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AFRICA SUMMATIVE TEST REVIEW . 1. . Diversify = To give variety to (to add different things to something)

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AFRICA SUMMATIVE

TEST REVIEW


1.

  • Diversify = To give variety to (to add different things to something)

  • African countries have SPECIALIZED ECONOMIES, depending on one thing, meaning that if the price falls for that one product their economy will be hurt. If they DIVESIFY then they will have many products and the fall in price of one will not hurt their economy as much.

  • *Think Detroit and the Auto Industry


2.

  • FARMING


3.

  • FARMING AND MINING


4.

  • Cash Crop is a product grown to be sold or exported (not eaten by the farmer)

  • COFFEE CACAO and TEA are 3 major CASH CROPS


5.

  • ZAMBEZI RIVER

  • NILE RIVER

  • NIGER RIVER

  • CONGO RIVER


6.

  • North Africa

  • South/Central Africa

  • East Africa

  • West Africa


7.

  • Nile in Egypt (NE)

  • Congo in central Africa on the west side

  • Niger River in West Africa (Nigeria)

  • Zambezi in the southeast


8.

  • DISTANCE FROM THE EQUATER

  • ELEVATION

  • NEARNESS TO LARGEBODIES OF WATER and LANDFORMS

  • Wind.


9.

  • Savanna


10.

  • The SAHARA DESERT in North AFRICA


11.

  • It has many Mountains


12.

  • The African Slave Trade was the sale of human beings from Africa to be brought to the Americas to work on plantations.

  • It started in the 1500’s

  • Tore West African Families apart

  • Decreased West Africa’s population

  • Made many slave traders/Europeans wealthy

  • Kept ethnic groups in Africa apart because they did not trust one another for fear of getting sold into slavery.


13

  • Salt and Gold


14.

  • EXPOSURE to other Countries by TRADE

  • Large populations of Christians and Muslims, and followers of African Religions

  • Many different languages

  • And many different cultures and ethnic groups


15

  • Trade and Conquest by the Arabs


16.

  • ISLAM

  • ARABIC language


17

  • Prayer- 5 TIME A DAY

  • Fasting during Ramadan

  • Almsgiving

  • Pilgrimage to Mecca

  • Declaration of faith


18.

  • Fast (not eat from dusk until dawn)


19.

  • Moving from rural to urban areas (from villages to cities)


20.

  • To find better Jobs and Education


21.

  • The process in which fertile land becomes unable to be used for farming


22.

  • OVERGRAZING and DROUGHT


21.

  • Spain, Britain, Portugal, France, Germany and Belgium


24

  • There are thousands of languages in Africa.

  • Swahili, Arabic, and English are important languages in Africa (brought/influenced by other cultures)

  • Many Africans can speak more than one language (business languages and family languages)


25.

  • ETHNIC DIVERSITY

  • MANY LANGUAGES

  • CULTURES THAT TRADED THINGS leading to CULTURAL DIFFUSION


26.

  • LOGGING and DEFORESTION


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