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Image Grammar. Using Grammatical Structures to Teach Writing. Based on the book Image Grammar by Harry Noden. The 5 Basic Brush Strokes. Participles Absolutes Appositives Action Verbs Adjectives Shifted Out of Order.

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image grammar

Image Grammar

Using Grammatical Structures to Teach Writing

Based on the book Image Grammar by Harry Noden

the 5 basic brush strokes
The 5 Basic Brush Strokes
  • Participles
  • Absolutes
  • Appositives
  • Action Verbs
  • Adjectives Shifted Out of Order

http://www1.istockphoto.com/file_thumbview_approve/2296341/2/istockphoto_2296341_artist_s_palette.jpg

participles
Participles
  • Definition:
    • “-ing” words or phrases tagged on the beginning or the end of a sentence
    • Example: “-ing” = present participle;

“-ed”= past participle

  • What they can do:
    • Add description to an otherwise bland sentence or string of sentences. Specifically, they give motion to a sentence.
participle makeover1
Participle “Makeover”

www.floridasportsman.com/.../cobia/9904-56.jpg

absolutes
Absolutes
  • Definition:
    • Simply put, they are nouns + an “-ing” participle.
  • What they can do:
    • Add description to a noun, a subject, or a phrase acting as a noun.
absolute makeover
Absolute “Makeover”

www.freesoloist.com/page14.html

appositives
Appositives
  • Definition:
    • A noun phrase that adds a second description, image, or idea to a previous noun.
    • Simply, it means that you ‘re-name’ a noun with a word or a phrase.
  • What they can do:
    • Add more description to the subject (person, place, thing, idea) of sentences.
appositive makeover
Appositive “Makeover”

www.aquafind.com/wholesalefish.php

www.aquafind.com/wholesalefish.php

action verbs
Action Verbs
  • Definition:
    • Avoid “passive” voice: It was raining. I had been reading. The cookies were taken. (Watch out for “be” verbs.)
    • Use a verb that does something!
  • What they can do:
    • Give a sentence ACTION and movement.
action verb makeover
Action Verb “Makeover”

http://thinkinginvain.blogspot.com/2007_08_01_archive.html

now you try it add an action verb think of another word for run to show more or less urgency
Now YOU Try ItAdd an ACTION VERB(think of another word for ‘run’ to show more OR less urgency).

I ran to catch the bus.

adjectives
Adjectives

Shifted Out

of Order

  • Definition:
    • Adjectives are descriptive words that help color and enhance pictures in reader’s minds.
  • What they can do:
    • Give a “safe” and “ordinary” sentence more sophistication.
adjectives makeover
Adjectives “Makeover”

Shifted Out

of Order

http://photo.kstaken.com/pictures/gymnast1.jpg

http://photo.kstaken.com/pictures/gymnast1.jpg

put it all together
Put It All Together

Look back over your practice sentences. Pick and choose parts (brush strokes) that you thought were particularly effective, and see what you can come up with for a final sentence.

Just like in art, the basic brush strokes are meant to be combined and to work together.

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