all you need to know about the vietnam war for the taks test
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All you need to know about the VIETNAM WAR for the TAKS test. Background. Domino Theory Under Chinese & French authority Vietminh League for the Independence of Vietnam Led by Ho Chi Minh 1954 – freed from France & “temp” divided 1957 – “civil war” begins US helps the South.

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background
Background
  • Domino Theory
  • Under Chinese & French authority
  • Vietminh
    • League for the Independence of Vietnam
    • Led by Ho Chi Minh
  • 1954 – freed from France & “temp” divided
  • 1957 – “civil war” begins
    • US helps the South
early us involvement
Early US Involvement
  • JFK, 1960 – tough on Communism
  • By 1963
    • 16k military advisors
    • Other aid, all squandered
  • S. Vietnam’s leadership grows unpopular
    • US-supported coup
lbj s role
LBJ’s Role
  • JFK shot 3 weeks after coup  LBJ
  • Vietcong
    • Communist guerillas in S. Vietnam
    • National Liberation Front
  • LBJ decides to escalate the war
    • Gulf of Tonkin Incident
    • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
military tactics
Military Tactics
  • VC
    • sneak attacks, sabotage, booby traps
    • guerilla warfare, snipers, elaborate underground tunnels, undercover VC
  • US
    • Saturation bombing / fragmentation bombing
    • Herbicide (Agent Orange)
    • Napalm
johnson s escalation
Johnson’s Escalation
  • Landslide victory in 1964
  • 1965 troop buildup
    • 25,000 at beginning of year
    • 184,000 at end of year
  • Operation Rolling Thunder
    • 3 years of continual bombing
  • Hawks & doves criticize back in US
massacres
Massacres
  • US troop presence
    • 385,000 (1966)
    • 485,000 (1967)
    • 536,000 (1968)
  • Tet Offensive
    • VC atrocities
    • US atrocities (My Lai)
    • Outcome*
era of protests
Era of Protests
  • Students involved
  • Free speech
  • Teach-ins
  • Draftresistance
change in leadership
Change in Leadership
  • LBJ, no. RFK, yes. Well, no.
  • Richard Nixon wins 1968 election.
    • Democrats stay home on Election Day.
end of the war
End of the War
  • Nixon widens thewar (Cambodia)
  • More demonstrations
    • Kent State,Jackson State,NYC construction
  • 1972
    • Peace announced
    • Election
  • 1973 – peace realized
results of the war
Results of the War
  • Fighting continued for 2 more years
  • Initial domino effect
    • Khmer Rouge
    • Vietnam
  • US effects
    • Casualties & money spent
    • Welcome home (Sanitarium)
    • Vietnam Memorial (1982)
slide32

Inside Tuol Sleng prison: once a notorious Khmer Rouge torture centre, the prison was turned into a genocide museum in 1980. The photo shows a wheelchair-using survivor of the Khmer Rouge silhouetted against an English translation of the prison’s draconian ‘security regulations’. The regulations were posted on small pieces of board in each cell. Photo: Dave Perkins / Globalaware

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