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Japan Modernizes. Structure. Shoguns- military dictators Daimyo help shoguns control. http://ocw.mit.edu/ans7870/21f/21f.027/rise_fall_canton_04/cw_gal_02_thumb.html. Tokugawa Period. * Feudalism returns * Closed Japan * Forbade overseas travel

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Structure
Structure

Shoguns- military dictators

Daimyo help shoguns control

http://ocw.mit.edu/ans7870/21f/21f.027/rise_fall_canton_04/cw_gal_02_thumb.html


Tokugawa period
Tokugawa Period

* Feudalism returns

* Closed Japan

* Forbade overseas

travel

* Nagasaki- only Dutch allowed limited trade

http://www.japanirelandtravel.ie/download/1/Tokugawa-Period.jpg


Development strains society
Development Strains Society

* Daimyo wealth in land, need $ in commercial society, samurai too

* Merchants- bottom of society

* Peasants- heavy taxes


External pressure
External Pressure

http://www.history.navy.mil/pics/perry_mc_front.jpg


http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/core9/phalsall/images/opium.gifhttp://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/core9/phalsall/images/opium.gif

http://www.tailordave.com/images/Stories/5/2.jpg

http://www.rockpapershotgun.com/images/august07/Shogun3.jpg


http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/core9/phalsall/images/opium.gifhttp://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/core9/phalsall/images/opium.gif

http://www.tailordave.com/images/Stories/5/2.jpg

I remember the Chinese losing to the British.

I don’t want that to happen!

http://www.rockpapershotgun.com/images/august07/Shogun3.jpg


Commodore matthew perry
Commodore Matthew Perryhttp://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/core9/phalsall/images/opium.gif

  • July 1853 sails into Tokyo on Pres. Fillmore’s order

  • Demands Japan open diplomatic & commercial exchange

http://mysite.du.edu/~ttyler/ploughboy/perryphoto.jpg


What to do
What to do?http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/core9/phalsall/images/opium.gif

http://aboutjapan.japansociety.org/resources/category/1/6/2/6/images/BE060529.jpg


Treaty of kanagawa 1854
Treaty of Kanagawa, 1854http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/core9/phalsall/images/opium.gif

  • Open two ports to Americans

  • U.S. later wins other rights

    • Extraterritoriality

    • Low taxes on U.S. imports

    • Euro soon follow too

  • Japanese humiliated

http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/treaty_of_kanagawa/treaty_images.html


http://alumni.ox.compsoc.net/~gemini/simons/historyweb/meiji-resto.htmlhttp://alumni.ox.compsoc.net/~gemini/simons/historyweb/meiji-resto.html


Review copy the question and discuss the answer with a neighbor

Q: What problems weakened shogun rule in Japan mid-1800s?http://alumni.ox.compsoc.net/~gemini/simons/historyweb/meiji-resto.html

Q: What caused Japan to end over 200 years of seclusion?

Review: Copy the question and discuss the answer with a neighbor.


Review copy the question and discuss the answer with a neighbor1

Q: What problems weakened shogun rule in Japan mid-1800s?http://alumni.ox.compsoc.net/~gemini/simons/historyweb/meiji-resto.html

Q: What caused Japan to end over 200 years of seclusion?

A: Financial hardship, social resentment, taxes, corruption

A: A display of power by the U.S.

Review: Copy the question and discuss the answer with a neighbor.


Daimyo samurai lead revolt
Daimyo & samurai lead revolthttp://alumni.ox.compsoc.net/~gemini/simons/historyweb/meiji-resto.html

http://media.photobucket.com/image/tokugawa%20%20daimyo/opiepippo/samurai.jpg


Emperor mutshito meiji
Emperor Mutshito- “Meiji”http://alumni.ox.compsoc.net/~gemini/simons/historyweb/meiji-resto.html

  • 1868- 1912

    • Meiji Restoration

  • “A rich country, a strong military”

  • Study Western ways, adopt to Japan

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Meiji


Modern govt
Modern Govthttp://alumni.ox.compsoc.net/~gemini/simons/historyweb/meiji-resto.html

  • 1889- Meiji Const.

  • Emperor- abs pwr

  • Diet- Legislature

    • Elected house

    • House appointed by emperor

  • Lmtd voting

  • End samurai- all men subject to military

http://ocw.mit.edu/ans7870/21f/21f.027/throwing_off_asia_01/toa_essay02.html


Industrialization
Industrializationhttp://alumni.ox.compsoc.net/~gemini/simons/historyweb/meiji-resto.html

  • Modernize

  • Gov build factory & sell to wealthy to develop

  • Zaibatsu- banking/industry families

  • Pop grows, cities too

  • Homogenous society emerges


Sino japanese war
Sino- Japanese Warhttp://alumni.ox.compsoc.net/~gemini/simons/historyweb/meiji-resto.html

1894

  • China- more resources

  • Japan- modernized

  • Japan wins

    • Gets control of Taiwan from China

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Sino-Japanese_War


Korea in the middle
Korea in the Middlehttp://alumni.ox.compsoc.net/~gemini/simons/historyweb/meiji-resto.html

  • Tributary state (independent, but acknowledges supremacy of stronger state-China)

  • Japan eyes Korea

    • Forces K to open ports to Japan

http://www.worldtimelines.org.uk/resources/assets//M/ms_korea_4776.gif


Russo japanese war
Russo- Japanese Warhttp://alumni.ox.compsoc.net/~gemini/simons/historyweb/meiji-resto.html

http://www.shs.d211.org/socialstudies/faculty/hxm/Russo_japanese_cartoons%5B1%5D.jpg


Russo japanese war 1904
Russo-Japanese War, 1904http://alumni.ox.compsoc.net/~gemini/simons/historyweb/meiji-resto.html

  • Japan defeats Russians in Manchuria

  • Asian beats Euro!

http://www.warchat.org/pictures/russo-japanese_war.jpg


This political cartoon, intended for foreign distribution, was published by Japan a month after the start of the war. Entitled "A Humorous Diplomatic Atlas of Europe and Asia," it depicts Russia as a "black octopus."

http://www.bigredhair.com/boilerplate/soldier/bp.octopus.tn.jpg


Treaty of portsmouth
Treaty of Portsmouth was published by Japan a month after the start of the war. Entitled "A Humorous Diplomatic Atlas of Europe and Asia," it depicts Russia as a "black octopus."

  • Japan controls Korea & Manchuria

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Portsmouth


Japan rules korea
Japan Rules Korea was published by Japan a month after the start of the war. Entitled "A Humorous Diplomatic Atlas of Europe and Asia," it depicts Russia as a "black octopus."

  • Protectorate – annex

  • Developed

  • Harsh rule

  • Protest/nationalist mvmt

    • March First Movement (est. 1919)

  • Early 1900s- Japan dominates Asia


Review copy the question and discuss the answer with a neighbor2

Q: List three ways in which Japan modernized. Explain how each of these actions helped strengthen Japan so it could resist Western pressure.

Review: Copy the question and discuss the answer with a neighbor.


Review copy the question and discuss the answer with a neighbor3

A1: Japan est a Western-style govt each of these actions helped strengthen Japan so it could resist Western pressure.

This strengthened the military

Q: List three ways in which Japan modernized. Explain how each of these actions helped strengthen Japan so it could resist Western pressure.

Review: Copy the question and discuss the answer with a neighbor.


Review copy the question and discuss the answer with a neighbor4

A2: Japan built modern factories each of these actions helped strengthen Japan so it could resist Western pressure.

This boosted the economy

Q: List three ways in which Japan modernized. Explain how each of these actions helped strengthen Japan so it could resist Western pressure.

Review: Copy the question and discuss the answer with a neighbor.


Review copy the question and discuss the answer with a neighbor5

A3: Japan ended legal distinctions among classes each of these actions helped strengthen Japan so it could resist Western pressure.

This allowed more people to work toward nation-building

Q: List three ways in which Japan modernized. Explain how each of these actions helped strengthen Japan so it could resist Western pressure.

Review: Copy the question and discuss the answer with a neighbor.


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