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Medical Terminology. Unit 12 Prefixes of Location and Medication Administration. Breathing. Re/spir/ation: Breathing Ex/pir/ation (n.): Breathing out Ex/pire, Ex/hale (v.): To breathe out In/spir/ation (n.): Breathing in In/spire (v.): To breathe in. In- = In, Into, Not.

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medical terminology

Medical Terminology

Unit 12

Prefixes of Location and Medication Administration

breathing
Breathing
  • Re/spir/ation: Breathing
  • Ex/pir/ation (n.): Breathing out
  • Ex/pire, Ex/hale (v.): To breathe out
  • In/spir/ation (n.): Breathing in
  • In/spire (v.): To breathe in
in in into not
In- = In, Into, Not
  • In/compatible: Do not mix with each other
  • In/compet/ency (n.): Not able to perform its function.
    • In/compet/ence (n.). In/compet/ent (adj.)
  • In/continence: Lack of control of waste removal
    • In/continence (n.). In/continent (adj.)
  • In/sane: Not sane
  • In/somnia: Inability to sleep
  • In/coherent: Not coherent
in in into not1
In- = In, Into, Not
  • In/cise (v.): To cut into
    • In/cised (past tense verb)
  • In/cision (n.): Cutting into

Vs.

  • Ex/cise (v.): To cut out (remove)
  • Ex/cision (n.): Cutting out
in in into not2
In- = In, Into, Not
  • In/ject (v.): To introduce a substance into the body (usually through a needle)
    • In/jected (v., past tense)
  • In/jector: One who (things which) injects
  • In/jection: Procedure of injecting
in in into not3
In- = In, Into, Not
  • In/fusion: Solution introduced into a vein
  • In/stillation: Putting medicated drops into an eye or body cavity.
    • Stillare = To drip
  • In/semin/ation: Process of placing semen into the opening of the cervix
in in into not4
In- = In, Into, Not
  • In/fested: Organisms living within or on another organism
  • In/flammation (n.): Condition with such symptoms as a red, swollen, and warm area
    • In/flamed (v., past tense)
mal bad poor
Mal- = Bad, Poor
  • Mal/odor/ous: Having a bad odor
  • Mal/aise: General feeling of illness or feeling poorly
  • Mal/formation: Poor formation
  • Mal/nutrition: Poor nutrition
  • Mal/absorption: Poor absorption
eating disorders
Eating disorders
  • Malnutrition may take the form of overnutrition or undernutrition.
    • Hyperphagia
    • Anorexia
    • Anorexia nervosa
    • Bulimea
    • Compulsive overeating
malari o malaria
Malari/o = Malaria
    • Disease caused by a parasite, Plasmodium vivax, carried in mosquitoes. Initially thought to be caused by “bad” night air.
  • Mal/ari/a (n.): Bad air
  • Malari/al (adj.): Pertaining to malaria
  • Malari/ous (adj.): Having malaria
  • Malari/o/logy (n.): Study of malaria
  • Malari/o/therapy (n.):
    • An obsolete method of treating syphilis of the central nervous system by injecting malarial organisms into the body. Organisms produce hyperthermia, which is then terminated by antimalarial medication.
tri three
Tri- = Three
  • Tri/ceps muscle has 3 heads
  • Tri/cuspid valve has three cusps
  • Tri/genim/al nerve has 3 branches
  • Tri/plets: 3 infants during the same pregnancy
bi two
Bi- = Two
  • Bi/furc/ate (v.): To divide into 2 branches
    • Furco- = Branching or dividing
  • Bi/furc/ation (n.): The part of a structure that divides into 2 branches
  • Bi/sexual: 1.) One who is sexually attracted to both males and females. 2.) A person with physical characteristics of both male and female (hermaphrodite).
  • Bi/polar: Affective disorder with severe mood swings from a manic (excited) to a depressive state. Having 2 poles.
bi two1
Muscle of 2 bellies

Tooth with 2 cusps

Lenses with 2 areas of focus

Bi/ceps

Bi/cusps

Bi/focal

Bi- = Two
uni one
Uni- = One

1

  • Uni/corn has one horn
  • Uni/ovular: Pertaining to twins who develop from one ovum
  • Uni/vers/al: Combined into one whole

One

1

Uni-

later al pertaining to the side
Pertaining to:

One side

Two sides

Three sides

Uni/later/al

Bi/later/al

Tri/later/al

Later/al = Pertaining to the side
multi many
Multi- = Many
  • Multi/cell/ular: Made of many cells
  • Bi/cell/ular: Made of 2 cells
  • Uni/cell/ular, Mono/cell/ular: Made of 1 cell
nucleus
Having one nucleus

Having 2 nuclei

Having many nuclei

Uni/nucle/ar, Mononuclear

Bi/nuclear

Multi/nuclear

Nucleus
semi hemi half
Semi-, Hemi- = Half
  • Semi/circle: Half circle
  • Semi/conscious: Half conscious
  • Semi/private: Half private
semi hemi half1
Half circular

Half normal

Half comatose

Semi/circul/ar

Semi/normal

Semi/comatose

Semi-, Hemi- = Half
semi hemi half2
Semi-, Hemi- = Half
  • Hemi/cardia: Presence of only half a heart
  • Hemi/gastr/ectomy: Removal of half the stomach
  • Hemi/plegia, Hemi/paralysis: Paralysis of half the body (on one side).
semi hemi half3
Paralysis of half (one side) of the body

Half of a sphere

Anesthesia of half the body

Hemi/plegia

Hemi/sphere

Hemi/an/esthesi/a

Semi-, Hemi- = Half
genit o reproductive system
Genit/o = Reproductive system
    • Genesis = Beginning, Formation
  • Genit/al: Reproductive system structure
con with
Con- = With
  • Con/genit/al: Born with
    • Congenital deformities or anomalies including
      • Congenital cataract, scoliosis, kyphosis, glaucoma, syphilis
        • Hydr/ophthalm/os is increased fluid pressure in eyes due to congenital glaucoma
  • Con/sanguin/ity: With blood, Blood relationship. A relationship by descent from a common ancestor
    • Sanguin/o = Blood
    • -ity = Quality
sanguin o blood
Sanguin/o = Blood
  • Sanguin/ous, Sanguin/eous: Bloody
dis to free of
Dis- = To free of
  • To free of, to separate, to undo
  • Dis/ease: Free of ease
  • Dis/sect (v.): To cut a tissue or to undo it for purpose of study
    • Dis/section (n.), Dis/sected (past tense verb)
  • Dis/infect (v.): To free of infective agents
    • Dis/infection (n.), Dis/infected (past tense verb)
  • Dis/infectant: Chemical or physical agents that prevent infection by killing microorganisms
dis to free of1
Dis- = To free of
  • Dis/associate: To break apart
  • Dis/sociation (n.): Separation. Ability to move one body segment independently of another. The breaking off of normal thought processes from consciousness
    • Dis/sociate (v.)
    • Dis/sociated (v. past tense or adj.)
  • Multiple personality disorder (MPD)
    • A split in consciousness resulting in 2 (or multiple) different phases of personality, neither being aware of the words, acts, and feelings of the other
prefixes
Post-

Ante-

Pre-

Behind, After

Before, Forward

Before, In front of

Prefixes
post after
Post- = After
  • Post/prandial (pp): After meals
  • Post/cibal (pc): After meals
  • Post/glucose (pg): After ingesting glucose
  • Post/esophageal: Behind the esophagus
  • Post/menopausal: After menopause
  • Post/operative: After an operation
  • Post/coit/al: After coitus (intercourse)
  • Post/part/um: After delivery (refers to the mother)
pre before in front of
Pre- = Before, In front of
  • Pre/an/esthetic: Before anesthesia
  • Pre/hyoid: In front of the hyoid bone
  • Pre/operative: Before an operation
  • Pre/mature: Before maturity (readiness)
  • Pre/scribe: Write before you can take (Rx)
  • Pre/cancer/ous: Before cancer develops
ante before forward
Ante- = Before, Forward
  • Ante/pyretic: Before the fever
  • Ante/flexion: Forward bending
  • Ante/version: Turning forward
  • Ante/part/um: Before delivery
  • Ante/position: Position in front
nat al birth
Nat/al = Birth
    • Natal refers to birth and is related to the baby.
    • Partum refers to delivery is related to the mother.
  • Peri/natal: Around birth
  • Post/natal: After birth
  • Pre/natal: Before birth
  • Ante/natal: Before birth
febr ile pertaining to fever
Febr/ile = Pertaining to fever
    • Febris = Fever
  • Post/febr/ile: Pertaining to after a fever
  • Ante/febr/ile: Pertaining to before a fever
mortem death
Before death

After death

Mort/ality:

Mobid/ity:

Antemortem

Postmortem

Death rate. Statistics giving the ratio of deaths in a given population.

Rate of occurrence of disease. The ratio of disease in a given population.

Mortem = Death
slide34
A.M. = Ante-meridiem = Before noon
  • P.M. = Post-meridiem = After noon
intra within
Intra- = Within
  • Intra/abdominal: Within the abdomen
  • Intra/cellular: Within a cell
  • Intra/uterine: Within the uterus
  • Intra/ven/ous: Within a vein
  • Intra/spin/al: Within the spine
  • Intra/lumb/ar: Within the lumbar region
intra within1
Within an artery

Within the cranium

Within the bladder

Within the aorta

Within the skin

Within the duodenum

Within the thoracic cavity

Intra-/arteri/al

Intra/crani/al

Intra/cyst/ic

Intra-/aort/ic

Intra/derm/al

Intra/duoden/al

Intra/thorac/ic

Intra- = Within
abbreviation
Ac

Ad lib

AID

AIH

am, A.M.

Bid

caps

CRNA

exc

GNID

Gt/gtt. gtts

Before meals (ante cibum)

Ad libetum as desired

Artificial insemination - donor’s sperm

Artificial insemination - husband’s sperm

Ante meridiem (morning)

Bis in die, twice a day

capsules

Certified registered nurse anesthetist

Excision

Gram-negative intracellular diplococcus

Drop, drops

Abbreviation
abbreviation1
I&O

IABP

ID

IM

inf

instill

IU

IUD

IV

Intake and output

Intra-aortic balloon pump

Intradermal, identification

Intramuscular

Infusion

Instillation

International units

Intrauterine device

Intravenous

Abbreviation
abbreviation2
LPN

MSN

NP

pc

pm, P.M.

PO, po

prn

RN

sc, subcu, sq, subq

tab

tid

(see textbook)

Licensed practical nurse

Masters of Science in Nursing

Nurse practitioner

After meals (post cibum)

Post meridiem (after noon)

Postoperative, by mouth (per os)

Pro renata, as needed or required

Registered nurse

Subcutaneous

tablet(s)

Ter in die, three times a day22

1, 2, 3, 4, 5

death

Abbreviation
ad