • Was Lincoln an abolitionist?


Election of 1860

Election of 1860

Clearly sectional voting

Democrat vote is split

Deep South is determined to secede


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