Short Range Marksmanship Overview
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Short Range Marksmanship Overview A Company, 2d Bn, 29 th Infantry Regiment. I Introduction/Safety Briefing (15 min).

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Short Range Marksmanship Overview A Company, 2d Bn, 29 th Infantry Regiment

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Short range marksmanship overview a company 2d bn 29th infantry regiment

Short Range Marksmanship Overview

A Company, 2d Bn, 29th Infantry Regiment


I introduction safety briefing 15 min

I Introduction/Safety Briefing (15 min)

A. Introduction B. Safety BriefingC. Range Layout D. Transition Into Short Range Marksmanship, (SRM)It’s proven in today’s military that we are likely to find ourselves in and urban environment during combat. Where enemy engagements are short and quick, and most of them are within 50 meters. We will use SRM in more than room clearing and you will also be able to utilize SRM in the streets and alley ways.


Ii fundamentals

A. Carrying Positions1. High Ready 2. Low Ready

II Fundamentals

High Ready Carrying Position Low Ready Carrying Position

Stacked on wall outside the building In side the building


Short range marksmanship overview a company 2d bn 29th infantry regiment

B. Aiming Points1. Lethal Zone2. Incapacitation Zone

Figure C-4. Incapacitation Zone Aim Points

Figure C-3. Lethal Zone

Aim Point


Short range marksmanship overview a company 2d bn 29th infantry regiment

  • C.Trigger Manipulation

  • 1. Controlled Pairs

  • - 2 rd’s fired in rapid succession, maintain sight picture

  • 2. Automatic Fire

  • - 3 rd burst, slightly faster but not as accurate as CP of a semiautomatic fire. You can use automatic fire when gaining or securing a foothold.

  • 3. Failure Drills

    • - make sure target is neutralized, fire CP into the lethal zone and 1 rd into the incapacitating zone.


Short range marksmanship overview a company 2d bn 29th infantry regiment

  • D. Firing Techniques

  • 1. Slow Aimed Fire -Properly aligned sight picture, squeezing off rounds. Use when good cover and concealment is available or when accuracy overrides speed. Single shot, most accurate, 25 meters and beyond

  • 2. Rapid Aimed Fire -Target is obscured by the front side post assembly. Used with Controlled Pairs, fairly accurate up to 15 meters

  • 3. Aimed Quick Kill -Experience soldiers may use this technique at greater ranges as they become more familiar with it. Soldier aims over rear sight, down the length of the carry handle and places ½ to ¾ inch of the front sight post on the target. Used with Controlled Pairs, accurate-quick, up to 12 meters

  • 4. Instinctive Fire -Relies on instinct, experience, and muscle memory. Firer concentrates on the target and points the weapon in the general direction of the target with index finger of non-firing hand pointed on line towards the target. Used with Controlled Pairs, least accurate, emergencies only

Front

Sight

Post

Front

Sight

only

Front

Sight

Rear

Sight


Short range marksmanship overview a company 2d bn 29th infantry regiment

E. Reflexive Firing Techniques

1. From the Halt

a. Front

b. Right Turn

c. Left Turn

d. Turn About

2. Walk, Stop and Shoot


Short range marksmanship overview a company 2d bn 29th infantry regiment

F. Target Discrimination

1. Targets -E-type silhouettes with bowling pin painted on targets with incapacitation zones and lethal zone of different colors, This is used to train soldiers to avoid shooting civilians and friendly personnel.

2. Range Layout (See slide 10)

3. Conduct of Training (See slides)

Torso Lethal Zone is 18"x8". Neck/Head Incapacitation Zone 4"x8" 


Short range marksmanship overview a company 2d bn 29th infantry regiment

Training Strategy

1. Range Layouts

2. Ammunition Requirements

Recommended semi-annual live fire Qualification, both reflexive firing and target discrimination. STRAC standards will include 100 rds (semi-annual)

5.56mm per Infantryman beginning in FY 2002 for SRM Qualification

3. MOUT Training Plan

4. Familiarization with FM 23-9


Short range marksmanship overview a company 2d bn 29th infantry regiment

Example

SRM Range Layout

5m

10m

15m

20m

25m


Short range marksmanship overview a company 2d bn 29th infantry regiment

Qualification Requirements


Short range marksmanship overview a company 2d bn 29th infantry regiment

TRAINING EVENT

BALL

(DODAC A080)

BLANK

(DODAC A059)

Reflexive Fire Familiarization Stationary

16 Day

16 Night*

16 Day Pro Mask*

16 Night Pro Mask*

48 Total

16 Day

16 Night*

16 Day Pro Mask*

16 Night Pro Mask*

48 Total

Reflexive Fire Familiarization Moving

24 Day

24 Night*

24 Day Pro Mask*

24 Night Pro Mask*

96 Total

24 Day

24 Night*

24 Day Pro Mask*

24 Night Pro Mask*

96 Total

Target Discrimination

16-20 Day

16-20 Night*

16-20 Day Pro Mask*

16-20 Night Pro Mask*

64-80 Total

16-20 Day

16-20 Night*

16-20 Day Pro Mask*

16-20 Night Pro Mask*

64-80 Total

SRM Practice Qualification

20 Day

20 Night*

20 Day Pro Mask*

20 Night Pro Mask*

80 Total

20 Day

20 Night*

20 Day Pro Mask*

20 Night Pro Mask*

80 Total

SRM Qualification Record Fire

20 Day

20 Night*

20 Day Pro Mask*

20 Night Pro Mask*

80 Total

20 Day

20 Night*

20 Day Pro Mask*

20 Night Pro Mask*

80 Total

Total Ammunition Requirement

320-336

320-336

Ammunition Requirements


Short range marksmanship overview a company 2d bn 29th infantry regiment

Draft Training Schedule

DAY 1: AM ‑ INTRODUCTION

‑ REFLEXIVE SHOOTING

PM ‑ REFLEXIVE SHOOTING

DAY 2: AM ‑ REFLEXIVE SHOOTING

PM‑ TARGET DISCRIMINATION

‑ NIGHT MARKSMANSHIP

DAY 3: AM ‑ MARKSMANSHIP EVALUATION

PM ‑ SHOTGUN FAMILIARIZATION

‑ NIGHT MARKSMANSHIP

DAY 4: AM ‑ DEMOLITIONS

PM ‑ DEMOLITIONS

DAY 5: AM ‑ DEMOLITIONS

PM ‑ DEMOLITIONS

DAY 6: AM ‑ DEMOLITIONS

PM ‑ RAPPELLING

‑ CLIMBING TECHNIQUES

DAY 7: AM ‑ MARKSMANSHIP (1 HOUR)

‑ CQC BASICS

PM ‑ CQC BASICS

‑ NIGHT MARKSMANSHIP

DAY 8: AM ‑ SINGLE ROOM

PM ‑ NIGHT MARKSMANSHIP

‑ SINGLE ROOM CLEARING(NIGHT)

DAY 9: AM‑ CQC SINGLE TEAM, CLEARING MULTIPLE ROOMS

PM ‑ CQC SINGLE TEAM, CLEARING MULTIPLE ROOMS (NIGHT)

DAY 10: AM ‑ CQC MULTI‑TEAM, CLEARING MULTIPLE ROOMS

PM ‑ CQC MULTI‑TEAM, CLEARING MULTIPLE ROOMS (NIGHT)

DAY 11: AM ‑ TEAM MISSION PLANNING AND REHEARSALS

PM ‑ TEAM MISSION EXECUTION


Iii blank fire practical exercise 1 hr

III Blank Fire Practical Exercise (1 hr)

A. Firing Techniques

B. Controlled Pairs

  • Reflexive Firing/Target

    Discrimination

    D. Practice Qualification


Iv live fire practical exercise 2 hrs

IV Live Fire Practical Exercise (2 hrs)

A. Practice Qualification

B. Record Qualification

C. Summary/ AAR


Short range marksmanship overview a company 2d bn 29th infantry regiment

SRM Terms

High Ready Position The butt of the weapon is held under the armpit, with the barrel pointed slightly up so that the top of the front sight post is just below the line of sight but still within the gunner’s peripheral vision. The non-firing hand grasps the hand guards toward the front sling swivel, the trigger finger is outside of the trigger well, and the thumb of the firing hand is on the selector lever. To engage a target from the high ready, the gunner pushes the weapon forward as if to bayonet the target and brings the butt stock firmly against the shoulder as it slides up the body. This technique is best suited for the lineup outside of a building, room, or bunker entrance. (Figure C-1).

Low Ready Position The butt of the weapon is placed firmly in the pocket of the shoulder with the barrel pointed down at a 45-degree angle. The non-firing hand grasps the hand guards toward the front sling swivel, the trigger finger is outside of the trigger well, and the thumb of the firing hand is on the selector lever. To engage a target from the low ready, the gunner brings the weapon up until the proper sight picture is achieved. This technique is best suited for movement inside of buildings. (Figure C-2).


Short range marksmanship overview a company 2d bn 29th infantry regiment

SRM Terms

Lethal Shot Placement The lethal zone of the target is center mass between the waist and the chest. Shots in this area maximize the hydrostatic shock of the round. (Figure C-3) Due to the nature of Short Range combat, soldiers must continue to engage targets until they go down.

 Incapacitating Shot Placement The only shot placement that guarantees immediate and total incapacitation is one roughly centered in the face, below the middle of the forehead and the upper lip, and from the eyes in. Shot to the side of the head should be centered between the crown of the skull and the middle of the ear opening, from the center of the cheekbones to the middle of the occipital lobe. (Figure C-4)

Trigger Manipulation Short Range combat engagements are usually quick, violent, and deadly. Due to the reduced reaction time, imperfect sight picture, and requirement to effectively place rounds into threat targets, soldiers must fire multiple rounds during each engagement to survive. Multiple shots may be fired either through the use of a controlled pair or automatic weapons fire.


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