Roots of revolution 22 1
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Roots of Revolution 22.1. Target. Identify areas of discontent between the social classes. Vocab. Estate Taille Bourgeoisie. Vocab. Estate Taille Bourgeoisie. Assignment. Identify the factors of discontent for each “estate”. First Estate 1%. Clergy of the Roman Catholic Church.

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Roots of Revolution 22.1

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Roots of revolution 22 1

Roots of Revolution22.1


Target

Target

  • Identify areas of discontent between the social classes.


Vocab

Vocab

  • Estate

  • Taille

  • Bourgeoisie


Vocab1

Vocab

  • Estate

  • Taille

  • Bourgeoisie


Assignment

Assignment

Identify the factors of discontent for each “estate”.


First estate 1

First Estate 1%

  • Clergy of the Roman Catholic Church.

    • Very powerful and wealthy.

    • Owned 15% of land in France.

  • Most wealth held by the bishops, archbishops, and abbots.

    • Did not pay taxes.

    • Materialistic – neglected spiritual duties.

  • Lower clergy did most of the work.


Second estate 2

Second Estate 2%

  • The nobles.

    • Enjoyed perks of feudalism.

    • Held high government positions.

  • Paid few taxes.

    • Collected money from the peasants.

  • Irresponsible about the welfare of France.


Bourgeoisie 8

Bourgeoisie 8%

  • Middle class.

    • Merchants, manufacturers, and professionals.

  • Educated and wealthy.


Third estate 75 80

Third Estate 75%-80%

  • Very poor.

    • City workers, artisans, and rural people.

  • Paid high taxes.

  • Forced to pay a tithe.

    • 1/10 of income to church.

  • Had no say in the government.


Reasons of discontent

Reasons of Discontent

  • Growing population.

  • Poor economic conditions.

  • Rising food prices.

  • Taxes.

  • Political power.


Financial crisis

Financial Crisis

  • Louis XV spent too much money.

    • Taxes did not off set the budget.

    • Continues to borrow money from bankers.

  • Louis XVI

    • Debt continues to grow.

      • American Revolution

    • Married Marie-Antoinette (Austrian)

    • Can’t get the nobles to pay taxes.


Meeting of the estates general

Meeting of the Estates General

  • Each estate would meet and vote on issues.

    • Top two estates would out vote the third.

  • Estate General met on May 5th, 1789.

    • Third Estate disobeys Louis XV.

    • Claims to be the National Assembly.

      • Invites the other estates to join.

    • Refuses to stop until there is a constitution.


Assignment answers

Assignment Answers


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