United states marine corps
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United States Marine Corps PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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United States Marine Corps. Overview. USMC Organization USMC Missions USMC Doctrine Operating Forces of the USMC Future Trends. Organization. Commandant of the Marine Corps Separate military service Serves under the Dept of Navy Reports to Secretary of the Navy

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United States Marine Corps

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United states marine corps

United StatesMarine Corps


Overview

Overview

  • USMC Organization

  • USMC Missions

  • USMC Doctrine

  • Operating Forces of the USMC

  • Future Trends


Organization

Organization

  • Commandant of the Marine Corps

    • Separate military service

      • Serves under the Dept of Navy

    • Reports to Secretary of the Navy

    • No Secretary of the Marine Corps

    • Responsible for operational readiness for the entire corps


Commandant of the marine corps

Commandant of the Marine Corps

  • Three Fundamental Groupings

    • HQ USMC “executive branch” of Dept of Navy

      • Professional assistance to Sec of Navy

      • Coordinates actions of USMC organizations

      • Assist in communication between SecDef & combatant commanders in time of war

  • Operating forces (field units)

  • Supporting establishment


Nca joint chiefs of staff

NCA/Joint Chiefs of Staff

  • National Command Authority (NCA)

    • POTUS

    • SECDEF

  • Combatant Commanders (COCOM)

    • Geographical and Functional

  • CJCS – Advises NCA – Senior Military Officer

  • Joint Chiefs of Staff – CJCS, VCJCS

    • Service Chiefs (Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines)


Missions

Missions

  • Organize, train, & equip Fleet Marine Forces

  • Furnish security detachments & organizations

    • For service on naval vessels

    • For protection of naval property at naval stations & bases

  • Perform duties directed by the President

  • Amphibious operations


Marine corps ethos

Marine Corps Ethos

  • Marine Corps Ethos

    • Honor, Courage and Commitment

    • Framework for how Marines act and think

    • Formed through rigorous training and education

    • Every Marine is a Rifleman

    • Leadership – JJDIDTIEBUCKLE

    • MAGTF Officer


Doctrine

Doctrine

  • Maneuver

    • Shatter enemy’s cohesion

    • Attack from position of advantage (not straight on)

    • Exploitation of time and space

  • Combined Arms

    • If enemy counter-acts one attack, he must be vulnerable to another


Operating forces

Operating Forces

  • The heart of the Marine Corps

    • Fleet Marine Forces

    • Marine Security Guard Battalion

    • Marine Corps Security Forces

      • Installations

      • Ships


Fleet marine forces

Fleet Marine Forces

  • Two Fleets

    • Atlantic Fleet

    • Pacific Fleet

  • Expeditionary in nature

    • Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF)


Magtf

MAGTF

  • Provides forces of combined arms for service with the fleet

  • Operate forward from the sea

  • NOT an echelon of command

    • Organizational structure similar to an “expeditionary air wing”

  • Four elements

    • Command Element, Ground Combat Element, Aviation Element, and Combat Service Support Element


Marine expeditionary force mef

Marine Expeditionary Force (MEF)

  • Principle war-fighting organization in USMC

    • Commanded by Lt Gen

    • Deploys with 60-day supply of materials

  • Only 3 MEFs in entire Marine Corps


Marine expeditionary brigade meb

Marine Expeditionary Brigade (MEB)

  • Commanded by O-7

    • Deploys with 30-day supply

  • Forward deployed aboard “Amphibious Ready Group”

  • Immediate responsive sea-based MAGTF

    • Meet forward presence & limited power projection requirements


Marine expeditionary unit meu

Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU)

  • Commanded by O-6

    • Deploys with 15-day supply

  • Forward deployed aboard “Amphibious Ready Group”

  • Immediate responsive sea-based MAGTF

    • Meet forward presence & limited power projection requirements


Special purpose magtf

Special PurposeMAGTF

  • Organized to accomplish specific missions that are inappropriate for MEF, MEB or MEU

  • Draws combat forces from

    • Marine Divisions

    • Marine Air Wings

    • Force Service Support Groups


Marine division

Marine Division

  • Basic ground component of Marine Corps

  • Execute amphibious assault operations

  • Marine Divisions

    • HQ battalion

    • 3 infantry units

    • Artillery regiment

    • Separate tank, recce, engineer, & amphibious assault battalions

    • Light armored infantry battalion


Marine aircraft wings

Marine Aircraft Wings

  • Consists of

    • Two or more tactical squadrons

    • Logistics squadron

    • Air base squadrons

  • Two primary missions

    • Supporting air component of fleet marine forces

    • Conduct land ops essential to prosecution of naval campaign


Marine logistic group

Marine Logistic Group

  • Composite grouping of functional components that provide combat support service to the MAGTF


Future trends

Future Trends

  • USMC is changing dramatically (end of Cold War)

    • PAST: Massive frontal assault

    • TODAY: “over the horizon” attack at night— anytime, anywhere

  • Enhanced ops capabilities & tactical weapons systems

    • Function better in joint environment


Marine corps core competencies

Marine Corps Core Competencies

  • Break into five groups – 10 Minutes to Discuss

    • WarfightingCulture and Dynamic Decision-making

    • Expeditionary Forward Operations

    • Sustainable and Interoperable Littoral Power Projection

    • Combined Arms Integration

    • Forcible Entry from the Sea


Summary

Summary

  • USMC Organization

  • USMC Missions

  • USMC Doctrine

  • Operating Forces of the USMC

  • Future Trends


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