New Economies and Chattel Slavery in Fifth-Century Greece. Contributions of Sir Moses I. Finley. Slave Scene from Comedy. M.I. Finley on Greek Freedom and Greek Slavery.
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New Economies and Chattel Slavery in Fifth-Century Greece
Contributions of Sir Moses I. Finley
M.I. Finley on Greek Freedom and Greek Slavery
“The Greeks…discovered both the idea of individual freedom and the institutional framework in which it could be realized. The pre-Greek world…was, in a very profound sense, a world without free men, in the sense in which the west has come to understand that concept. It was equally a world in which chattel slavery played no role of any consequence. That, too, was a Greek discovery. One aspect of Greek history, in short, is the advance, hand in hand, of freedom and slavery.”
Champion on the Gortyn Law Code
“The Code reveals a society in transition to a money economy. Production of exchange values led to the introduction of chattel slavery as an alternative source of dependent labor to patriarchal serfdom.”
Historical Encyclopedia of World Slavery
Aristotle, Rhetoric, 1367a32
Freedom = “one who is in no way under the constraint of another.”