Clinical judgment and nursing diagnoses in nursing administration
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Clinical Judgment and Nursing Diagnoses in Nursing Administration. Chapter Six Part Two. Clinical Judgment and Nursing Diagnoses in Nursing Administration. Contributors T. Heather Herdman Marcelo Chanes. Reality of the Nurse Administrator Role. ( Chanes and Leite 2008).

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Clinical judgment and nursing diagnoses in nursing administration

Clinical Judgment and Nursing Diagnoses in Nursing Administration

Chapter SixPart Two


Clinical judgment and nursing diagnoses in nursing administration1

Clinical Judgment and Nursing Diagnoses in Nursing Administration

ContributorsT. Heather HerdmanMarcelo Chanes


Clinical judgment and nursing diagnoses in nursing administration

Reality of the Nurse Administrator Role

(Chanes and Leite 2008)


Clinical judgment and nursing diagnoses in nursing administration

Research Priorities for Administrators

  • Patient Safety

  • Outcomes of Care Delivery

  • Implementing Nursing Knowledge in Clinical Practice and Evaluating the Benefit to the Patient

  • Nursing Input into Health Policy and Decision Making

  • Staffing Issues

  • Communication in Clinical Practice

  • Determining Means to Evaluate the Relationship Between:

    • Supervision of Nurses and Quality Improvement

    • The Effect of Decision Making

    • The Nurse:Patient Ratio and Its Effect on Patient Outcomes/Safety


Clinical judgment and nursing diagnoses in nursing administration

Nursing’s Role in Patient Safety

Principles of Best Practice

  • Evidence-Based Practice

  • Patient-Centered Processes

  • Communication

  • Lifelong Learning

Leaders Must Acknowledge that the Healthcare Environment is High Risk


Clinical judgment and nursing diagnoses in nursing administration

Nurse Administrator Role

  • Nurse Administrators have a Strategic Role in the Implementation of a Working Process for the Nursing Department

  • This Role Should be Based on:

    • Concept of Nursing Process

    • Concept of Nursing Autonomy

    • Concept of Nursing Quality

    • Use of Evidence-Based Nursing Taxonomies


Clinical judgment and nursing diagnoses in nursing administration

Administrator’s Embodiment of the Triple Model

(Chanes and Leite 2008)


Clinical judgment and nursing diagnoses in nursing administration

Model of Desire for Working with NDx

Morgan (2006) Says that Management Creates:

A Holographic Model in Which Beliefs of the Whole Organization are Built On Every Single Organizational Cell, Beyond Demonstrations of the Leader’s Beliefs


Clinical judgment and nursing diagnoses in nursing administration

Model of Belief Creation

(Chanes and Leite 2008)


Clinical judgment and nursing diagnoses in nursing administration

Take Note

Administrators Create Beliefs with Their Attitudes


Clinical judgment and nursing diagnoses in nursing administration

Importance of Beliefs

  • Help Others to Act Inside a Model

  • Help Others to Deal with Resistance

  • Help Nurse Managers to Identify Multipliers and Leaders

Beliefs Are Very Important


Clinical judgment and nursing diagnoses in nursing administration

Multipliers Can Be…

  • Nurses for a Pilot Project to Implement NDx in Your Practice

    • Help Them to Collect Nursing-Sensitive Indicators

    • Help Them to Deal with Barriers

    • Help Them to Gain Respect/be Seen as a Positive Influence within Your Institution

    • Help Them to Show That …


Clinical judgment and nursing diagnoses in nursing administration

Nursing Diagnosis is Not “One More Task” It is “the Task” (the Knowledge) that is the Basis of All Our Work


Clinical judgment and nursing diagnoses in nursing administration

Viable Model of Working with NDx

  • Staff Need an Environmental Culture that Encourages, Expects and Rewards Working with Nursing Diagnosis


Clinical judgment and nursing diagnoses in nursing administration

How to Create This Environmental Culture

  • Multipliers Must be Equipped to Solve Doubts and Concerns

    • Identify Reference Nurses – They can Help Others

    • Create an Email Account for Questions

    • Create a “Help” or “Knowledge” Page in an Internal Website

  • Training for All Staff:

    • Offer Continuous Competency-Based Training


Clinical judgment and nursing diagnoses in nursing administration

How to Create This Environmental Culture

  • Continuous Case Studies

    • Create a Routine of Studying

    • Invite Nurses to Present Their Most Difficult Case or Cases in Which They Achieved Very Good – or Unintended – Outcomes

    • Create a Culture of “NO FEAR” to Learn from Negative Outcomes


Clinical judgment and nursing diagnoses in nursing administration

Staff Training Must Have a Frameworkof Critical Thinking

Living Learning Cycle (LLC)

Framework for a Critical Thinking-Based Staff Training Program

(Chanes and Leite 2008)


Clinical judgment and nursing diagnoses in nursing administration

EXPERIENCE

  • A Learning Opportunity Provided by Video, Educational Games, Exercises, Speeches, etc., Which can Introduce or Increase Knowledge About New Concepts

EXPERIENCE

(Chanes and Leite 2008)


Clinical judgment and nursing diagnoses in nursing administration

REPORT

  • A Moment for Students/Staff to Verbalize and Discuss Their Point of View About Concepts or Experience

  • Teacher/Facilitator Asks Participants: “What are Your Feelings/Perceptions About These Experiences/Concepts?”

REPORT

(Chanes and Leite 2008)


Clinical judgment and nursing diagnoses in nursing administration

PROCESSING

  • A Moment for Individuals to Think About Their Answers, to Find the Reasons Why They Think/Feel This Way

  • Teacher/Facilitator Asks Participants: “Why Do You Think That Those Feelings/Perceptions Occur?”

PROCESSING

(Chanes and Leite 2008)


Clinical judgment and nursing diagnoses in nursing administration

GENERALIZATION

  • A Moment for Participants to Think About Structures/Behavior Changes They Need to Consider in Order to Implement Concepts

  • Teacher/Facilitator Asks Participants: “How can You Use These Concepts on Your Unit?”

GENERALIZATION

(Chanes and Leite 2008)


Clinical judgment and nursing diagnoses in nursing administration

With This Structure, Students can Achieve:

LEARNING

(Chanes and Leite 2008)


Clinical judgment and nursing diagnoses in nursing administration

Model of Political Articulation in Power Layers

The Nurse Manager Must Act as a Political Leader with a Position/Voice Based on Facts, Numbers and Measured Information to Reduce Health Profesional Barriers and/or Misconceptions


Clinical judgment and nursing diagnoses in nursing administration

TAKE NOTE!

Nurse Administrators can Show that NDx Improves Patient Outcomes, Quality of Care, and Professional and Organizational Image


Clinical judgment and nursing diagnoses in nursing administration

Dealing With Political Barriers

  • Act as a Voice for Staff

  • Show Energy, Enthusiasm and Certainty

  • Appear at (or Provide Some of) the Staff Training/Case Studies to Emphasize Their Importance

  • Base Messages on Facts, Numbers and Measured Information

  • Showcase Own Beliefs

  • Support Patient Safety and Outcomes, the Nursing Role and Nursing Process


Clinical judgment and nursing diagnoses in nursing administration

Conclusion

Nurse Administrators Must Champion the Need for Nurses with Expertise in Clinical and Diagnostic Reasoning, and Who Appropriately Utilize the Entire Nursing Process, in an Evidence-Based Manner, to Support Patient Safety and Improved Patient Outcomes


Clinical judgment and nursing diagnoses in nursing administration

References

Chanes M, LeiteMMJ (2008) Measuring knowledge acquired though leadership educational game. Nursing, São Paulo 10: 70-74. 

Morgan G. (2006) Images of Organization. São Paulo, Brazil: ATLAS.


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