Sectionalism and the national economy 1816 1840
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Sectionalism and the National Economy (1816-1840). Henry Clay's American System. Second National Bank voted by Congress in 1816. Dependence on Europe’s economy and politics have now decreased significantly. Tariff of 1816. Purpose? First protective tariff in U.S. History

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Sectionalism and the National Economy (1816-1840)

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Sectionalism and the national economy 1816 1840

Sectionalism and the National Economy (1816-1840)


Henry clay s american system

Henry Clay's American System

  • Second National Bank voted by Congress in 1816.

  • Dependence on Europe’s economy and politics have now decreased significantly.


Tariff of 1816

Tariff of 1816

  • Purpose?

  • First protective tariff in U.S. History

  • Started a protective trend in U.S. trade

  • Calhoun vs. Webster vs. Clay


Internal improvements

Internal Improvements

  • Bonus Bill

  • Jeffersonians opposed direct federal support of intrastate internal improvements; saw it as a states’ rights issue

  • Prior to Civil War, most internal improvements (except railroads) were done at the expense of state and local governments


Era of good feelings

Era of Good Feelings

  • James Monroe elected President

  • Continued VA Dynasty

  • Carried out most of the ideals Jefferson established. (Hamilton’s financial plan, expansion, loose construction in certain cases)


Era of good feelings1

Era of Good Feelings

  • Emerging sectionalism (east, west and south)

  • Tariff issue (east and south opposed; west in favor)

  • Internal improvements (east and south opposed; west in favor)

  • Bank of U.S. (BUS) (west and south opposed; eastern bankers in favor)

  • Sale of public lands (east opposed; west and south in favor)

  • Panic of 1819 resulted in western hostility toward eastern bankers.

  • Issue of slavery in Missouri created increased sectionalism (north vs. south)

  • Republican party enjoying 1-party rule began developing factions eventually leading to the 2nd Party System in the 1830s.


Panic of 1819

Panic of 1819

  • Economic panic and depression

  • Causes

  • Results

  • Monroe reelected in 1820 with all but one electoral vote… Only president in history to be elected after a major panic.


The growing west

The Growing West

  • New states' characteristics

  • Maintaining a sectional balance in Congress was a supreme goal.

  • Reasons for westward expansion

  • Western Population and influence


Missouri compromise

Missouri Compromise

  • Missouri asked Congress to enter the union in 1819

  • Tallmadge Amendment- The Senate refused to pass the amendment and a crisis hung over the nation.

  • Provisions

  • Balance of Free and Slave states


Missouri compromise1

Missouri Compromise


John marshall

John Marshall

  • His decisions greatly increased power of the federal government over the states.

  • Fletcher v. Peck (1810)

  • McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)

  • Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819)

  • Gibbons v. Ogden -- 1824


Mcculloch v maryland

McCulloch v. Maryland

  • 1819

  • Second National Bank of the United States decision upheld the power of Congress to charter a bank as a government agency

  • Denied the state the power to tax that agency.

  • Upheld the power of the federal government over that of the states as well


Gibbons vs ogden

Gibbons vs. Ogden

  • 1824

  • NY tried to grant a monopoly of river commerce btwn NY/NJ to a private company.

  • This case ruled that only the federal government has authority over interstate commerce.

  • No state monopolies!


Foreign policy after the war of 1812

Foreign Policy after the War of 1812

  • Rush-Bagot Treaty

  • Treaty of 1818

  • U.S. gains Spanish Florida-Jackson and First Seminole war

  • Monroe Doctrine


Rush bagot treaty

Rush Bagot Treaty

  • 1817

  • Madison still in office

  • Significantly limited naval armament on the Great Lakes


Treaty of 1818

Treaty of 1818

  • Made with Britain

  • John Quincy Adams

  • Secretary of State

  • American Canadian Border, Oregon Territory


Acquisition of florida

Acquisition of Florida

  • First Seminole War (1816-1818)

  • Andrew Jackson sweeps through Florida and captures Spanish cities. (Disobeyed direct orders from Monroe)

  • John Q. Adams and Monroe Ultimatum

  • Adams-Onis Treaty of 1819


Monroe doctrine

Monroe Doctrine

  • Written by J.Q.A.

  • Leave America Alone!

  • U.S. would regard attempts at European control in the Americas as a personal threat.

  • Europe should no longer colonize the American continents.

  • U.S. would not interfere in European affairs.


Impacts of the monroe doctrine

Impacts of the Monroe Doctrine

  • Immediate impact of Monroe Doctrine was small

  • Long Term Impact: Monroe doctrine became cornerstone of US foreign policy during the last half of the 19th century and throughout the 20th century.

  • J.Q.A. becomes the most significant secretary of state.


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