New Economies and Chattel Slavery in Fifth-Century Greece. Contributions of Sir Moses I. Finley. Slave Scene from Comedy. M.I. Finley on Greek Freedom and Greek Slavery.
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Contributions of Sir Moses I. Finley
“The Greeks…discovered both the idea of individual freedom and the institutional framework in which it could be realized. The pre-Greek world…was, in a very profound sense, a world without free men, in the sense in which the west has come to understand that concept. It was equally a world in which chattel slavery played no role of any consequence. That, too, was a Greek discovery. One aspect of Greek history, in short, is the advance, hand in hand, of freedom and slavery.”
“The Code reveals a society in transition to a money economy. Production of exchange values led to the introduction of chattel slavery as an alternative source of dependent labor to patriarchal serfdom.”
Historical Encyclopedia of World Slavery
Freedom = “one who is in no way under the constraint of another.”