Wildlife and recreation management mr lemmons
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 41

Wildlife and Recreation Management Mr. Lemmons PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 53 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Freshwater Fish. Wildlife and Recreation Management Mr. Lemmons. IDENTIFYING FISH. Shape and number of spines Number of type of scales Teeth Eye diameter Internal anatomy Location of specific body parts. Why do fish change color?. STRESS!! 1. Being hooked 2. Being removed from water

Download Presentation

Wildlife and Recreation Management Mr. Lemmons

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Freshwater Fish

Wildlife and Recreation ManagementMr. Lemmons


IDENTIFYING FISH

  • Shape and number of spines

  • Number of type of scales

  • Teeth

  • Eye diameter

  • Internal anatomy

  • Location of specific body parts.


Why do fish change color?

STRESS!!

1. Being hooked

2. Being removed from water

3. Environmental changes

4. Spawning


Caudal Fin

Dorsal Fin

Operculum

Pectoral Fin

Anal Fin

Pelvic Fin


Bluegill


1/2 as deep as long

under 1” thick

blue color on lower portion of both the jaw and operculum

Color is NOT a good way to identify

Dark round spot on the rear dorsal fin

5-9 dark vertical bands running down their sides.

Aka: Bream, Brim, Perch, Sunfish, Sunperch

Average size 4 - 6 oz

State Record 2.02 Lampasas River

Bluegill


Red Eared Sunfish


Produced from a Bluegill and Pumpkinseed crossbreeds.

Red Eared Sunfish


Crappie


Both Black and White (black = 7-8 dorsal spines, white = 6 dorsal spines.)

Very thin, perhaps the thinnest of all sunfish

8-10 inches is common

WHITE CRAPPIE:

Nest Builders

Average 3/4 to 1 1/2 lbs.

Crappie


WHITE CRAPPIE CONT.

  • State Record 4.56 lbs. Navarro Mills Lake

  • Vertical Bars on the side

  • BLACK CRAPPIE

  • North and East Texas

  • Irregular Dark side blotches

  • Average size 3/4 - 1 1/4 lbs.

  • State Record 3.92 lbs- Lake Fork


Yellow Perch


Golden Yellow Coloration on their sides. (may vary)

6-8 dark vertical bands along their sides

have two dorsal fins, membrane between the two is black

caudal fin is slightly rounded and forked

Yellow Perch


Largemouth Bass


Largemouth Bass

  • Upper jaw extends beyond the eye

  • Deep notch in dorsal fin

  • Caudal fin is forked and rounded

  • Brown and gold eyes

  • Dark, irregular horizontal stripe along lateral line

  • Dorsal Fin almost divided

  • 12-13 Rays in Soft Dorsal Fin (rear section)

  • aka: Black bass, green trout, bigmouth bass, lineside bass

  • 2-6 lbs average

  • State Record 18.18 lbs. - Lake Fork


White Bass


White Bass

Originated in Caddo Lake

State wide

Double dorsal fin

aka: Sand bass, barfish, streaker, silver bass

1 to 1 1/2 pounds average

State record 5.56 pounds - Colorado river


Striped Bass

Introduced

Largest member of the bass family

2 sharp points on gill cover

7 - 8 horizontal stripes

State record 53 pounds - Brazos river


Yellow Bass

Often confused with white bass

Lower 2 stripes broken

Average size 1/2 pound

State record 1.44 pounds – Cedar Creek Lake


Smallmouth Bass


Smallmouth Bass

  • Upper jaw does not extends beyond the eye

  • Slight notch in dorsal fin

  • Caudal fin is not forked and not rounded

  • Red eye

  • Dark, vertical stripe along sides

  • Large clear water lakes

  • State record 7.93 pounds - Lake Meredith


Rock Bass


Rock Bass

  • Brown eye

  • Brown coloration, with light vertical stripes along the sides

  • Heavy bodied

  • aka: warmouth, goggle eye

  • Average size 8 oz

  • State Record 1.3 lbs- Town Lake


Other Bass

  • Guadalupe Bass

  • Flowing waters

  • aka: Guadalupe spotted bass

  • State record 4.69 - San Marcos River


Other Bass

  • Spotted Bass

  • Native to East Texas

  • Confused with Largemouth

  • Kentucky spotted bass, spotted black bass

  • State record 5.62 pounds – Lake Alan Henry

  • Hybrid Striped Bass

  • White Bass X Striped Bass

  • State Record 19.66 pounds - Lake Ray Hubbard


Channel Catfish


Channel Catfish

  • Scaleless, tough skin

  • 8 barbels

  • Three sharp spines, (1 dorsal, 2 pectoral)

  • Black spots on lower side of body

  • Popular with Trotliners

  • aka: Willow cat, forked-tail cat

  • Deeply forked caudal fin

  • Excellent table quality

  • Average 2-3 lbs.

  • State Record 36.5 lbs - Pedernales River


Flathead Catfish


Flathead Catfish

  • Scaleless, tough skin

  • 8 barbels

  • Three sharp spines, (1 dorsal, 2 pectoral)

  • No spots on lower side of body

  • squared caudal fin

  • aka: Yellow cat, opelousas, mud cat, shovelhead cat

  • flattened head

  • lower lip protrudes past upper lip


Yellow Bullhead


Yellow Bullhead

  • Scaleless, tough skin

  • 8 barbels

  • Sharp spines (1 dorsal, 2 pectoral)

  • Black, Brown or Yellow species

  • Polliwog, chucklehead cat

  • Caudal fin is slightly notched and squared

  • Texas nongame fish


Carp Grass and Common


Common Carp


Common Carp

  • Rough fish

  • Very scaly

  • Barbels

  • Considered a nuisance to American Anglers, prized in Europe

  • Much like a sucker fish

  • aka: German or European Carp

  • Nongame Fish


Grass Carp


Grass Carp

  • Harmful to Native resources

  • 100% Herbivorous

  • Used for vegetation control

  • Texas Nongame

  • Triploid (sterile) are legal for use in Texas only

  • Must have permit to obtain.

  • Aka: White amur


Freshwater Drum

Gaspergou, sheepshead

Only freshwater member of drum family

Forces air into smaller air bladders

State record 34.7 pounds - Texoma


Gar

Alligator Gar

Longnose Gar

Spotted Gar

Shortnose Gar


Alligator Gar

Others - Spotted, Longnose, Shortnose

Air breather - can survive in stagnant water

Long, cylindrical body

Hard, interlocking scales

State record 279 pounds - Rio Grande River


Fish need areas of protection

Streams and Rivers:

Riffles, pockets, pools

Overhangs

Current breakers

Dams, waterfalls


Fish need areas of protection

LAKES:

Depth Changes

Weedy Shallows

Gravel Bars

Channels

Road Beds

Trees & Obstructions


  • Login