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India and South Asia. Essential Questions: What impact have natural forces and environmental issues had on this region? How do cultural beliefs influence social customs, public policies, and decision-making?. Map - Stratelogica. Satellite . Physical features.

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India and south asia

India and South Asia

Essential Questions:

What impact have natural forces and environmental issues had on this region?

How do cultural beliefs influence social customs, public policies, and decision-making?




Physical features
Physical features

  • Himalaya Mts (with Mt. Everest)

  • Deccan Plateau

  • Indian Ocean

  • Indus River

  • Ganges River








Extra terms to know physical
Extra Terms to know (Physical)

  • Subcontinent

  • Cyclone

  • Alluvial Plain

  • Archipelago

  • Atoll


Extra terms
Extra Terms

  • Subcontinent: a landmass that is like a continent, only smaller such as South Asia…called the Indian Subcontinent


Extra terms1
Extra Terms

  • Alluvial Plain: rich farmland composed of clay, silt, sand, or gravel deposited by running water/flooded rivers


Archipelago
archipelago

  • A group/chain of islands


Atoll
Atoll

  • Low-lying tops of submerged volcanoes, surrounded by coral reefs and shallow lagoons


Monsoon
Monsoon

Answer the following questions using Chapter 26, Section 2

  • In the Summer Monsoon, is it dry or wet in India?

  • In the Summer Monsoon, what direction do the winds come from?

  • In the Winter Monsoon, is India wet or dry?

  • In the Winter Monsoon, what direction do the winds blow?

  • In what months does the Summer Monsoon occur? 

  • In what months does the Winter Monsoon occur?


Monsoon1
Monsoon

  • Summer

  • Winter


Culture and religion
Culture and Religion

  • Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Islam are the major religions of South Asia

  • Hinduism=India (http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/hinduism/ataglance/glance.shtml )

  • Islam=Pakistan and Bangladesh

  • Buddhism=Sri Lanka and Bhutan

  • Sikhism=Punjab area of India (http://www.sikhs.org/philos.htm )


Culture and religion1
Culture and Religion

  • Caste System: the Aryan system of social classes in India…one of the cornerstones of Hinduism

    • Each person is born into a caste (class of society)

    • Can only move into a different caste through reincarnation


Culture and religion2
Culture and Religion

  • Caste System


History timeline
History Timeline

  • 3000-1500 BC: Indus Valley Civilization

    • One of the first civilizations in the world

    • Famous City:Mohenjo-daro


History timeline1
History Timeline

  • 322-185 BC: Mauryan Empire (Buddhism)

  • 1700 AD: Height of Mughal Empire (Muslim)


History timeline2
History Timeline

  • 1857: British Control begins

    • Started as a trade area for “British East India Company”…lasted 90 years



History timeline3
History Timeline

  • 1920: MohandasGandhi starts campaign of Nonviolent resistance

    • Nonviolent resistance: protest without violent actions


History timeline4
History Timeline

  • 1947: Independence

    • With the leadership of Gandhi…India gains independence from Britain


History timeline5
History Timeline

  • Immediately following independence, there is a division between the Muslim and Hinduparts of India

    • Muslim portion becomes West Pakistan and East Pakistan (Now Bangladesh)

    • Hindu portion becomes India



History timeline7

1948: Kashmir conflict begins

Immediately after independence, India and Pakistan go to war over the region of Kashmir

History Timeline


Modern issues
Modern Issues

  • Population

    • India has the 2nd largest population in the world with about 1.2 billion (China has 1.3 Billion)

    • This puts a strain on India being able to provide basic necessities for families


Modern issues1
Modern Issues

  • Kashmir

    • Case study pages 600-601


Modern issues2
Modern Issues

  • Kashmir Questions

    • How many wars have been fought over Kashmir?

    • How many lives have been lost?

    • What event started the conflict?

    • Why are the two cultures in conflict?

    • What makes this situation so scary?


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