Child protection Around the World Similarities and Differences Advances and Challenges 25th Annual San Diego International Conference on Child and Family Maltreatment January 2011. Howard Dubowitz, MD, MS
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Child protection Around the World Similarities and Differences Advances and Challenges25th Annual San Diego International Conference on Child and Family MaltreatmentJanuary 2011
Howard Dubowitz, MD, MS
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Nova Science Publishers
Finkelhor et al, 2010
Straus & Savage, Child Maltreatment, 2005; 10:124
Defining Child Abuse and Neglect
Sexual Abuse Definitions
Exposure to Intimate Partner (or Domestic) Violence
Societal Neglect or Abuseor Structural Violence
Still, laws are essential for developing strategies and systems to protect children
eg, “Building a Europe for and with children”
eg, First Nations people in N. Canada
Child welfare embedded within a larger social services agency- ideal?
Responding to Child
Alternative Response Systems
Kohl et al.
Time to leave substantiation behind: findings from a national probability study.
Child Maltreatment. 2009;14(1):17-26.
eg, USA: limited mental health services
eg, Philippines: 22% report regularly experiencing “moderate to severe hunger”
Needed ?An international effort to establish core principles, policies and practice for child welfare
Adaptation to meet local circumstances will naturally be necessary
How should we consider the role of different cultural values in considering neglect?
to advance our field and the wellbeing of children
There is hope
UN Convention on the Rights of the Child
Much remains to be learned about the effectiveness of different approachesAnd, this may vary across countries and cultures
eg, home visiting programs
eg, evaluation of children in kinship care
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