Social change
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Social Change. The Study of Social Change. One of sociology’s “big questions” An attempt to understand and predict changes in the social world Macro and m icro level changes occur. Sources of Social Change. Physical Environment Population Clashes over resources and values Norms

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Social Change

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Social change

Social Change


The study of social change

The Study of Social Change

  • One of sociology’s “big questions”

  • An attempt to understand and predict changes in the social world

    • Macro and micro level changes occur


Sources of social change

Sources of Social Change

  • Physical Environment

  • Population

  • Clashes over resources and values

  • Norms

  • Innovation

    • Discoveries and inventions

  • Diffusion

  • The mass media


Cultural lag

Cultural Lag

  • When non-material culture must adapt to changes in material culture

    • Examples?


Social change in the united states

Social Change in The United States

  • The information revolution

    • How do computers, cell phones and other new gadgets shape the way Americans live? What changes have occurred? Are these changes positive or negative?

    • Do some people have advantages with use of technology? Do computers and phones make Americans smarter citizens, better students, and more attentive lovers?


Collective behavior

Collective Behavior

  • Rumors, Fashions and Fads, Mass hysteria and panic

  • Crowds

    • Suggestiblity

    • Deindividualization

    • Invulnerability


Emergent norm theory

Emergent Norm Theory

  • Crowd members evolve new behaviors in a crowd setting and then enforce the new expectation as a new norm

    • Examples?


Social movements

Social Movements

  • A large number of people bringing about or resisting social change

    • Challenge established institutions

    • Seek to alter the course of history

      • What causes social movements?


Causes of social movements

Causes of Social Movements

  • Deprivation Approaches

    • Relative deprivation


Social revolution

Social Revolution

  • How does a revolution occur?

    • A centralized state to mobilize against

    • A weakened military allegiance

    • Political Crises

    • A large portion of the population must mobilize


Looking to the future

Looking to the Future

  • Futurists

    • Any bold predictions?


Sociology and social change

Sociology and Social Change

  • The sociological imagination involves moving away from thinking in terms of the individual.

    • A focus on changing the social structure rather than on changing people


Human agency social change from the bottom up

Human Agency: Social Change from the Bottom Up

  • Throughout U.S. history individuals have organized to create a more just, equal society.

  • Environmental sensitivity, civil rights, and women’s rights were not generated by people high up, but from collective action of individuals.


Human agency social change from the bottom up1

Human Agency: Social Change from the Bottom Up

  • Individuals Protesting and Organizing for Change

    • Racial Minorities

    • Workers

    • Women

    • Immigrants

    • The Gay and Lesbian Community

    • Environmental activists

    • The disabled


Sociology and social change1

Sociology and Social Change

  • Sociology is subversive.

  • Sociology challenges the core of society’s dominant ideology.

  • Sociology is critical of society.


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