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Teachers , Schools, and Society A Brief Introduction to Education Third Edition David Miller Sadker Karen R. Zittleman. FINANCING AND GOVERNING AMERICA ’ S SCHOOLS. Chapter 7. 100%. 90. 80. 70. Percentage of students in school who are black or Latino. 60. 50. 40. 30. 20. 10. 0.

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Financing and governing america s schools

Teachers,Schools,

andSociety

A Brief Introduction to Education

Third Edition

David Miller Sadker

Karen R. Zittleman

FINANCING AND GOVERNING AMERICA’S SCHOOLS

Chapter 7


School segregation and poverty

100%

90

80

70

Percentage of students in school who are black or Latino

60

50

40

30

20

10

0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

Percentage of schools with majority in poverty

SCHOOL SEGREGATION AND POVERTY


The public education dollar where the money comes from
THE PUBLIC EDUCATION DOLLAR: WHERE THE MONEY COMES FROM

Source: Public Education Finances, 2008. U.S. Census Bureau. Issued June 2010.


The public education dollar where the money goes
THE PUBLIC EDUCATION DOLLAR: WHERE THE MONEY GOES

Source: Public Education Finances, 2008 U.S. Census Bureau. Issued June 2010.


Does money matter
DOES MONEY MATTER?

  • Local Control

  • Horatio Alger

  • Genetics

  • Culture of Poverty

  • Flawed Studies

  • Previous Funding Increases Have Not Resulted in Achievement Gains


Per pupil and secondary expenditures for elementary schools school year 2007 2008
PER-PUPIL AND SECONDARY EXPENDITURES FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS: SCHOOL YEAR 2007-2008

Source: Public Education Finances, 2008, U.S. Census Bureau, April 2007, Updated June 2010.


Federal budget
Federal Budget SCHOOL YEAR 2007-2008

Source: Federal Role in Education, U.S. Department of Education (2008). www.ed.gov/about/overview/fed/role.html


Public opinion on financing education

7.7 SCHOOL YEAR 2007-2008

PUBLIC OPINION ON FINANCING EDUCATION

Which do you think is the best way to finance the public schools – by means of local property taxes, by state taxes, or by taxes from the federal government in Washington?

Source: 40th PDK/Gallup Poll.


Public view of money and quality of education
Public View of Money and SCHOOL YEAR 2007-2008Quality of Education

In your opinion, how much does the amount of money spent on public school student’s education affect the quality of his or her education?

Source: Phi Delta Kappa/Gallup Poll 2010


Environmental factors impact the condition of schools
ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS IMPACT THE CONDITION OF SCHOOLS SCHOOL YEAR 2007-2008

  • VENTILATION

  • HEATING

  • INDOOR AIR QUALITY

  • ACOUSTICS OR NOISE CONTROL

  • PHYSICAL BUILDING SECURITY

  • LIGHTING CONDITIONS


Structure of a typical state school government
STRUCTURE OF A TYPICAL SCHOOL YEAR 2007-2008STATE SCHOOL GOVERNMENT

Source: Digest of Education Statistics, National Center for Educational Statistics Common Core Data, “National Public Education Financial Survey,” U.S. Department of Education, 2000-01.


Who controls what state
WHO CONTROLS WHAT? SCHOOL YEAR 2007-2008 (STATE)

  • Levy taxes

  • License teachers and other educators

  • Set standards for school attendance, safety, etc.

  • Outline minimum curricular and graduation standards (sometimes including specific textbooks to be used and competency tests for student graduation and teacher certification)

  • Regulate the nature and size of local school districts


Who controls what local
WHO CONTROLS WHAT? SCHOOL YEAR 2007-2008(LOCAL)

  • Implement state regulations and policies

  • Create and implement local policies and practices for effective school administration

  • Hire school personnel

  • Provide needed funds and build appropriate facilities

  • Fix salaries and working conditions

  • Translate community needs into educational practice

  • Initiate additional curriculum, licensing, or other requirements beyond state requirements

  • Create current and long-range plans for the school district


What principals earn

Average salary SCHOOL YEAR 2007-2008

$88, 062

Elementary

Middle School

High school

$93, 478

$99, 365

WHAT PRINCIPALS EARN

Source: National Association of Elementary School Principals, Educational Research Service (2004-2005).


Superindent paychecks
SUPERINDENT PAYCHECKS SCHOOL YEAR 2007-2008

Source: Salaries and Wages for Professional and support Personnel in Public Schools, 2006-2007.”


Public elementary and secondary principals
PUBLIC ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY PRINCIPALS SCHOOL YEAR 2007-2008

Source: National Center of Educational Statistics, “Public and Private School Principals by Selected Characteristics,”Condition of Education, 2010, Figure 29-1.


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