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Developing a Regional Express Lane Network. Hercules City Council Meeting April 28, 2009 Doug Kimsey MTC Planning Director. “Top 10” Common Questions:. What are Express Lanes? Why a Regional Express Lane Network? What legal authority exists to implement Express Lanes?

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Developing a Regional Express Lane Network

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Developing a Regional Express Lane Network

Hercules City Council Meeting

April 28, 2009

Doug Kimsey

MTC Planning Director


“Top 10” Common Questions:

  • What are Express Lanes?

  • Why a Regional Express Lane Network?

  • What legal authority exists to implement Express Lanes?

  • What will it cost and how much revenue will be generated?

  • How will toll revenues be spent and who decides?

  • Why not take a lane where HOV doesn’t exist?

  • What will be the impact on carpooling and buses currently operating in HOV lanes?

  • Are Express Lanes equitable?

  • What are some of the benefits of Express Lanes?

  • Where do we go from here?


What are Express Lanes?

  • High-Occupancy/ Toll Lanes; Express Lanes

  • HOV lanes with a twist

  • Carpools, buses free

  • Single drivers can choose to pay (congestion insurance)

  • Electronic tolls

  • Variable tolls to manage demand

I-25 Express Lanes Toll Schedule


Why a RegionalExpress Lane Network?

  • Proven corridor/system management tool

    • Makes best use of capacity

    • Encourages more carpooling and express bus

  • Sea change in transportation funding

    • Federal and state accounts going broke

    • National and international trend toward user fees

    • Regionally controlled revenue – traditional funding freed up

  • Introduces road pricing concept

  • Completes the regional HOV system – 30 years in the making – over 20 years faster than traditional public funding

  • Consolidates current/planned express lanes under one organization


Proven Corridor Management Tool

Fewer Delays Reported

(Minneapolis) 20%

Reduced crashes

(Minneapolis) 12%

Improved Travel Speeds

(Minneapolis) 5%

Increased Carpooling

(San Diego) 58%

Doubled Vehicle Throughput

(Orange County) 100%


European/Asian Model:Cordon/Area Pricing

London

Stockholm

Singapore


HOT Lanes Across the Country

  • Orange County (1995)

  • San Diego (1998)

  • Houston (1998)

  • Minneapolis (2005)

  • Denver (2006)

  • Seattle (2008)

  • San Diego extension (2008)

  • Miami (2008)

  • Houston expansion (2009)

  • Los Angeles (2010)

  • Bay Area I-680, I-580 (2010)

  • Bay Area Rte 85/US 101 (2012/2013)

  • Riverside (2015)


Bay Area Network

  • Limited and purposeful freeway widening

  • 800 miles total

  • 500 miles conversion (63%)

    • 400 existing

    • 100 fully funded

  • 300 miles new lanes (37%)

    • 60% are “gap closures”

    • 5% increase in freeway mileage

  • Why not take a lane?

    • Lane configurations inconsistent

    • Concept will be explored where feasible (SM 101)

    • Limited footprint

8


Phased Approach

  • Phase 1

    • Existing projects in development

  • Phase 2

    • Easier conversion projects

  • Extremely constrained areas developed last

    • I-80 inner East Bay

    • 680/24 interchange

I-580

I-680

South

US 101,

SR 85 & 237

9


What legal authority exists to implement Express Lanes?

  • Alameda and Santa Clara Counties currently have authority to develop and operate initial HOT lanes

  • AB 744 Torrico seeks to give BATA authority to develop and operate the Regional Express Lane Network

  • A regional steering committee comprised of CMAs, Caltrans, CHP and BATA would advise BATA board

  • Corridor-based regional network

  • BATA would serve as financier


What legal authority exists to implement Express Lanes? (cont.)

  • Corridor-based regional network

    • Corridor Working Groups will develop Corridor Improvement Plans (CIP) to recommend:

      • occupancy and tolling policies,

      • express lane phasing,

      • use of corridor net revenues.

  • BATA as financier

    • Develop investment grade cost and revenue forecasts for bonding purposes

    • Develop regional network phasing plan to guide network implementation


  • What will it cost and how much revenue will be generated?

    • RTP network revenues were based on planning level financial estimates

    • Costs assume Rapid Delivery model

    2009 through 2033, escalated


    How will toll revenues be spent, and who decides?

    • Debt service and financing costs for phased network development (BATA)

    • Operations and maintenance of the toll network (BATA)

    • Corridor investments - 95% of net revenues to the corridor where generated - (CWGs)

      • Transit

      • Corridor projects that reduce vehicle emissions and provide cost-effective public transit options


    Limited Access Models

    Weave Lanes:

    Minneapolis HOT (I-394, I-35)

    Seattle HOT (SR 167)

    LA HOV and HOT (I-210, I-10, I-110)

    Atlanta HOT (I-85)

    Transition Lanes:

    Bay Area (I-680 Sunol)

    Not likely feasible in some areas

    Two-Lanes:

    Alameda (I-580), Santa Clara Counties (SR 85, US 101) considering; not included in Transportation 2035

    - May have cost, feasibility and environmental considerations

    Continuous Access: future feasibility TBD


    Impact on Buses & Carpooling?

    • State and Federal law: HOT lanes must remain free flowing; tolls set accordingly

    • HOT network closes gaps to better serve buses and carpools, which are still free

    • Experience shows HOT lanes do not discourage carpools

    • Provides new revenue source for transit that can help support transit service such as express bus service


    Are Express Lanes Equitable?

    • High income travelers use HOT more & pay more

    • Lower income travelers use when travel time savings needed

    • Carpooling and bus remain as lower cost options

    • Net revenue can fund transit improvements

    • Seattle: Chevrolets and Fords more common than luxury makes by factor of 1,000

    HOT Lanes Used by All Income Levels

    (I-394 Corridor Minneapolis)

    Have you ever used the MnPass Lane?

    Source: NuSTATS (8/06)


    Desired Network Reduces Emissions Compared to HOV in 2030

    ROG

    NOx

    CO2

    PM10


    Where do we go from here?

    • Coalition building on AB 744

    • Continue design discussions

    • Develop phasing and implementation plan

    • Coordination with ongoing corridor management efforts (ICM and FPI)

    • Ongoing education and outreach


    For More Info:

    This Presentation:

    http://www.mtc.ca.gov/meetings/presentations/index.htm

    General Express Lane info:

    http://www.mtc.ca.gov/planning/hov/


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