U s history 1
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U.S. History 1. The Roaring Twenties Part 1: Postwar Economic Downturn, Red Scare and the Republican Decade. Postwar Economic Downturn. Post-War War-time jobs disappear Less jobs meant more competition Racial/ class tensions Who lost their jobs as soldiers came home?. Labor Unrest.

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U.S. History 1

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U s history 1

U.S. History 1

The Roaring Twenties Part 1: Postwar Economic Downturn, Red Scare and the Republican Decade


Postwar economic downturn

Postwar Economic Downturn

  • Post-War

    • War-time jobs disappear

  • Less jobs meant more competition

    • Racial/ class tensions

  • Who lost their jobs as soldiers came home?


Labor unrest

Labor Unrest

  • 1919: 4 million workers held 3,600 strikes (wage cuts, long hours, and no overtime pay).

  • State/ federal troops broke strikes

  • Americans sympathized w/ employers

    • Felt strikers were subversive Communists and radicals

  • Most Americans felt unions threatened U.S. stability


Russian revolution causes concern in the u s

Russian Revolution Causes Concern in the U.S.

  • Communist Russia, with Lenin in charge, becomes the Soviet Union

  • Soviet Union is openly hostile to American beliefs and values (capitalism, freedom of speech)

  • Lenin pledges to inspire worldwide revolution among the working class


Red scare

Red Scare

  • Red Scare = intense fear of communism and its potential spread throughout the U.S.

  • Americans felt Communists were behind labor strikes


Palmer raids

Palmer Raids

  • Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer’s conducted Palmer Raids on the headquarters of suspected anarchists, communists, and socialists across America

  • Between 4,000-10,000 suspected radicals were jailed

    • No formal charges made

    • over 600 were deported.

  • Goal of raids was to “purify” and restore peace to the United States


American civil liberties union

American Civil Liberties Union

  • ACLU, formed in 1920, protested the illegal methods and prejudices targeted at foreigners and radicals with the Palmer Raids

  • ACLU would represent the rights of both individuals and minorities whose rights were being violated

  • ACLU had no court victories by 1925


Republican decade

Republican Decade

  • 1920’s

    • Republican Presidents

    • Warren G. Harding

    • Calvin Coolidge

    • Herbert Hoover

  • Friendly to big business

  • Laissiezz Faire (Hands off) policy


Warren g harding rep 1921 1923

Warren G. Harding (Rep. 1921-1923)

  • Campaign slogan = “a return to normalcy”

  • Isolationism = avoiding alliances with foreign nations

  • Pushed for stronger anti-immigration laws

  • Tea Pot Dome Scandal = corruption involving some of his Cabinet members’ in abuse of power and misuse of federal funds

    • Sec. of Interior illegally sold oil reserves


Calvin coolidge rep 1923 1929

Calvin Coolidge (Rep. 1923-1929)

  • “The business of the American people is business”

  • Government should interfere as little as possible with American businesses

  • Policy of isolationism continued


Herbert hoover 1929 1933

Herbert Hoover (1929-1933)

  • Most Americans expected the good times of the 1920s would continue

  • Stock Market reached an all-time high in 1929

  • Value of wages had risen by more than 40% since 1914


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