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Mao Zedong. Words to Know. Nationalism Cultural Revolution Long March Great Leap Forward Chiang Kai-Shek Republic of China (ROC, Tiawan ) People’s Republic of China (PRC) Communist Party of China (CPC). Graphic Organizer. Mao Zedong ( December 26, 1893 – September 9, 1976) was a

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words to know
Words to Know

Nationalism

Cultural Revolution

Long March

Great Leap Forward

Chiang Kai-Shek

Republic of China (ROC, Tiawan)

People’s Republic of China (PRC)

Communist Party of China (CPC)

slide5

Mao Zedong (December 26, 1893 – September 9, 1976) was a

    • Chinese military and political leader,
        • led Communist Party of China (CPC) to victory in the Chinese Civil War
        • leader of People’s Republic of China (PRC).
    • Very respected in China even though his leadership resulted in the deaths of millions of people
slide6

Mao was born to a peasant family

He was still a student when the revolution of 1911-1912 overthrew the Manchu government and made China a republic. While he was employed as a library worker at the National University in Beijing (Peking) in 1918, Mao became attracted to the ideas of Communism.

In 1921, Mao and 11 other people founded the Chinese Communist Party in Shanghai.

brief overview of communism karl marx
Brief overview of Communism:Karl Marx

Karl Marx (1818-1883), German political philosophercreated Marxism. With political economist Friedrich Engels, he founded scientific socialism (now known as communism)

Communism Video

brief overview of communism vladimir lenin
Brief overview of Communism:Vladimir Lenin

Vladimir Lenin (1870-1924)

Russian revolutionary leader

Lenin led Russia to become a communist nation after studying Marxism

interactive notebook question left side
Interactive Notebook Question (Left Side)
  • Think-Pair-Share
    • Why do you think Mao chose communism over other forms of government?
graphic organizer1
Graphic Organizer

Peasant Family

University Student

Mao Zedong

slide11

Overtime China fell into a civil war between groups supporting democracy, monarchy, and communism. Eventually, two groups formed the main struggled for power.

At first the Kuomintang (Nationalist/Democratic) and the Communists tried to work together to make China a better place. However, the Kuomintang decided to attack the communists and attempted to kill most of their followers.

slide12

Kuomintang (who?!)and the Communists attempted to work together to make China better, but it didn’t work! They attacked the communists.

      • Kuomintang-Nationalist (democratic)
  • Mao Zedong survived
    • retreated (what does that mean?) to gather additional peasants for support.
slide13

Nationalist China

    • leader Chiang Kai-shek

Democratic Leader, US supported.

( REVIEW eventually attacked ____.)

slide14

In 1934, Mao led the Communists in what is called The Long March. The 6,000-mile

  • march lasted over a year and made the survivors a very loyal and close group under Mao\'s leadership.
graphic organizer2
Graphic Organizer

Peasant Family

University Student

Mao Zedong

The Long March

Violent Revolution Theory

interactive notebook question left side1
Interactive Notebook Question (Left Side)
  • Think-Pair-Share (Pick one to answer)
    • Which side did the U.S. support and why?
    • How did the Long March make Mao’s stronger in China?
slide17

In the middle of the Chinese Civil War, Japan invaded China causing the start of WWII. Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong were forced to work together, along with the U.S., against the Japanese. (Story time!)

graphic organizer3
Graphic Organizer

Peasant Family

University Student

Mao Zedong

The Long March

Fought against Nationalist Chinese

Violent Revolution Theory

slide21

After the end of World War II, the U.S. continued to support Chiang Kai-shek WHY?

    • Who supported China? How?
  • On December 10, 1949, Chiang Kai-shek’slost and evacuated from the mainland to Taiwan .
establishment of communist china
Establishment of Communist China
  • Mao’s first political goal was to take all land from land owners and get rid of all people who didn’t like communism.
    • What do you think happened to those people who refused?
      • Believed to have killed over 1 million people
graphic organizer4
Graphic Organizer

Land Reform

Mass Executions

Mao Zedong

great leap forward
Great Leap Forward
  • Mao launched the Great Leap Forward.
  • People were either forced to work on large farms or work in the iron and steel industry.
  • What was he hoping to strengthen?
  • All private food production was banned; livestock and farm equipment was confiscated and made public property.
slide25

Under the Great Leap Forward, Mao ordered unproven new agricultural techniques by the new communes (large farms) . Causing what? Why?

  • Caused
    • death of tens of millions of Chinese peasants between 1959 and 1962.
slide26

The commune provided all that was needed – including entertainment. Soldiers worked alongside people. The population in a commune was sub-divided. Twelve families formed a work team. Twelve work terms formed a brigade. Each sub-division was given specific work to do. Party members oversaw the work of a commune to ensure that decisions followed the correct party line.

slide27

1960 had even worse weather than 1959. The harvest of 1960 was 144 million tons. 9 million people are thought to have starved to death in 1960 alone; many millions were left desperately ill as a result of a lack of food. The government had to introduce rationing. This put people on the most minimal of food and between 1959 and 1962, it is thought that 20 million people died of starvation or diseases related to starvation.

slide28

By 1959, it was obvious that the Great Leap Forward had been a failure.

Some party members put the blame of the failure of the Great Leap Forward on Mao. He was popular with the people but he still had to resign from his position as Head of State (though he remained in the powerful Party Chairman position).

interactive notebook question left side2
Interactive Notebook Question (Left Side)
  • Think-Pair-Share
    • What do you think would be the drawbacks to living in a Commune?
graphic organizer5
Graphic Organizer

Land Reform

Mass Executions

Mao Zedong

Great Leap Forward

Widespread Famine

cultural revolution
Cultural Revolution
  • With the two unsuccessful changes in the economy and government…what should Mao be worried about?
  • Cultural Revolution

closed schools in China and young intellectuals living in cities were ordered to the countryside and forced to manufacture weapons for the Red Army WHY? What was Mao fearful of?

graphic organizer6
Graphic Organizer

Land Reform

Mass Executions

Mao Zedong

Great Leap Forward

Widespread Famine

Cultural Revolution

Mass Executions

interactive notebook question mao zedong left side
Interactive Notebook Question Mao Zedong (Left Side)
  • Essay (1st-5thperiods)
    • Write a paragraph describing the leadership of Mao and his affect on China.
      • Explain why you think he was successful or not successful.
summarizing activity 1
Summarizing Activity 1
  • On the left side of your INB:
  • Place the following events in chronological order:
    • The Cultural Revolution
    • World War II
    • The Great Leap Forward
    • The Long March
summarizing activity 2
Summarizing Activity 2

On the left side of your INB:

Match the person with their government:

Mao Zedong Chang Kai Shek

Democracy Communist

PRC ROC

summarizing activity 3
Summarizing Activity 3

On the left side of your INB Pick ONE and draw your interpretation of the event:

The Long March

The Great Leap Forward

The Cultural Revlution

summarizing activity 4
Summarizing Activity 4
  • On the left side of your INB:
  • Put the following people in Chronological order
    • Karl Marx Mao Zedong
    • Vladimir Lenin
bibliography
Bibliography

Chaing Kai Shek. EHistory.http://ehistory.osu.edu/index.cfm. December 3, 2007.

A Consice History of China. http://xenohistorian.faithweb.com/china/ch07.html#Top. December 3, 2007.

World War 2 History. http://www.libraries.psu.edu/maps. December 3, 2007

Mao Zedong. http://www.lcsd.k12.wa.us/~kbounds/class.global/4.china/4.PuYi.to.Mao/bio.mao.htm. Janurary 20, 2008.

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