The Good, the Line and the Cave. The Philosopher rulers must know the Good. The good is a motivator. Everyone pursues what they believe to be good. The philosopher kings will know what the good is. They will therefore pursue what really is good. .
The good is a motivator. Everyone pursues what they believe to be good.
The philosopher kings will know what the good is. They will therefore pursue what really is good.
A Pilot can know the art of navigation, and use it to run the ship aground.
Likewise, the mere knowledge of justice is not by itself going to motivate someone to be or produce justice.
The Good is to the intelligible world what the sun is to the visible world
The sun causes visible things to come into existence (grow), and it also provides light so we can see them
The good allows us to “see” , understand, the forms
The good is also the cause of the existence of the forms
How can Plato account for the existence of bad/evil, given that everything derives from The Good.
Injustice may not be real property at all
Just as being blind is the lack of sight, so being bad may be the lack of good.
there is no form of injustice, but there are various ways in which a person or city can deviate from the form of justice, become less like the form.
To interpret reality for us.