America and world war i
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 22

America And World War I PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

America And World War I. Chapter 19 in The Americans. Essential Questions:. What were the causes of WWI? Why did America become involved in WWI? What were the consequences of WWI for America and the world?. Four Main Causes of WWI.

Download Presentation

America And World War I

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

America and world war i

America And World War I

Chapter 19 in The Americans

Essential questions

Essential Questions:

  • What were the causes of WWI?

  • Why did America become involved in WWI?

  • What were the consequences of WWI for America and the world?

Four main causes of wwi

Four Main Causes of WWI

  • Militarism: The development of armed forces and their use as a tool of diplomacy

    • An arms race developed between world powers when countries all tried to get better and stronger weapons than the others

  • Imperialism: The process of becoming a more powerful nation by getting control over weaker nations

    • Led to competition for colonies between European nations and eventually America

    • Nationalism: A devotion to the interests and culture of one’s nation.

    • Led to competitive rivalries between nations in Europe

  • Alliances: a formal agreement of union between nations

System of alliances

System of Alliances

  • Triple Entente: The Allies

    • France

    • Britain

    • Russia

  • Triple Alliance: Central Powers

    • Germany

    • Austria-Hungary

    • Italy

    • Ottoman Empire

  • These alliances grouped together and when the war started they all supported each other

  • Wwi leaders the big four

    WWI Leaders – The Big Four

    Wilson: American President

    George Clemenceau: French leader

    David Lloyd George: British Prime Minister

    Vittorio Orlando: Italian Prime Minister

    German leader kaiser wilhelm ii

    German Leader: Kaiser Wilhelm II

    • Wilhelm II Bio at:

    Assassination sparks war

    Assassination Sparks War

    • The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand: Heir to the Austria-Hungarian throne


    • This caused Austria Hungary and it’s allies to declare war Serbia and it’s Allies


    Assassin GavriloPrincip

    Archduke Franz Ferdninand

    Lead up to american involvement

    Lead Up to American Involvement

    • Lusitania: A British liner that was sunk by the Germans in which 1,198 people died (128 Americans)

    • Zimmerman Note: a note from Germany revealing German support for Mexico against the US if the US entered the war

    • Convoy System: a system in which merchant ships would cross the Atlantic in large groups to prevent enemy attack

    American troops

    American Troops

    • Selective Service Act: required men to

      register with the government for a random

      draft (24 million men registered, 3 million

      were called up)

    • American Expeditionary Force (AEF): The American forces led by General John J. Pershing

    • Conscientious Objector: a person who opposes a war on moral grounds

    • Pacifist: a person who objects to all wars

    • Mobilization: When a country prepares for war

    Fighting wwi

    Fighting WWI

    • No man’s land: A space between the two sides trenches that was extremely dangerous for a person to be in

    • Trench warfare: when soldiers dug into the field and fought for yards of land at a time (extremely deadly way to fight)

    • U-Boat: German submarines; often used against merchant ships

    War technology


    German TriPlane

    French BiPane


    Machine Guns


    Cost of war

    Cost of War

    • 22 million dead (1/2 civilians)

    • 20 million wounded

    • 10 million refugees

    • $338 billion spent on war

    • 48,000 Americans killed in battle

    • 62,000 Americans killed by disease

    • 200,000 Americans wounded

    American homefront

    American Homefront

    • War Industries Board: committees set up to efficiently make supplies for the war effort led by Bernard Baruch

    • War Bonds: sold to raise money for the war effort

    • Committee on Public Information: sent out biased messages called propaganda to the American people in an effort to get them to support the war; led by George Creel

      • Propaganda: information spread to gain support for the war

    • Espionage and Sedition Act: a person could be punished for saying anything disloyal or for interfering with the war effort

    • Food Administration: led by Herbert Hoover, promoted rationing

    • National War Labor Board: created to limit labor disputes and maximize production

    • Great Migration: when hundreds of thousands of black Americans moved from the South to cities in the North during the war

    Russian revolution

    Russian Revolution

    • Vladmir Lenin: Led a coup of the Russian government by the Bolsheviks.



    • This event took Russia out of World War I



    • At 11 a.m. on 11 November 1918, (the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month), a ceasefire came into effect.

    • This is the date Americans celebrate Veterans Day.

    Fourteen points

    Fourteen Points:

    • A speech given by Wilson to Congress about how the war should end

    • First 5 points about how to avoid a war like this in the future

      • No secret treaties among nations

      • Freedom of the seas for all

      • Tariffs and other economic barriers should be removed between countries to promote free trade

      • Arms should be reduced to the lowest amount possible while still maintaining domestic safety

      • Colonials powers should consider the interests of colonists as well as their own interests

    • Next 8 points dealt with boundary changes that called for self-determination (the right for people to make their own countries)

    • The 14th Point was a call to create a League of Nations (a group of reps for all countries that could meet and discuss problems to prevent them from escalating to war)

    Treaty of versailles

    Treaty of Versailles

    • Agreement after WWI

      • Established 9 new nations (including Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Yugoslavia)

      • Carved 5 areas out of the Ottoman Empire and gave them the France and England as temporary colonies until they were ready for self-rule

      • Barred Germany from maintaining an army

      • Made Germany return Alsace and Lorraine to France

      • Made Germany pay 33 million dollars to the allies as reparations (war damages)

      • Included a war-guilt clause: forced Germany to admit sole responsibility for starting WWI

  • Login