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U.S. History 1. The Roaring Twenties Part 1: Postwar Economic Downturn, Red Scare and the Republican Decade. Postwar Economic Downturn. Post-War War-time jobs disappear Less jobs meant more competition Racial/ class tensions Who lost their jobs as soldiers came home?. Labor Unrest.

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u s history 1

U.S. History 1

The Roaring Twenties Part 1: Postwar Economic Downturn, Red Scare and the Republican Decade

postwar economic downturn
Postwar Economic Downturn
  • Post-War
    • War-time jobs disappear
  • Less jobs meant more competition
    • Racial/ class tensions
  • Who lost their jobs as soldiers came home?
labor unrest
Labor Unrest
  • 1919: 4 million workers held 3,600 strikes (wage cuts, long hours, and no overtime pay).
  • State/ federal troops broke strikes
  • Americans sympathized w/ employers
    • Felt strikers were subversive Communists and radicals
  • Most Americans felt unions threatened U.S. stability
russian revolution causes concern in the u s
Russian Revolution Causes Concern in the U.S.
  • Communist Russia, with Lenin in charge, becomes the Soviet Union
  • Soviet Union is openly hostile to American beliefs and values (capitalism, freedom of speech)
  • Lenin pledges to inspire worldwide revolution among the working class
red scare
Red Scare
  • Red Scare = intense fear of communism and its potential spread throughout the U.S.
  • Americans felt Communists were behind labor strikes
palmer raids
Palmer Raids
  • Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer’s conducted Palmer Raids on the headquarters of suspected anarchists, communists, and socialists across America
  • Between 4,000-10,000 suspected radicals were jailed
    • No formal charges made
    • over 600 were deported.
  • Goal of raids was to “purify” and restore peace to the United States
american civil liberties union
American Civil Liberties Union
  • ACLU, formed in 1920, protested the illegal methods and prejudices targeted at foreigners and radicals with the Palmer Raids
  • ACLU would represent the rights of both individuals and minorities whose rights were being violated
  • ACLU had no court victories by 1925
republican decade
Republican Decade
  • 1920’s
    • Republican Presidents
    • Warren G. Harding
    • Calvin Coolidge
    • Herbert Hoover
  • Friendly to big business
  • Laissiezz Faire (Hands off) policy
warren g harding rep 1921 1923
Warren G. Harding (Rep. 1921-1923)
  • Campaign slogan = “a return to normalcy”
  • Isolationism = avoiding alliances with foreign nations
  • Pushed for stronger anti-immigration laws
  • Tea Pot Dome Scandal = corruption involving some of his Cabinet members’ in abuse of power and misuse of federal funds
    • Sec. of Interior illegally sold oil reserves
calvin coolidge rep 1923 1929
Calvin Coolidge (Rep. 1923-1929)
  • “The business of the American people is business”
  • Government should interfere as little as possible with American businesses
  • Policy of isolationism continued
herbert hoover 1929 1933
Herbert Hoover (1929-1933)
  • Most Americans expected the good times of the 1920s would continue
  • Stock Market reached an all-time high in 1929
  • Value of wages had risen by more than 40% since 1914
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