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SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN EUROPE. Vincent GOLLAIN, IAURIF, Paris www.iaurif.org. SUMMARY. Introduction Science in Europe Technology in Europe Conclusion. 1. INTRODUCTION. Source : OECD. GERD : Gross domestic expenditure on research and development. 2. SCIENCE IN EUROPE.

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SCIENCE AND

TECHNOLOGY

IN EUROPE

Vincent GOLLAIN, IAURIF, Pariswww.iaurif.org


Summary
SUMMARY

  • Introduction

  • Science in Europe

  • Technology in Europe

  • Conclusion


Introduction

1

INTRODUCTION


Source : OECD

GERD : Gross domestic expenditure on research and development


Science in europe

2

SCIENCE IN EUROPE


The leading science regions
The leading « Science Regions »

1. Londres 6,4%

2. Paris 5,9%

3. Randstad 3,5%

1. Fundamental biology

1. Medical research

1. Applied biology & ecology

1. Engineering

1. Chemistery

1. Physics

1. Earth / Space Science

1. Mathematics

2. Earth / Space Science

3. Fundamental biology

3. Medical research

3. Applied biology & ecology

3. Engineering

% = percentage of european scientific publications (year 1998)


Technology in europe

3

TECHNOLOGY IN EUROPE


The leading technological regions
The leading Technological Regions

1. Rhin-Ruhr 6,1%

1. Stuttgart 6,1%

1. Paris 6,2%

1. Electronics -electricity

1. Instrumentation

2. Chemistery - Pharmaceuticals

1. Machines - mechanics

2. Household ; civil engi.

2. Industrial process

1. Chemistery - Pharmaceuticals

1. Household ; civil engi.

1. Industrial process

London = 2,9 % (rank : number 6)

% = percentage of european patents (1998)


Conclusion

4

CONCLUSION



Thank you for your attention

Merci de votre attention


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