Terrain Data Analysis and Visualization
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Terrain Data Analysis and Visualization. USMA Department of Systems Engineering. Terrain Visualization. Advisor. Cadet Daniel Pate USMA Department of Systems Engineering (845) 515-4417 D [email protected] Cadet Aaron Fairman USMA Department of System Engineering (845) 515-4421

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Terrain Data Analysis and Visualization

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Terrain data analysis and visualization

Terrain Data Analysis and Visualization

USMA Department of Systems Engineering

Terrain Visualization

Advisor

Cadet Daniel Pate

USMA Department of Systems Engineering

(845) 515-4417

[email protected]

Cadet Aaron Fairman

USMA Department of System Engineering

(845) 515-4421

[email protected]

LTC Rob Kewley

USMA Department of Systems Engineering

(845) 938-5206, Fax: (845) 938-5919

[email protected]

Cadet Collin Smith

USMA Department of Systems Engineering

(845) 515-1013

[email protected]

Cadet Grace Garcia

USMA Department of Mathematics

(845) 515-5366

[email protected]

USMA Department of Systems Engineering


Agenda

Agenda

  • Problem Definition

  • Background

  • Assumptions

  • Cost Analysis

  • Simulation Findings

  • Conclusions

  • Future Work

USMA Department of Systems Engineering


Problem definition

Problem Definition

  • Problem Statement: Provide information to assist in creating realistic terrain databases for operational testing of the Army’s Future Combat Systems

    • Providing adequate, realistic data for mission planning and execution.

USMA Department of Systems Engineering


Stakeholder analysis

Stakeholder Analysis

  • Key stakeholders listed in bold:

    • Research, Development & Engineering Command (RDECOM)

    • Topographic Engineering Center (TEC)

    • Future Combat System (FCS)

    • National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA)

    • Tactical Terrain Teams

    • US Army Soldiers: DIV, BDE, BN, CO, PLs, NCOs

    • Joint Command and Operations: Army, Air Force, Marines, Navy, Coast Guard

    • Army National Guard and Reserve Component

    • Possible Civil Applications: Disaster Relief (FEMA), Homeland Security

USMA Department of Systems Engineering


Integration

Integration

USMA Department of Systems Engineering


Overview

Overview

  • Terrain Databases are used for various military operations.

  • Constraints:

    • Network bandwidth

    • Limited information/intelligence for a given area.

    • Different data formats between source data and final product.

  • Designed three different scenarios to test terrain data sufficiency:

    • Low Level (basic “on-the-shelf” data)

    • Medium Level (basic data plus significant analysis)

    • High Level (extensive analysis, additional intelligence)

USMA Department of Systems Engineering


Functional hierarchy

Functional Hierarchy

USMA Department of Systems Engineering


Camp shea

Camp Shea

USMA Department of Systems Engineering


Value hierarchy

Value Hierarchy

USMA Department of Systems Engineering


Operational scenarios

Operational Scenarios

Assumptions for Different Scenarios

  • Low Level

    • Less than a week’s notice before the data is given to the commander.

    • Only imagery available will be off-the-shelf data.

    • Not detailed

  • Medium Level

    • Four weeks of contingency planning time was available prior to the operation

    • Better imagery will allow for elevation, precise base images, apparent large features.

  • High Level

    • Air and Ground control over the area for at least two months.

    • Availability of LIDAR collection equipment and cameras

USMA Department of Systems Engineering


Levels of detail

Levels of Detail

USMA Department of Systems Engineering


Terrain data analysis and visualization

Low

USMA Department of Systems Engineering


Low close up

Low (close up)

USMA Department of Systems Engineering


Medium

Medium

USMA Department of Systems Engineering


Medium close up

Medium (close up)

USMA Department of Systems Engineering


Terrain data analysis and visualization

High

USMA Department of Systems Engineering


High close up

High (close up)

USMA Department of Systems Engineering


Assumptions

Assumptions

Data Generation Assumption

  • A Team can produce a Medium Density product given:

    • 8 hour working days (Monday-Friday)

    • Minimal breaks

    • Trained Professionals who know how to create the database

    • Teams of 4 analysts are constantly available

    • Urban area that is 15 x 15 kilometers with a 3 to 4 kilometer “suburban” area

USMA Department of Systems Engineering


Cost data matrix

Cost Data Matrix

USMA Department of Systems Engineering


Digital terrain elevation data dted

Digital Terrain Elevation Data(DTED)

  • From DTED 5 to 1 the storage space required decreases to between 8-10% of the previous level.

  • Only about a 24 hour difference in man hours between best and worst.

  • Biggest concern is Operational status pre-deployment to boots on ground.

USMA Department of Systems Engineering


Level effectiveness

Level Effectiveness

USMA Department of Systems Engineering


Cost analysis

Cost Analysis

USMA Department of Systems Engineering


Conclusion data analysis

Conclusion (Data Analysis)

  • Data Development

    • Feature layers are manpower intensive

      • Roads, vegetation, and urban areas are easiest to create

      • Marshes, streams, and rivers are most difficult to create

      • Categorization of urban areas requires human intelligence

  • Analyzed Elevation in the Cost Analysis

    • Level 1 to Level 2

      • 55% Increase in Value for a 10% Increase in Storage Cost

    • Level 2 to Level 3

      • 25% Increase in Value for a 90% Increase in Storage Cost

    • Analyst Hours stay constant throughout Cost Analysis.

USMA Department of Systems Engineering


Future work

Future Work

  • Continue to Analyze the Cost versus Value

    • Individual attributes at varying levels of detail

    • Individual cost for varying attributes

  • Advisor and LTC Hendricks will continue work in Ft. Bliss

  • Move to gain an understanding between FCS and TEC

USMA Department of Systems Engineering


Questions

Questions

USMA Department of Systems Engineering


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