All you need to know about the vietnam war for the taks test
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All you need to know about the VIETNAM WAR for the TAKS test. Background. Domino Theory Under Chinese & French authority Vietminh League for the Independence of Vietnam Led by Ho Chi Minh 1954 – freed from France & “temp” divided 1957 – “civil war” begins US helps the South.

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All you need to know about the vietnam war for the taks test

All you need to know about the VIETNAM WAR for the TAKS test


Background
Background

  • Domino Theory

  • Under Chinese & French authority

  • Vietminh

    • League for the Independence of Vietnam

    • Led by Ho Chi Minh

  • 1954 – freed from France & “temp” divided

  • 1957 – “civil war” begins

    • US helps the South


Early us involvement
Early US Involvement

  • JFK, 1960 – tough on Communism

  • By 1963

    • 16k military advisors

    • Other aid, all squandered

  • S. Vietnam’s leadership grows unpopular

    • US-supported coup


Lbj s role
LBJ’s Role

  • JFK shot 3 weeks after coup  LBJ

  • Vietcong

    • Communist guerillas in S. Vietnam

    • National Liberation Front

  • LBJ decides to escalate the war

    • Gulf of Tonkin Incident

    • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution


Military tactics
Military Tactics

  • VC

    • sneak attacks, sabotage, booby traps

    • guerilla warfare, snipers, elaborate underground tunnels, undercover VC

  • US

    • Saturation bombing / fragmentation bombing

    • Herbicide (Agent Orange)

    • Napalm





Johnson s escalation
Johnson’s Escalation

  • Landslide victory in 1964

  • 1965 troop buildup

    • 25,000 at beginning of year

    • 184,000 at end of year

  • Operation Rolling Thunder

    • 3 years of continual bombing

  • Hawks & doves criticize back in US


Massacres
Massacres

  • US troop presence

    • 385,000 (1966)

    • 485,000 (1967)

    • 536,000 (1968)

  • Tet Offensive

    • VC atrocities

    • US atrocities (My Lai)

    • Outcome*


Era of protests
Era of Protests

  • Students involved

  • Free speech

  • Teach-ins

  • Draftresistance


Change in leadership
Change in Leadership

  • LBJ, no. RFK, yes. Well, no.

  • Richard Nixon wins 1968 election.

    • Democrats stay home on Election Day.


End of the war
End of the War

  • Nixon widens thewar (Cambodia)

  • More demonstrations

    • Kent State,Jackson State,NYC construction

  • 1972

    • Peace announced

    • Election

  • 1973 – peace realized


Results of the war
Results of the War

  • Fighting continued for 2 more years

  • Initial domino effect

    • Khmer Rouge

    • Vietnam

  • US effects

    • Casualties & money spent

    • Welcome home (Sanitarium)

    • Vietnam Memorial (1982)


Inside Tuol Sleng prison: once a notorious Khmer Rouge torture centre, the prison was turned into a genocide museum in 1980. The photo shows a wheelchair-using survivor of the Khmer Rouge silhouetted against an English translation of the prison’s draconian ‘security regulations’. The regulations were posted on small pieces of board in each cell. Photo: Dave Perkins / Globalaware


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