The road to world war i
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The Road to World War I. 1914-1918. By 1914, Europe had enjoyed a century of relative peace. International events, such as the first modern Olympic games in 1896 and the First Universal Peace Conference in 1899, were steps toward keeping the peace.

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The Road to World War I

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The road to world war i

The Road to World War I

1914-1918


The road to world war i

By 1914, Europe had enjoyed a century of relative peace.

International events, such as the first modern Olympic games in 1896 and the First Universal Peace Conference in 1899, were steps toward keeping the peace.


The road to world war i

However, while peace efforts were under way, powerful forces were pushing Europe towards war.


Leading causes to wwi

Leading causes to WWI

  • M.A.I.N

    • M: Militarism

    • A: Alliances

    • I: Imperialism

    • N: Nationalism


Militarism

Militarism

The glorification of the military.

As the world entered the 20th century, an arms race had begun.


Militarism1

Militarism

By 1914, Germany had the greatest increase in military build up.

The fiercest rivalry at the time was between Britain and Germany in which both countries greatly expanded their navies.

The armies of France and Germany had more than doubled between 1870 and 1914.


Alliances

Alliances

Alliances were intended to promote peace by creating powerful combinations that no one would dare attack.

Over time, countries throughout Europe made mutual defense agreements that would pull them into battle.

If one country was attacked, allied countries were bound to defend them.


Alliances1

Alliances

  • Two huge alliances emerged:

    • The Triple Alliance

      • Italy, Austria-Hungary and Germany

      • Central Powers

    • The Triple Entente

      • France, Russia and Britain

      • Allies


Imperialism

Imperialism

Before the war, Africa and parts of Asia were being fought for by different European powers.

The increasing competition and desire for greater empires led to an increase in tensions that helped push WWI.


Nationalism

Nationalism

Before the war, each country was attempting to prove their dominance and power.

Germans were proud of their new empire’s military power and industrial leadership.


Nationalism1

Nationalism

  • Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire feared rising nationalism.

    • These territories worried that nationalism might foster rebellion among the many minority populations within its empire.


Nationalism2

Nationalism

  • Ottoman Empire felt threatened by nearby Balkan states such as, Serbia.

  • Many Serbians had a dream of a new South Slav state.

    • This would take territory away from both Austria-Hungary and Ottoman.


The road to world war i

The Balkan Region


Nationalism3

Nationalism

In 1912, several Balkan states attacked Ottoman Turkey and succeeded in taking a large amount of land.

The bloody Balkan wars raised tensions.

By 1914, the Balkans were called the “powder keg of Europe”- a barrel of gunpowder that a tiny spark might cause to explode.


June 28 1914

June 28, 1914

GavriloPrincip

Archduke Franz-Ferdinand

Sarajevo, Capital of Bosnia

Assassination of Archduke Franz-Ferdinand heir of the Austrian empire by Serbian Terrorist GavriloPrincip.


The road to world war i

“ The first (bullet) struck the wife of the Archduke, the Archduchess Sofia, in the abdomen… she died instantly.

The Second bullet struck the Archduke close to the heart. He uttered only one word “Sofia”- a call to his stricken wife. Then his head fell back and he collapsed. He died almost instantly.”

- BorijoveJevic, co-conspirator


Start of the war

Start of the War

  • One month later: July 28, 1914

  • Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia.

    • Domino Effect:

      • Russia, a Serbia ally then declares war on Austria-Hungary.

      • England and France jump in to help Serbia.

      • Germany promises unconditional support to Austria.


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