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Food Processing. Road map- this meal from start to your kitchen table. Small group assignment. Trade maps- what jobs and how do they help control the spread of bacteria. Small group assignment. Humans are the biggest source of food contamination.

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Trade maps what jobs and how do they help control the spread of bacteria

Trade maps- what jobs and how do they help control the spread of bacteria

Small group assignment

Review the apple slice of bread and can of pop that has been left out overnight

Review the apple, slice of bread, and can of pop that has been left out overnight

Question: What has happened to each?

Preservation of food has decreased

Preservation of food has decreased been left out overnight

We use technology to preserve our food today

Focus of food processing

Focus of Food Processing been left out overnight




Farm methods
Farm Methods bacteria?

  • Special cleaning and sanitizing

  • Special areas set aside for specific foods

  • Competitive exclusion- animals ingest good bacteria when young

  • irradiation- bacteria killed when ionizing energy is used. Intense pulse of energy is emitted, gamma radiation or electron bean accelerator is used.

Farm methods pasteurization
Farm Methods: pasteurization bacteria?

  • use heat to destroy microorganisms- milk was second food to be pasteurized (wine first food), besides dairy foods fruit juices, chicken, beef, and spices are also pasteurized.

  • Eggs- heat up to 57 degrees and keep it there for 75 minutes.

  • Louis Pasteur- chemist

Pasteurized or not

Pasteurized or not? bacteria?

Teacher led activity- observe each for the next 3 days of class

Farm method ultra high water pressure
Farm Method: Ultra High Water Pressure bacteria?

  • water is used to kill bacteria.

  • 50,000-100,000 pounds of pressure from water is focused on the food for 30 seconds to several minutes.

  • No heat.

  • This does help maintain the nutritional quality of the food

Ways that while in transportation the spread of bacteria is stopped
Ways that while in Transportation the spread of bacteria is stopped

  • Food is cleaned, cooled and properly packaged

  • Shipping container is also cooled and cleaned

  • Temperature is tracked during shipping by satellites

Why do we process food
Why do we process food? stopped

  • Reduce the rate of food degradation

  • Enhance the usefulness of food

  • Convert food into a form more suitable for consumption

  • Food safer

  • Food lasts longer

How is food processed
How is food processed? stopped

  • Canned

  • Frozen

  • Packaged dry- remove water

  • Fermentation- more nutritious in unfermented state

  • Milling

  • Hydrogenation- add hydrogen atoms to carbon atoms turning unsaturated fats to saturated fats

Food dehydration activity

Food Dehydration Activity stopped

Teacher directed lab

Functions of food containers
Functions of Food Containers stopped

  • Nontoxic and compatible with food

  • Sanitary protection

  • Moisture protection

  • Gas and odor protection

  • Light protection

  • Resistant to impact

  • Transparent

Functions of food containers1
Functions of food containers stopped

  • Tamper resistant

  • Ease of opening

  • Pouring

  • Able to reseal

  • Ease of disposal

  • Appearance

  • Low cost

Food container facts
Food Container Facts stopped

  • Primary container- comes into direct contact with the food

  • Secondary container- the outer box

  • Nuts example has their own primary container by nature

Types of food containers
Types of Food Containers stopped

  • cans- thin layer of tin on the lid protects from rust. Inside the can is a thin layer of tin or baked on enamel. Aluminum can may also be used is can is injected with liquid nitrogen prior to closure to produce internal pressure that adds rigidity

  • glass- chemically inert and noncorrosive food packaging. Temperature is a concern. Breakage is a concern

Types of food containers1
Types of Food Containers stopped

  • paper- must be treated , coated, or laminated. Coating is wax, resins, lacquers, plastics, aluminum. Coating improves: water strength, grease resistance, sealability, appearance, flexibility, tear resistance, burst strength, and printability.

  • Plastic- use Is expected to grow

Types of food containers2
Types of Food Containers stopped

  • Restorable pouches- three layers outer layer: polyester film for strength, temperature resistance, printability. Middle layer: aluminum film for barrier for a heat seal.

  • Boil in bags- high tensile strength and can withstand temperatures from -70 – 150

  • Aerosol container- can withhold internal pressures of 100 psi. gases are nitrous oxide

Types of food containers3
Types of Food Containers stopped

  • Edible film- nature casing, also used on hot dogs, sausages, nuts. Spray drying flavoring materials made for gelatins known as micro-encapsulation. Example coated raisins so they don’t get soggy in cereal- also space food

  • Plastic shrink- can observe food, protect food from contaminations