Chapter 11.1 (cont.). Early Industry and Inventions. Image: http://www.cardcow.com/251200/old-slater-mill-first-textile-america-pawtucket-rhode-island/. New manufacturing methods spread. Manufacturing methods/concepts used in textiles spread to other industries.
Chapter 11.1 (cont.)
Early Industry and Inventions
- Claims he can make 10,000 army muskets in 2 years.
- Fails, but does successfully demonstrate the concept of interchangeable parts.
Interchangeable parts revolutionized industry:
Impact: Migration of people from farms to cities.
Work done in factories instead of the homes.
Improved transportation, communication, and production
Inventor: Samuel F.B. Morse
How it works: Sends long and short pulses of electricity along a wire. The pulses were translated into letters spelling out messages (Morse Code).
Impact: Only seconds to communicate with someone in another city.
John Deere – 1st steel-blade plow
(Farming spreads to mid-west)
Andrew Meikle – threshing
machine which separated
kernals of wheat from husks.
Cyrus McCormick – reaper which cut ripe grain quickly and efficient.
Ex. Midwestern farmers grew food to feed northeastern factory workers. Midwestern farmers bought manufactured goods from the east. As more factories were built in the north, their demand for southern cotton increased.
(Downside: Led to expansion of slavery in the South)
Originally invented by an apprentice, but Howe made slight improvements and patented
the machine and made a future.
Safety Pin - 1849
Rubber Band -1845
Game of Basketball
original game that was invented by
him contained soccer balls which had
to be thrown in the peach baskets
with their bottoms closed.
Alexander Graham Bell 1876