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Rao Mohar Singh College of Education. LIFE SKILLS EDUCATION An Introduction. Presented by- Rajni Kotnala. Adolescent Friendly School Initiative. Today’s Youth Tomorrow's Wealth. What is ‘Life Skills’?. WHO (1997)

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Rao Mohar Singh College of Education

LIFE SKILLS EDUCATION AnIntroduction

Presented by-

Rajni Kotnala

Adolescent Friendly School Initiative



What is life skills
What is ‘Life Skills’?

  • WHO (1997)

    • “theabilitiesforadaptive and positive behavior that enablesindividualsto deal effectivelywith the demands and challenges of everyday life”

    • UNICEF (2001)

    • “life-skills based education is

      -behavior change or behavior development approach

      -designed to address a balance of three areas:

    • knowledge, attitude, and skills.


Why life skills education
Why Life-Skills Education?

  • Early identification of problems, early intervention and support at key moments in lives of young people is vital

  • Development needs & aspirations of the individuals

  • Development of psychosocial abilities

  • To enhance capabilities and enlarge choices

  • To build different dimensions of well-being, by building self-image & self-worth, which in turn help individuals to be less vulnerable to the variations within a given context


Education To Fight Poverty And Vulnerability

MONETARY POVERTY

POVERTY IN LIVING CONDITIONS

POVERTY IN POTENTIALITY

“Vulnerability” is the probability of having one’s situation worsen when facing a dramatic event.


World education forum 2000 dakar framework for action

“the human right to benefit from an education that will meet their(youth’s) basic learning needs in the best and fullest sense of the term, an education that includes learning to know, to do, to live together and to be”

World Education Forum, 2000Dakar Framework For Action

Life Skills Approach strengthens the ability of an individual to evolve, developing self-confidence and power to act, without being restricted to a single hands on skill


What are the life skills

Problem-Solving

Decision Making

Critical Thinking

Creative Thinking

Communication Skills

Self-Awareness

Stress Management

Empathy

Interpersonal Relationship

What are the “Life Skills” ?


The four pillars of education
The Four Pillars of Education

Learning to Know: Developing Reasoning

It relates to cognitive life skills such as critical thinking, problem solving and decision making skills. It thus refers to both the acquisition of knowledge as well as the use of knowledge.

Learning to Be: Enhancing Agency

It relates to self-management life skills related to self awareness, self esteem & self confidence, and coping skills

Learning to Live Together: Building Potential Through Social Capital

It relates to communication skills, Negotiation skills, Refusal skills, Assertiveness skills, Interpersonal skills, Co-operation skills & Empathy skills

Learning to Do: Functioning and Capabilities

It refers to central human functional capabilities of “Life”, “Bodily Health”, “Bodily Integrity” and “Control over one’s Environment”


Significance of learning life skills

To be able to explore alternatives

Weigh pros and cons

Make rational decisions

Communicate effectively

To say “No”

Be assertive

Significance of learning Life Skills


How life skills lead to primary prevention of health problems
How ‘Life Skills’ lead to primary prevention of health problems?

  • Knowledge

  • Attitudes

  • Values

  • Life Skills

  • Behavior reinforcement or change

  • Positive Health Behavior

  • Prevention of Health Problems


Problem solving skill
PROBLEM-SOLVING SKILL problems?

  • Allows to solve an issue, problem or conflict

    without anger, intimidation, insubordination,

    aggressive force or behavior

  • Devising a plan in order to solve a problem

  • Examining a related problem

  • Adjustment to a situation

  • PROBLEMS if left unresolved  MENTAL &

    PHYSICAL STRESS


What is decision making

Abilities to assess available options problems?

Relating current situation to past similar situation

To foresee the consequences of different decisions (actions/non-actions)

No decision is also a decision

What is Decision Making ?


Responsible decision making

Making decision after examining the choices & consequences problems?in view of one’s values and goals is Responsible Decision Making

Responsible Decision Making


Steps for responsible decision making

Identify/Define the problem problems?

Consider the consequences or outcomes

Consider family and personal values

Choose one alternative

Implement the decision

Steps for Responsible Decision Making


Critical thinking

Ability to analyze information and experiences in an objective manner

Helps adolescents to recognize and to assess the factors influencing attitude & behavior - values, pressures (peer,family)

Key to form right attitudes towards life

Assists in developing responsible behavior.

Critical Thinking


Creative thinking

Enables to explore available alternatives and consequences of actions or non-actions

Openness to experience

Helps adolescents to respond adaptively and with flexibility to the daily life situations

Creative Thinking


Self awareness

Body movement and gestures of actions or non-actions

Taking responsibility for own behavior

Being able to stand up for one’s own values and needs

Awareness of mental process

Knowing one’s thought, feelings and actions

SELF-AWARENESS


Coping with emotions stress

Recognizing effects of emotions on others and ourselves of actions or non-actions

Being aware of how emotions influence behaviors

Able to respond to emotions appropriately

Coping with emotions & stress


How to cope with stress

Recognize sources of stress in our life of actions or non-actions

Recognizing how these affect us

Identifying ways that help to control our levels of stress

Learning how to relax to minimize tensions

How to Cope with Stress


Empathy

Ability to understand and accept others of actions or non-actions

To put oneself in other person’s shoes

Being nurturing and tolerant

Encourages a positive behavior towards people in need or difficulty

Empathy


Interpersonal skills

To be able to develop & nurture supportive networks of actions or non-actions

To be able to end relationships constructively

Helps adolescents to relate

with people in positive ways

InterpersonalSkills


Effective communication

To express ourselves verbally & non-verbally of actions or non-actions

To express opinions, desires, needs & fears also

To ask for advice and help

Effective Communication


Take pleasure pride in saying no when one wants to say no

Ways to say of actions or non-actions NO

Polite refusal

Give reason

Repeat refusal

Walk away

Ignore the person

Avoid the situation

Find others’ support

Talk about your own feelings

Take Pleasure & Pride in saying NO when one wants to say “no”


Life skills education

Dynamic teaching & Dynamic learning of actions or non-actions

Working in small groups & pairs

Brainstorming

Role-plays

Experiential learning

Games & debates

Home assignments, to further discuss and practice skills with family & friends.

Life Skills Education


Thus the life skills

are applied of actions or non-actions

in various aspects of life

in human relationships, learning about rights & responsibilities

in health issues:

Thus, the ‘Life skills’ ….

  • Mental Health-Stresses

  • HIV-AIDS /STD Prevention

  • Drug abuse,

  • Sexual violence

  • Teenage pregnancy

  • Suicide Prevention


Therefore the adolescents should know about life skills because

Empowers them to take positive actions to protect themselves and to promote health and positive social relationships.

Utility in Other areas

Environment Education

Consumer Education

Peace Education

Social cultural Issues

Therefore, the Adolescents should know about ‘Life skills’ because


THANK YOU and to promote health and positive social relationships.


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