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Dr Bernard Vallat, Director General. Santé animale et compétitivité des filières en Afrique: comment lever les contraintes sanitaires CSA / OCDE - août 2008. World Organisation for Animal Health Established in 1924: 172 Members Intergovernmental organisation – predates the UN

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Dr Bernard Vallat, Director General

Santé animale et compétitivité des filières en Afrique: comment lever les contraintes sanitaires

CSA / OCDE - août 2008


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  • World Organisation for Animal Health

  • Established in 1924: 172 Members

  • Intergovernmental organisation – predates the UN

  • Permanent Regional Representations: Bamako (Mali), Buenos Aires (Argentina), Tokyo (Japan), Sofia (Bulgaria) and Beirut (Lebanon)

  • Sub-regional Offices: Bangkok (Thailand), Gaborone (Botswana), Panama, Brussels (Belgium)

  • Regional Commissions: Africa, America, Asia-Pacific, Europe and Middle East

OIE - SOME KEY FACTS

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13

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OIE MANDATE

Historical: ‘To prevent animal diseases

from spreading around the world’

The 4th Strategic Plan 2006/2010 extends the OIE’s global mandate to:

‘The improvement of animal health all around the world’


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OIE OBJECTIVES

ANIMAL HEALTH INFORMATION

to ensure transparency in the global animal disease and zoonosis situation

to collect, analyse and disseminate scientific veterinary information


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OIE OBJECTIVES

INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS

to promulgate health standards for the safety of international trade in animals and animal products and animal disease surveillance (within its WTO mandate)

to contribute to food safety and food security

and to promote animal welfare, through a science-based approach


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OIE OBJECTIVES

ACTIVITIES OF VETERINARY SERVICES

to provide expertise and encourage international solidarity in the control of animal diseases

to improve the legal framework and resources of national Veterinary Services


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OIE INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS

Official references of the World Trade Organisation (SPS Agreement)

Adopted by consensus of OIE Members

Terrestrial & Aquatic Animal Health Code

Containing disease standards

Terrestrial & Aquatic Manual

Containingtechniques for diagnostis and quality requirements for vaccines

Available at http://www.oie.int/


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Standard setting procedure

COMMITTEE,COMMISSIONS,DELEGATES

PROBLEM

Specialist

Commissions

Review

Advice of experts or other Specialist Commissions

Draft text

2

1

Comments

Delegates

COMMITTEE

Adoption

OIE INTERNATIONALSTANDARD


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OIE standards

One country – one voice - Africa: 30% of votes

Prepared on the basis of a meticulous risk analysis.

Importing countries need to reduce the use of arbitrary risk analysis methods, and adopt OIE standards systematically

No ZERO RISK

The Code already contains recommendations on commodities that are safe to trade.


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How to improvethe OIE standards?

More structured and logical presentation :

Live animals

Specific animal products

Sufficiently detailed information on products that have been processed to render them safe:

regardless of the country’s animal health status

Taking into account best practice in:

Industrial and food technologies

Advances in understanding of pathogen behaviour and inactivation.


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OIE will advocate for:

A change of attitude that results in import bans on countries that meet their OIE obligations by reporting diseases

Such approach is acceptable as an interim measure, while awaiting precise information

Bans should be replaced by protection measures based on OIE standards and recommendation on each commodities as quickly as possible.


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OIE will advocate for:

The development of new research programmes on important trade issues.

eg. better knowledge of the conditions under which FMD virus survives or not during meat maturation

However, it is important not to adopt an approach based solely on pathogen inactivation, which could lead to relaxing efforts to prevent and control animal diseases based on surveillance


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Importance of OIE policies

Positive impact on poverty reduction and public health

Justification for improving financing of VS to maintain surveillance networks and rapid response teams

To deal with animal health threats as they emerge and/or are recognised


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OIE standards on the quality of VS

Compliance with OIE standards is a prerequisite to

effective surveillance

reliable and credible certification

Allowing countries to gain access to regional and global markets without posing a risk to animal health and public health.


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Good Governance of Veterinary Services

  • Requirements for all countries

  • Need for appropriate legislation and implementation through national animal health systems providing for:

    • Early detection, Transparency, Notification

    • Rapid response to animal disease outbreaks

    • Biosecurity

    • Compensation

    • Vaccination when appropriate


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Good Governance of Veterinary Services

  • Building and maintaining efficient epidemiosurveillance networks and territorial meshing in the entire national territory, potentially for all animal diseases...

  • a responsibility of Governments

  • Concept of ‘Quality of Services’ adopted by all OIE Members

  • Horizontal versus vertical investments

  • Chain of command and “decentralization”


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Market access

From West Africa (animals and products)

Existing markets

Potential Markets: cattle, small ruminants, horses, camels, poultry, ostriches

Main constraints: animal diseases


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Animal diseases

Main epizootics:

Rinderpest

Peste de petits ruminants

Foot and Mouth Disease

African Horse sickness

Rift valley fever

Solutions exist for all


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Certification

Standards on quality

Use of PVS evaluation tool

More than 30 African countries already evaluated

Gap analysis and relations with donors


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OIE PVS TOOL

OIE Tool for the Evaluation of Performance of Veterinary Services


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OIE PVS TOOL

4 FUNDAMENTAL COMPONENTS

  • Human, physical and financial resources

  • Technical authority and capability

  • Interaction with stakeholders

  • Access to markets


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OIE PVS APPROACH

  • External independent evaluation

  • Upon request of the country

    • according to its context

  • To assess

    • Compliance with OIE Standards

    • Strengths / Weaknesses

    • Gaps / areas for improvement

  • Not an audit


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OIE PVS APPROACH

  • Experts trained and certified by the OIE

  • Assessment based on facts & evidence, not impressions

  • Donors have accepted the OIE PVS official procedure in the evaluation of the performance of VS

  • A prerequisite and a guide in helping countries request national and/or international financial support needed to make improvements


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Existing OIE tools in Africa

Regional Representation

Bamako (Mali)

Sub-Regional Representations

Gaborone (Botswana)

Tunis (Tunisia)

Others

Concept of Regional Centres of animal health

Relations with RECs


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Short term investment

Compliance with international standards on quality

Legislation – drugs and vaccines control

Control of epizootics

Reduction of non epizootic diseases burden


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Middle and Long term investments

Building veterinary scientific community

Regional reference laboratories and collaborating centres

Investment in animal production


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Global Public Good

  • Global public goods are goods whose benefits extend to all countries, people and generations.


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Global Public Good

  • In the case of eradication of infectious diseases, the benefits are international and inter­generational in scope.

  • Countries depend on each other

  • Inadequate action by a single country can jeopardize others

  • Failure of one country may endanger the planet.


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Activities of Veterinary Services

  • Veterinary Services are a Global Public Good

  • with beneficial effects for:

    • Poverty Alleviation

      Securing assets (capital, animal)

      Increasing productivity

    • Market Access: local, regional and international

    • Public Health: food safety and food security

  • Win-win contract



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World organisation for animal health

12 rue de Prony

75017 Paris, France

Tel: 33 (0)1 44 15 18 88

Fax: 33 (0)1 42 67 09 87

Email: [email protected]

http://www.oie.int


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