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This line of "reasoning" is fallacious because pity does not serve as evidence for a claim Just to get a scholarship does not PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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1. Could I receive an A for this class. If I don't get an 'A' I won't get the scholarship that I apply for. Appeal to pity. This line of "reasoning" is fallacious because pity does not serve as evidence for a claim Just to get a scholarship does not justify a person to be given an A –

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This line of "reasoning" is fallacious because pity does not serve as evidence for a claim Just to get a scholarship does not

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This line of reasoning is fallacious because pity does not serve as evidence for a claim just to get a scholarship does not

1. Could I receive an A for this class. If I don't get an 'A' I won't get the scholarship that I apply for

Appeal to pity

This line of "reasoning" is fallacious

because pity does not serve as

evidence for a claim

Just to get a scholarship does not

justify a person to be given an A –

There are other criteria to be considered

Logical Fallacies


This line of reasoning is fallacious because pity does not serve as evidence for a claim just to get a scholarship does not

2. All women in my family love babies. All women love babies

Hasty generalization

Faulty logic – unqualified

A generalization. This fallacy is

committed when a person draws

a conclusion about a population

based on a sample that is not

large enough

Logical Fallacies


This line of reasoning is fallacious because pity does not serve as evidence for a claim just to get a scholarship does not

3. You shouldn’t accept national

health care because it is a socialist idea

Red herring

Switching to another issue to distract

from the main argument. This sort of

"reasoning" is fallacious because

merely changing the topic of

discussion hardly counts as an

argument against a claim.

Logical Fallacies


This line of reasoning is fallacious because pity does not serve as evidence for a claim just to get a scholarship does not

4. In a democracy the people are free because democracies are free countries.

Begging the question

Circular argument

This sort of "reasoning" is fallacious because

simply assuming that the premise is true does not constitute evidence for that conclusion. Democracy = free country = free people. Circular argument with no end.

Logical Fallacies


This line of reasoning is fallacious because pity does not serve as evidence for a claim just to get a scholarship does not

5. The gang members caught by the police last night comprises immigrants from country X. Most immigrants who work in this country have trouble with the law and come from country X where thievery are rampant.

Hasty generalization

Faulty logic – unqualified

Generalization. Making a

judgment based on a small

Sample.

Logical Fallacies


This line of reasoning is fallacious because pity does not serve as evidence for a claim just to get a scholarship does not

6.Ralph Nader was the best candidate

for president, because he was totally

better than any of the others.

Begging the question/

Circular argument

Assumption -- Nader is better than the other candidates, conclusion -- Nader is the best. This sort of "reasoning" is fallacious because simply assuming that the conclusion is true (directly or indirectly) in the premises does not constitute evidence for that conclusion.

Logical Fallacies


This line of reasoning is fallacious because pity does not serve as evidence for a claim just to get a scholarship does not

7. If you don't finish your homework you won't get a good grade.  Then you won't be able to get into the college you want.  You will end up cleaning toilets for a living.

Appeal to fear /scare tactics

It is an appeal to force or threat

instead of trying to convince

someone with facts or a logical

argument

Logical Fallacies


This line of reasoning is fallacious because pity does not serve as evidence for a claim just to get a scholarship does not

8.How could anyone vote for Hilary Clinton for senator?The fact that she is married to Clinton proves that she has no self respect.

Ad hominem

Attacking the person rather than the issue. Ad Hominem" means "against the man" or "against the person.

Ad Hominem is a fallacy because the character,

circumstances, or actions of a person do not (in most cases) have a bearing on the truth of the claim being made (or the quality of the argument being made).

Logical Fallacies


This line of reasoning is fallacious because pity does not serve as evidence for a claim just to get a scholarship does not

9.UFO must exist because no reputable studies have proven conclusively that they do not.

Burden of proof

Shifts the burden of proof to the other party in order to make a claim.

However, no evidence is given to proof that UFO do exist.

Causal fallacy

Logical Fallacies


This line of reasoning is fallacious because pity does not serve as evidence for a claim just to get a scholarship does not

10.If you are beautiful, you could live like this, so buy Buty-EZ and become beautiful.

Appeal to vanity/flattery

Here the appeal is to beautiful people.

This line of "reasoning" is fallacious

because the fact that flattery does not, in general, serve as evidence that the claim is true.

Logical Fallacies


This line of reasoning is fallacious because pity does not serve as evidence for a claim just to get a scholarship does not

11. State the fallacy implied

Logical Fallacies


This line of reasoning is fallacious because pity does not serve as evidence for a claim just to get a scholarship does not

My friends uses Linux because it makes their PC more powerful & stable. My friend uses Linux so must I.

Appeal to number /Bandwagon / peer pressure

Implies something is right because

everybody believes so. This line of

"reasoning" is fallacious because

peer pressure and threat of

rejection do not constitute evidence for rejecting a claim

Logical Fallacies


This line of reasoning is fallacious because pity does not serve as evidence for a claim just to get a scholarship does not

12.We can’t allow students any voice in decision making, if we do, it wont be long before they are in total control

Slippery slope /domino theory

No middle road is given. Assumes that when the first action is taken, it would subsequently follow through to the last. Is this true?

Logical Fallacies


This line of reasoning is fallacious because pity does not serve as evidence for a claim just to get a scholarship does not

13. Women need to be either brilliant or beautiful to survive in this world.

False dilemma (black or white/ either – or)

Include either…or… . Just gives two opposite extremes instead of allowing for other possibilities. Not all women who survive in this world are brilliant or beautiful.

Logical Fallacies


This line of reasoning is fallacious because pity does not serve as evidence for a claim just to get a scholarship does not

14. Those who favor gun-control legislation just want to take all guns away from responsible citizens and put them into the hands of the criminals.

Strawman (oversimplification)

misrepresent an opponent's position to make it easier to attack, usually by distorting his or her views to ridiculous extremes

Logical Fallacies


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