Persian empire
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Persian Empire . One Minute Map: Label the Tigris, Euphrates, Nile, and Indus Rivers. Persian Empire at its Height. King Cyrus the Great 580-529 BC . Cyrus’s Empire. 550 BC – Conquered several neighboring kingdoms Military genius Controlled an empire spanning 2000 miles

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Persian Empire

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Persian empire

Persian Empire


One minute map label the tigris euphrates nile and indus rivers

One Minute Map: Label the Tigris, Euphrates, Nile, and Indus Rivers.


Persian empire at its height

Persian Empire at its Height


King cyrus the great 580 529 bc

King Cyrus the Great 580-529 BC


Cyrus s empire

Cyrus’s Empire

  • 550 BC – Conquered several neighboring kingdoms

  • Military genius

  • Controlled an empire spanning 2000 miles

  • Kindness toward conquered people

  • Honored local customs and religions

  • 538 BC - Allowed the Jews to return to their homeland, Jerusalem

  • Considered by the Jews to be one of God’s anointed ones


Tolerance

Tolerance !!!

  • Cyrus use the idea of tolerance to keep the peace and to seem like a liberator.

  • He allowed people to keep their local customs and religions.

  • He showed kindness toward conquered peoples


Darius the great

Darius the Great

  • Member of the king’s body guard

  • Overthrew the king in 522 BC

  • Took power and created a well-organized efficient government

  • Brought peace and stability

  • Expanded the empire by 500 miles

  • But could not conquer Greece


King darius the great 526 485 bc

King Darius the Great526-485 BC


Persian empire

Ancient Persepolis


Persian art

Persian Art

Persepolis, Iran

  • Apadana with huge columns 60 feet tall

  • 36 columns with bull-shaped tops

  • Reliefs on walls symbolize Persian guards called Immortals

  • 10,000 Immortals protected the city and ruler

  • Large ramps leading to apadana enable chariots to enter hall


Persian empire

How did the Persian Empire grow and how did its rulers maintain economic prosperity and political stability?


Persian empire

KingDariusdividedtheempire into20provinces each ruled by a satrap (local governor)

Satraps were the “eyes & ears of the king,” collected taxes, & informed the king of uprisings


Satraps

Satraps


Royal spies

Royal Spies

  • They spied on the citizens and on the governors to make sure they were not going to steal or revolt.


The persian empire

The Persian Empire

The Persians used metal coins with standardized values to help promote trade


The royal road

The Royal Road

  • 1,677 miles long with 111 relay stations

  • Other smaller roads branched off the royal road

  • Relay stations had rest areas and fresh horses.

  • The entire royal road could be traveled in a week by a horsemen

  • Caravans took about a month


Persian royal roads

Persian “Royal Roads”


Persia is in modern day iran

Persia is in Modern Day Iran


Persian empire

Zoroaster, 6c BCE:Good Thoughts, Good Deed, Good Words

“Tree of Life”


Persian empire

Dualistic Battle of Good vs. Evil

Ahura Mazda“Holy Spirit”

Ahriman“Destructive Spirit”


Persian empire

Imagine you are a Hebrew living under Persian rule. Write a letter to a friend living outside of the Persian Empire describing your feelings about Cyrus the Great as a leader.


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