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Teachers , Schools, and Society A Brief Introduction to Education Third Edition David Miller Sadker Karen R. Zittleman. FINANCING AND GOVERNING AMERICA ’ S SCHOOLS. Chapter 7. 100%. 90. 80. 70. Percentage of students in school who are black or Latino. 60. 50. 40. 30. 20. 10. 0.

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FINANCING AND GOVERNING AMERICA ’ S SCHOOLS

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Financing and governing america s schools

Teachers,Schools,

andSociety

A Brief Introduction to Education

Third Edition

David Miller Sadker

Karen R. Zittleman

FINANCING AND GOVERNING AMERICA’S SCHOOLS

Chapter 7


School segregation and poverty

100%

90

80

70

Percentage of students in school who are black or Latino

60

50

40

30

20

10

0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

Percentage of schools with majority in poverty

SCHOOL SEGREGATION AND POVERTY


The public education dollar where the money comes from

THE PUBLIC EDUCATION DOLLAR: WHERE THE MONEY COMES FROM

Source: Public Education Finances, 2008. U.S. Census Bureau. Issued June 2010.


The public education dollar where the money goes

THE PUBLIC EDUCATION DOLLAR: WHERE THE MONEY GOES

Source: Public Education Finances, 2008 U.S. Census Bureau. Issued June 2010.


Does money matter

DOES MONEY MATTER?

  • Local Control

  • Horatio Alger

  • Genetics

  • Culture of Poverty

  • Flawed Studies

  • Previous Funding Increases Have Not Resulted in Achievement Gains


Per pupil and secondary expenditures for elementary schools school year 2007 2008

PER-PUPIL AND SECONDARY EXPENDITURES FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS: SCHOOL YEAR 2007-2008

Source: Public Education Finances, 2008, U.S. Census Bureau, April 2007, Updated June 2010.


Federal budget

Federal Budget

Source: Federal Role in Education, U.S. Department of Education (2008). www.ed.gov/about/overview/fed/role.html


Public opinion on financing education

7.7

PUBLIC OPINION ON FINANCING EDUCATION

Which do you think is the best way to finance the public schools – by means of local property taxes, by state taxes, or by taxes from the federal government in Washington?

Source: 40th PDK/Gallup Poll.


Public view of money and quality of education

Public View of Money andQuality of Education

In your opinion, how much does the amount of money spent on public school student’s education affect the quality of his or her education?

Source: Phi Delta Kappa/Gallup Poll 2010


Environmental factors impact the condition of schools

ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS IMPACT THE CONDITION OF SCHOOLS

  • VENTILATION

  • HEATING

  • INDOOR AIR QUALITY

  • ACOUSTICS OR NOISE CONTROL

  • PHYSICAL BUILDING SECURITY

  • LIGHTING CONDITIONS


Structure of a typical state school government

STRUCTURE OF A TYPICAL STATE SCHOOL GOVERNMENT

Source: Digest of Education Statistics, National Center for Educational Statistics Common Core Data, “National Public Education Financial Survey,” U.S. Department of Education, 2000-01.


Who controls what state

WHO CONTROLS WHAT? (STATE)

  • Levy taxes

  • License teachers and other educators

  • Set standards for school attendance, safety, etc.

  • Outline minimum curricular and graduation standards (sometimes including specific textbooks to be used and competency tests for student graduation and teacher certification)

  • Regulate the nature and size of local school districts


Who controls what local

WHO CONTROLS WHAT?(LOCAL)

  • Implement state regulations and policies

  • Create and implement local policies and practices for effective school administration

  • Hire school personnel

  • Provide needed funds and build appropriate facilities

  • Fix salaries and working conditions

  • Translate community needs into educational practice

  • Initiate additional curriculum, licensing, or other requirements beyond state requirements

  • Create current and long-range plans for the school district


What principals earn

Average salary

$88, 062

Elementary

Middle School

High school

$93, 478

$99, 365

WHAT PRINCIPALS EARN

Source: National Association of Elementary School Principals, Educational Research Service (2004-2005).


Superindent paychecks

SUPERINDENT PAYCHECKS

Source: Salaries and Wages for Professional and support Personnel in Public Schools, 2006-2007.”


Public elementary and secondary principals

PUBLIC ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY PRINCIPALS

Source: National Center of Educational Statistics, “Public and Private School Principals by Selected Characteristics,”Condition of Education, 2010, Figure 29-1.


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