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Medical Terminology. Unit 12 Prefixes of Location and Medication Administration. Breathing. Re/spir/ation: Breathing Ex/pir/ation (n.): Breathing out Ex/pire, Ex/hale (v.): To breathe out In/spir/ation (n.): Breathing in In/spire (v.): To breathe in. In- = In, Into, Not.

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Medical terminology

Medical Terminology

Unit 12

Prefixes of Location and Medication Administration


Breathing
Breathing

  • Re/spir/ation: Breathing

  • Ex/pir/ation (n.): Breathing out

  • Ex/pire, Ex/hale (v.): To breathe out

  • In/spir/ation (n.): Breathing in

  • In/spire (v.): To breathe in


In in into not
In- = In, Into, Not

  • In/compatible: Do not mix with each other

  • In/compet/ency (n.): Not able to perform its function.

    • In/compet/ence (n.). In/compet/ent (adj.)

  • In/continence: Lack of control of waste removal

    • In/continence (n.). In/continent (adj.)

  • In/sane: Not sane

  • In/somnia: Inability to sleep

  • In/coherent: Not coherent


In in into not1
In- = In, Into, Not

  • In/cise (v.): To cut into

    • In/cised (past tense verb)

  • In/cision (n.): Cutting into

    Vs.

  • Ex/cise (v.): To cut out (remove)

  • Ex/cision (n.): Cutting out


In in into not2
In- = In, Into, Not

  • In/ject (v.): To introduce a substance into the body (usually through a needle)

    • In/jected (v., past tense)

  • In/jector: One who (things which) injects

  • In/jection: Procedure of injecting


In in into not3
In- = In, Into, Not

  • In/fusion: Solution introduced into a vein

  • In/stillation: Putting medicated drops into an eye or body cavity.

    • Stillare = To drip

  • In/semin/ation: Process of placing semen into the opening of the cervix


In in into not4
In- = In, Into, Not

  • In/fested: Organisms living within or on another organism

  • In/flammation (n.): Condition with such symptoms as a red, swollen, and warm area

    • In/flamed (v., past tense)


Mal bad poor
Mal- = Bad, Poor

  • Mal/odor/ous: Having a bad odor

  • Mal/aise: General feeling of illness or feeling poorly

  • Mal/formation: Poor formation

  • Mal/nutrition: Poor nutrition

  • Mal/absorption: Poor absorption


Eating disorders
Eating disorders

  • Malnutrition may take the form of overnutrition or undernutrition.

    • Hyperphagia

    • Anorexia

    • Anorexia nervosa

    • Bulimea

    • Compulsive overeating


Malari o malaria
Malari/o = Malaria

  • Disease caused by a parasite, Plasmodium vivax, carried in mosquitoes. Initially thought to be caused by “bad” night air.

  • Mal/ari/a (n.): Bad air

  • Malari/al (adj.): Pertaining to malaria

  • Malari/ous (adj.): Having malaria

  • Malari/o/logy (n.): Study of malaria

  • Malari/o/therapy (n.):

    • An obsolete method of treating syphilis of the central nervous system by injecting malarial organisms into the body. Organisms produce hyperthermia, which is then terminated by antimalarial medication.


  • Tri three
    Tri- = Three

    • Tri/ceps muscle has 3 heads

    • Tri/cuspid valve has three cusps

    • Tri/genim/al nerve has 3 branches

    • Tri/plets: 3 infants during the same pregnancy


    Bi two
    Bi- = Two

    • Bi/furc/ate (v.): To divide into 2 branches

      • Furco- = Branching or dividing

    • Bi/furc/ation (n.): The part of a structure that divides into 2 branches

    • Bi/sexual: 1.) One who is sexually attracted to both males and females. 2.) A person with physical characteristics of both male and female (hermaphrodite).

    • Bi/polar: Affective disorder with severe mood swings from a manic (excited) to a depressive state. Having 2 poles.


    Bi two1

    Muscle of 2 bellies

    Tooth with 2 cusps

    Lenses with 2 areas of focus

    Bi/ceps

    Bi/cusps

    Bi/focal

    Bi- = Two


    Uni one
    Uni- = One

    1

    • Uni/corn has one horn

    • Uni/ovular: Pertaining to twins who develop from one ovum

    • Uni/vers/al: Combined into one whole

    One

    1

    Uni-


    Later al pertaining to the side

    Pertaining to:

    One side

    Two sides

    Three sides

    Uni/later/al

    Bi/later/al

    Tri/later/al

    Later/al = Pertaining to the side


    Multi many
    Multi- = Many

    • Multi/cell/ular: Made of many cells

    • Bi/cell/ular: Made of 2 cells

    • Uni/cell/ular, Mono/cell/ular: Made of 1 cell


    Nucleus

    Having one nucleus

    Having 2 nuclei

    Having many nuclei

    Uni/nucle/ar, Mononuclear

    Bi/nuclear

    Multi/nuclear

    Nucleus


    Semi hemi half
    Semi-, Hemi- = Half

    • Semi/circle: Half circle

    • Semi/conscious: Half conscious

    • Semi/private: Half private


    Semi hemi half1

    Half circular

    Half normal

    Half comatose

    Semi/circul/ar

    Semi/normal

    Semi/comatose

    Semi-, Hemi- = Half


    Semi hemi half2
    Semi-, Hemi- = Half

    • Hemi/cardia: Presence of only half a heart

    • Hemi/gastr/ectomy: Removal of half the stomach

    • Hemi/plegia, Hemi/paralysis: Paralysis of half the body (on one side).


    Semi hemi half3

    Paralysis of half (one side) of the body

    Half of a sphere

    Anesthesia of half the body

    Hemi/plegia

    Hemi/sphere

    Hemi/an/esthesi/a

    Semi-, Hemi- = Half


    Genit o reproductive system
    Genit/o = Reproductive system

    • Genesis = Beginning, Formation

  • Genit/al: Reproductive system structure


  • Con with
    Con- = With

    • Con/genit/al: Born with

      • Congenital deformities or anomalies including

        • Congenital cataract, scoliosis, kyphosis, glaucoma, syphilis

          • Hydr/ophthalm/os is increased fluid pressure in eyes due to congenital glaucoma

    • Con/sanguin/ity: With blood, Blood relationship. A relationship by descent from a common ancestor

      • Sanguin/o = Blood

      • -ity = Quality


    Sanguin o blood
    Sanguin/o = Blood

    • Sanguin/ous, Sanguin/eous: Bloody


    Dis to free of
    Dis- = To free of

    • To free of, to separate, to undo

    • Dis/ease: Free of ease

    • Dis/sect (v.): To cut a tissue or to undo it for purpose of study

      • Dis/section (n.), Dis/sected (past tense verb)

    • Dis/infect (v.): To free of infective agents

      • Dis/infection (n.), Dis/infected (past tense verb)

    • Dis/infectant: Chemical or physical agents that prevent infection by killing microorganisms


    Dis to free of1
    Dis- = To free of

    • Dis/associate: To break apart

    • Dis/sociation (n.): Separation. Ability to move one body segment independently of another. The breaking off of normal thought processes from consciousness

      • Dis/sociate (v.)

      • Dis/sociated (v. past tense or adj.)

    • Multiple personality disorder (MPD)

      • A split in consciousness resulting in 2 (or multiple) different phases of personality, neither being aware of the words, acts, and feelings of the other


    Prefixes

    Post-

    Ante-

    Pre-

    Behind, After

    Before, Forward

    Before, In front of

    Prefixes


    Post after
    Post- = After

    • Post/prandial (pp): After meals

    • Post/cibal (pc): After meals

    • Post/glucose (pg): After ingesting glucose

    • Post/esophageal: Behind the esophagus

    • Post/menopausal: After menopause

    • Post/operative: After an operation

    • Post/coit/al: After coitus (intercourse)

    • Post/part/um: After delivery (refers to the mother)


    Pre before in front of
    Pre- = Before, In front of

    • Pre/an/esthetic: Before anesthesia

    • Pre/hyoid: In front of the hyoid bone

    • Pre/operative: Before an operation

    • Pre/mature: Before maturity (readiness)

    • Pre/scribe: Write before you can take (Rx)

    • Pre/cancer/ous: Before cancer develops


    Ante before forward
    Ante- = Before, Forward

    • Ante/pyretic: Before the fever

    • Ante/flexion: Forward bending

    • Ante/version: Turning forward

    • Ante/part/um: Before delivery

    • Ante/position: Position in front


    Nat al birth
    Nat/al = Birth

    • Natal refers to birth and is related to the baby.

    • Partum refers to delivery is related to the mother.

  • Peri/natal: Around birth

  • Post/natal: After birth

  • Pre/natal: Before birth

  • Ante/natal: Before birth


  • Febr ile pertaining to fever
    Febr/ile = Pertaining to fever

    • Febris = Fever

  • Post/febr/ile: Pertaining to after a fever

  • Ante/febr/ile: Pertaining to before a fever


  • Mortem death

    Before death

    After death

    Mort/ality:

    Mobid/ity:

    Antemortem

    Postmortem

    Death rate. Statistics giving the ratio of deaths in a given population.

    Rate of occurrence of disease. The ratio of disease in a given population.

    Mortem = Death



    Intra within
    Intra- = Within

    • Intra/abdominal: Within the abdomen

    • Intra/cellular: Within a cell

    • Intra/uterine: Within the uterus

    • Intra/ven/ous: Within a vein

    • Intra/spin/al: Within the spine

    • Intra/lumb/ar: Within the lumbar region


    Intra within1

    Within an artery

    Within the cranium

    Within the bladder

    Within the aorta

    Within the skin

    Within the duodenum

    Within the thoracic cavity

    Intra-/arteri/al

    Intra/crani/al

    Intra/cyst/ic

    Intra-/aort/ic

    Intra/derm/al

    Intra/duoden/al

    Intra/thorac/ic

    Intra- = Within


    Abbreviation

    Ac

    Ad lib

    AID

    AIH

    am, A.M.

    Bid

    caps

    CRNA

    exc

    GNID

    Gt/gtt. gtts

    Before meals (ante cibum)

    Ad libetum as desired

    Artificial insemination - donor’s sperm

    Artificial insemination - husband’s sperm

    Ante meridiem (morning)

    Bis in die, twice a day

    capsules

    Certified registered nurse anesthetist

    Excision

    Gram-negative intracellular diplococcus

    Drop, drops

    Abbreviation


    Abbreviation1

    I&O

    IABP

    ID

    IM

    inf

    instill

    IU

    IUD

    IV

    Intake and output

    Intra-aortic balloon pump

    Intradermal, identification

    Intramuscular

    Infusion

    Instillation

    International units

    Intrauterine device

    Intravenous

    Abbreviation


    Abbreviation2

    LPN

    MSN

    NP

    pc

    pm, P.M.

    PO, po

    prn

    RN

    sc, subcu, sq, subq

    tab

    tid

    (see textbook)

    Licensed practical nurse

    Masters of Science in Nursing

    Nurse practitioner

    After meals (post cibum)

    Post meridiem (after noon)

    Postoperative, by mouth (per os)

    Pro renata, as needed or required

    Registered nurse

    Subcutaneous

    tablet(s)

    Ter in die, three times a day22

    1, 2, 3, 4, 5

    death

    Abbreviation


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