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Deterring and detecting plagiarism workshop. Judy Cohen, UELT. Defining plagiarism. University definition: Plagiarism: reproducing in any work submitted for assessment or review any material derived from work authored by another without clearly acknowledging the source. Academic Discipline.

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defining plagiarism
Defining plagiarism

University definition:

Plagiarism: reproducing in any work submitted for assessment or review

  • any material derived from work authored by another without clearly acknowledging the source
academic discipline
Academic Discipline

‘Students are required to act with honesty and integrity’ regarding academic progress

  • Duplication of material (auto plagiarism)
  • Cheating in examinations
  • Attempting to influence an examiner or teacher improperly
  • Conspiring with others to reproduce the work of others without proper acknowledgement (copying/sharing)
  • Falsification of data/evidence
defining plagiarism annex 10
Defining plagiarism: Annex 10

‘The identification of plagiarism is an academic judgement, based on a comparison across the student\'s work in general, and/or on knowledge of the sources, of practice in the discipline and of expectations for professional conduct.’

Plagiarism may be established even if source not identified

defining plagiarism annex 101
Defining plagiarism: Annex 10
  • ‘Strict liability’: intention not relevant when establishing a case of plagiarism
  • Poor academic practice considered in penalties
  • Onus on student to use the material supplied by the University
    • Lack of understanding is not a defence
major or minor
Major or minor?
  • First offence: may issue formal warning only to Stage 1 u/g
  • First offence: warning and minor penalty
    • Poor practice
    • No intent to deceive
major or minor1
Major or minor?
  • Existing formal warning
  • Number of offences- previous or contemporaneous
  • Contribution of assignment to module mark
  • Proportion of plagiarised work within the assignment
  • Evidence of intent to deceive
slide8

Taken from Jude Carroll workshop 16/1/2013 University of Kent ‘Plagiarism Forum’

Cheating,

intention to deceive

Student knows,

makes a mistake

misconduct

Student does not

know the rules;

student breaks the rules

misuse

misunderstanding

assessment design
Assessment design
  • Consider why students might plagiarise
    • Last minute rush
    • Can’t keep up
    • Who cares anyway?
    • Pressure to succeed
    • I can’t do it on my own!
    • I only need to pass (not learn)
    • ??
    • See JISC report ‘Plagiarism detection and prevention’
strategies to deter plagiarism
Strategies to deter plagiarism
  • Making an answer
    • not finding an answer
  • Focus on process (rather than product):
    • valuing it; making it visible
  • Authentication Checking
    • ‘Who did this work?’

Strategy Game from Jude Carroll’s Plagiarism Forum 16 Jan 2013

deterring plagiarism
Deterring plagiarism
  • Include opportunities for practice
  • Analytical or comparative writing tasks
  • Specific and current topics
  • Include information gathering skills (process)
  • Use essay banks as a teaching tool
  • Assess process in groupwork
  • Reflective writing
deterring plagiarism1
Deterring plagiarism
  • Assess reading/noting skills
  • Open book exams
  • Vivas/orals
  • Individualised assignments
  • Engaging assessment tasks (eg Wiki exercise)
  • Peer assessment/audience
  • Include artefacts/drafts/plans
  • Time planning…
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