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Key Political Leaders and Their Policies in Great Britain. JON, GLEN, JACKIE, ANDREA, NATHALIE. Multi-Party System. Since 1920’s, Great Britain has been a multi-party system due to its two largest political parties: Conservative Party Labour Party

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Key Political Leaders and Their Policies in Great Britain

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Key political leaders and their policies in great britain

Key Political Leaders and Their Policies in Great Britain

JON, GLEN, JACKIE, ANDREA, NATHALIE


Multi party system

Multi-Party System

  • Since 1920’s, Great Britain has been a multi-party system due to its two largest political parties:

    • Conservative Party

    • Labour Party

      • Before the labour party, was the liberal party

  • First-past-the-post system maintains the dominance of these two parties

    • Means that the winner of the election is the one with the most votes, not by majority rules.

  • Now, they rely on the 3rd significant party, the Liberal Democrats


Conservative party right wing

Conservative Party (Right Wing)

  • Also known as the TORIES

  • The Conservative Party was formed around the 1830’s

  • Benjamin Disraeli was the first to transform the Conservative Party

    • Main focus for the political policies was a patriotic potential people’s party

  • AFTER WORLD WAR II

    • Winston Churchill, Sir Anthony Eden, and many other fellow conservatives during this time defended the national traditions and institutions

  • Strived for Economic Liberalization

    • They wanted less control from the gov’t on the economy

      (Free markets, free trade, etc.)

    • Margaret Thatcher was a main motivator for Economic Liberalism


Conservative party

Conservative Party

Party Factions

  • One Nation Conservatives

    • Thatcherism

      • Promotes low inflation, privatization, and not labour movement

      • Closely related to Reaganomics

    • One-Nation Conservatism is a belief in social cohesion, and its adherents support social institutions that maintain harmony between different interest groups

      Free-Market Conservatives

    • Wanted to reduce role of the gov’t in the economy

      Traditionalist Conservatives

    • Traditional Structure


Labour party centre left

Labour Party (Centre-Left)

  • Social Democratic Political Party

  • The Labour Party is a centre ground Political Party, but hold some left wing beliefs such as:

    • Redistribution of Wealth

    • Public Spending

    • Heavy taxation & Increasing Worker’s Rights

      The Labour Party was formed because the unification of many working people wanted to change the British Parliament to represent the interests of everybody

  • Labour Party Prime Ministers

    • Ramsay MacDonald

      • Dealt with the a world economic crisis of rising unemployment

    • Tony Blair

      • Introduced a National Minimum Wage during his term, helped unemployment rates, and education in primary schools

    • Gordon Brown


The liberal democrats radical centre

The Liberal Democrats (Radical Centre)

  • Social Liberal Political Party

    • Supports constitutional reform, electoral reform, progressive taxation, environmentalism, human rights laws, etc.

    • Believe in rebalancing the tax system

  • The Liberal Democrats Party was formed in 1988 as the Liberal Party was merged with the Social Democratic Party

  • The policies of the Liberal Democrats are similar to Liberalism

  • Liberal Democrat Prime Ministers

    • Paddy Ashdown

    • Nick Clegg

  • This significant 3rd party is used to even out the competition and dominance


Key political leaders and their policies in great britain

  • Margaret Thatcher (1979-1990)

    • Became prime minister under Conservative Party

      • Britain was previously under 15 years of inflation, rising unemployment, and having to eat out of the hand of the IMF

      • Won three successive election victories

    • Known as the “Iron Lady” for her opposition to the Soviet Union


Political leaders

Political Leaders

  • Economic Policy

    • Decreased direct taxes on income and increased indirect taxes

    • Increased interest rates to curb inflation

    • Reduced expenditure on social services

    • Inflation reduced from 18% to 8.6% by 1982; overall economic growth (despite unemployment)

    • Privatized many industries, increasing their performance

      • Lower costs for consumers, more efficiency


Key political leaders and their policies in great britain

  • John Major (1990-1997)

    • Became prime minister under Conservative Party

    • Served as prime minister during the Gulf War

    • Was brought down by a series of sleaze scandals

      • Some might argue that his social destruction was planned to push Tony Blair into power


Key political leaders and their policies in great britain

  • Tony Blair (1997-2007)

    • Became Prime Minister under Labour Party

    • Known for support of man-made climate change fraud, the never-ending “War on Terror”, and for the vast sums he netted during his career.


Political leaders1

Political Leaders

  • Tony Blair and Climate Fraud

    • Vehicle for climate change = ‘The Climate Group’

      • Mixture of banking, media, corporate, and advertising executives

      • Extremely well-funded


Political leaders2

Political Leaders

  • Tony Blair and the “War on Terror”

    • In his first 6 years in office he ordered British troops into battle 5 times

      • More than any other prime minister in British history

    • Supported the foreign policy of George Bush

    • Found guilty (along with Bush) of war crimes by a War Crimes Tribunal in Malaysia


Political leaders3

Political Leaders

  • Other interesting facts

    • Gave up part of the rebate won from the EU by Margaret Thatcher

      • Cut it by 20% from 2007 – 2013 (has cost 4 billion pounds as of 2011)

    • Has said that he needs at least 5 million pounds per year to fund his lifestyle

    • Attended 1993 Bilderberg meeting in Athens


Key political leaders and their policies in great britain

  • Gordon Brown (2007-2010)

    • Became prime minister under the New Labour Party

    • Supports the myth of man-made climate change

    • Championed Big Brother and police state

    • Attended the 1991 Bilderberg meeting

    • Contributed to the wrecking of Britain’s economy


Political leaders4

Political Leaders

  • Economic Destruction

    • Sold off more than half of Britain’s gold reserves, after which the price of gold tripled (and has continued to increase)

      • Cost the taxpayers approximately $4.8 billion

    • Pledged to overhaul the IMF

    • Largely blamed for economic recession in Britain


Key political leaders and their policies in great britain

  • David Cameron (2010-present)

    • Fairly new prime minister

    • Elected under Conservative Party

    • Involved in the phone-hacking scandal; employed an ex-News Corp editor into his administration

    • Was in favor of selling off patients’ medical data to private research firms


The royal family

The Royal Family

  • The true power in Britain lies not in the Prime Minister, nor even the Parliament, but in the Royal Family itself.

    • Prime Ministers are not truly elected. The Queen simply “appoints” whoever wins the election.

    • The Queen has suspended or dissolved Parliament multiple times.

  • The Royal Family has also been proven to have Nazi connections

    • Their real name is not the House of Windsor, but actually the House of Sachsen-Coburg and Gotha (German)


Conclusion

Conclusion

  • Britain has multi-century corruption to deal with

  • Prime ministers must be more heavily scrutinized by public

  • Britain must completely pull itself out of bondage to the EU and the IMF if it ever wants to prosper economically

  • The Royal Family must be dealt with


Conclusion1

Conclusion

  • “It is almost universally felt that when we call a country democratic we are praising it; consequently, the defenders of every kind of regime claim that it is a democracy, and fear that they might have to stop using the word if it were tied down to any one meaning.”- George Orwell


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