AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY. The 5 Themes of geography. 5 Themes of Geography. Location Movement Human Environment Interaction Place Region. 5 THEMES OF GEOGRAPHY. LOCATION. Relative Location – based on a relationship to a known location. Chicago is located near Lake Michigan
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The 5 Themes of geography
Lines of Latitudes are measured from the center of the earth and represent the angle from center
Parallels are circle drawn around the earth parallel to the equator at right angles to the meridians
Each Degree = approximately 69 miles
Meridians are arcs drawn between north and south poles.
1° = 60'. One minute of arc can be further subdivided into yet smaller fractions of a degree called seconds (again, don't confuse this with the seconds that we use to measure time - they are not the same thing). One minute of arc is equal to 60 seconds of arc, 1' = 60" - the double tick mark is used to designate seconds.
Fig. 1-8: The world geographic grid consists of meridians oflongitude and parallels of latitude. The prime meridian ( 0º) passes through Greenwich, England.
Remote Sensing A-F. is any technique used for measuring, observing, or monitoring a process or object without physically touching the object under observation.
- Use satellites orbiting the Earth or from other long- distances.
- Optical and radio telescopes, cameras, even eyesight are types of remote sensing.
360° ÷ 24 hours = 15° per hour
Fig. 1-9: The world’s 24 standard time zones each represent about 15° of longitude. They are often depicted using the Mercator projection.
Describes the characteristics where a settlement is located
Characteristics can include: - climate- water sources- topography- soil- vegetation- latitude- elevation
SITUATION: * Describes where a place is in relation to its surroundings (other towns, uplands, & rivers)
* Purpose- we can identify something from the land to direct people to their desired locationWhat is the difference between SITE and SITUATION?
Think about why places were located where they are?
VERNACULAR REGION or Perceptual Region:
The state of Iowa is an example of a formal region
the areas of influence of various television stations are examples of functional regions.
Formal Region A-F. –IL is a formal region characterized by a government that passes laws, collect taxes…
Fig. 1-12: A number of features are often used to define the South as a vernacular region, each of which identifies somewhat different boundaries.
Foreman High School is here