Twice/Multi-Exceptional Students. Teacher Update WKU, Bowling Green August 28, 2010 Leah M. Ellis Gifted & Talented Educational Consultant [email protected] Overview. What is a twice or multi-exceptional child? Challenges of the issue Identification & Characteristics
The educational term "exceptional" can be applied to gifted children because of their above-average cognitive ability. When gifted children are also "exceptional" because of a learning disability (a disorder that adversely impacts their learning) they may be referred to as "twice exceptional" ("2E" or 2X"), or as gifted/learning disabled (gifted/LD), or simply "multi-exceptional" a term which acknowledges that a person may have more than one disability.
Julie Shepherd Knapp, 2006
Use multiple data sources:
- Goes unnoticed for possible special education.
- May be considered an underachiever, lazy, or unmotivated.
- Maintains grade-level expectations until difficulty increases (middle & high school).
- May be in special education focused solely on remediation or compensation of the disability.
- Significantly underestimated intellectual abilities due to inadequate assessment that yielded depressed IQ scores.
- Bored in special programs if services do not match challenge level.
- Often misdiagnosed as having an emotional disability.
- Achieving at grade level and assumed to have average ability.
- Show signs of difficulty as curriculum becomes more challenging.
- Perceived as performing within expectations and therefore never referred for special education evaluation.
- Deflated achievement and test scores due to disability and not qualifying for gifted education services.
(Suter & Wolf 1987)
May include Content &/or Direct Instruction in:
- Mathematical Calculations
- Test Taking Strategies
This special population: