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Federal Reserve. Monetary Policy- The Fed’s power over interest rates and amount of $ in reserve Fiscal Policy- The Government power over taxes and spending. Contractionary Policy (Tight $$) – during inflation 1. Increase interest rates

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

Monetary Policy-

  • The Fed’s power over interest rates and amount of $ in reserve
  • Fiscal Policy-
  • The Government power over taxes and spending
slide3

Contractionary Policy (Tight $$) – during inflation

  • 1. Increase interest rates
  • 2. Increase reserve requirement ($$ banks must have in reserve)
  • 3. Increase taxes
  • 4. Decrease government spending
slide4

Expansionary Policy (Easy or Loose $$) – during recession/depression

  • 1. decrease interest rate (easy to buy)
  • 2. decrease taxes
  • 3. decrease reserve requirements (banks have more $$ to loan)
  • 4. increase government spending
slide5

Progressive Tax-

  • The higher one’s income the higher the percentage of tax (ex. Income tax)
  • Regressive Tax-
  • Tax imposed at a flat rate (ex. Sales tax)
  • Excise – tax on manufacture, sale, and consumption of goods; often called “hidden tax” (ex. Tax on fuel, alcohol, tobacco
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