Supplemental needs trusts
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Supplemental Needs Trusts. Presented by Larry R. Rivkin on behalf of CVLS May 20, 2008. Public Benefit Programs. Exempt Assets. $2,000 Homestead property Personal effects and household goods Motor vehicle Life insurance (with restrictions) Burial funds and burial space

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Supplemental needs trusts

Supplemental Needs Trusts

Presented by

Larry R. Rivkin

on behalf of CVLS

May 20, 2008


Public benefit programs

Public Benefit Programs

Supplemental Needs Trusts

May 20, 2008


Exempt assets

Exempt Assets

  • $2,000

  • Homestead property

  • Personal effects and household goods

  • Motor vehicle

  • Life insurance (with restrictions)

  • Burial funds and burial space

  • Self-support resources

Supplemental Needs Trusts

May 20, 2008


Supplemental needs trusts

Historical Choices

  • Lose benefits

  • Disinherit child

Supplemental Needs Trusts

May 20, 2008


Trust solution for t hird party funds

Trust Solution for Third-Party Funds

760 ILCS 5/15.1 (Sept. 1991)

  • Authorizes SNTs for funds outside disabled person’s control

  • Trust assets exempt

  • No government reimbursement at death

  • Created by anyone except the disabled person

Supplemental Needs Trusts

May 20, 2008


Trust solution for disabled person s funds

Trust Solution for Disabled Person’s Funds

OBRA Payback Trust (d-4-A Trust) (Aug. 1993)

  • Authorizes SNTs for funds in control ofdisabled person under 65

  • Created by parent, grandparent, legal guardian,or court

  • Trust assets exempt during life

  • Government reimbursement at death

Supplemental Needs Trusts

May 20, 2008


Alternative to free standing trust

Alternative to Free-standing Trust

Pooled Trust (d-4-C Trust) (Aug. 1993)

  • Funds pooled for management purposes under common trust agreement with joinder

  • No age requirement

  • Created by disabled person, parent, grandparent, legal guardian, or court

  • Trust assets exempt during life

  • Government reimbursement at death

  • Factors to consider

    • Account minimums

    • Trustee of pooled trust may retain investment control

    • Some pooled trusts dictate disposition of assets after disabled person’s death and government reimbursement

    • Fees

Supplemental Needs Trusts

May 20, 2008


Examples of il pooled trusts see handout

Examples of IL Pooled Trusts(see handout)

  • Illinois Disability Pooled Trust

  • Options for Living

  • Life’s Plan

Supplemental Needs Trusts

May 20, 2008


Primary terms of supplemental needs trust

Primary Terms ofSupplemental Needs Trust

  • Make trust irrevocable but give limited power to amend to comply with law

  • Express grantor’s intent

  • Limit distributions

    • For “supplemental needs” only

    • In trustee’s sole discretion (no standards)

    • To providers of goods and services - not to disabled person

(Continued … )

Supplemental Needs Trusts

May 20, 2008


Primary terms of supplemental needs trust cont d

Primary Terms ofSupplemental Needs Trust (cont’d)

  • Avoid distributions for food or shelter until all benefits are exhausted (will reduce SSI)

  • Name trustees and successor trustees

  • Remainder beneficiaries at death (after Medicaid reimbursement for d-4-A trust)

  • Parents can be trustees and remainder beneficiaries if they have no estate tax exposure and if they are not trying to qualify for public benefits themselves

Supplemental Needs Trusts

May 20, 2008


Timing of trust creation and funding

Timing of Trust Creation and Funding

  • When to create SNT?

    • As soon as present or future need is anticipated

  • When to fund SNT?

    • 15.1 – usually at death of parent, grandparent, or other family member or close friend

    • d-4-A –

      • Prior to disabled person’s application for SSI or Medicaid if disabled person has over $2,000 of assets without spend down opportunities

      • Thereafter if disabled person receives assets

  • How much to fund SNT???

Supplemental Needs Trusts

May 20, 2008


Coordination with other estate planning documents

Coordination with Other Estate Planning Documents

  • Critical to update

    • Wills of parents, grandparents, etc.

    • Insurance and retirement plan beneficiary designations

  • So that no assets pass directly to disabled child; all assets for disabled child should be allocated to SNT

Supplemental Needs Trusts

May 20, 2008


Common drafting issues

Common Drafting Issues

  • Stand-alone SNTs preferred to embedding SNT in a will or revocable living trust

  • Disabled person should not:

    • Be a beneficiary of a one-pot trust (such as a family trust) that has multiple beneficiaries

    • Have withdrawal rights over an ILIT

  • Termination – recommend avoiding kick-out provision

  • Provisions when grantor might also qualify for Medicaid or SSI

Supplemental Needs Trusts

May 20, 2008


Government resources

Government Resources

  • Social Security Administration – Administers SSI Program (www.ssa.gov)

  • Department of Healthcare and Family Services – Administers Medicaid Program in IL (www.hfs.illinois.gov)

Supplemental Needs Trusts

May 20, 2008


Local private resources

Local Private Resources

  • Protected Tomorrows (www.protectedtomorrows.com)

    • Life care planning , service coordination, and advocacy

    • SSI and Medicaid eligibility planning

  • Family Benefit Solutions (www.familybenefitsolutions.com)

    • SSI and Medicaid eligibility planning

  • PACT, Inc. (www.pactinc.net)

    • Life care planning, service coordination, and advocacy

    • Trusteeship

  • Life Care Innovations (www.lcius.com)

    • Life care planning, service coordination, and advocacy

Supplemental Needs Trusts

May 20, 2008


Sample family situation

Sample Family Situation

  • Family Members

    • Mom and dad

    • Three children – one with severe CP

    • Grandparents

  • Assets

    • Equity in home

    • 401(k)’s

    • Life insurance

    • Child with CP has own assets from gift or settlement

Supplemental Needs Trusts

May 20, 2008


Conclusion

Conclusion

  • Be conservative!

  • Review sample forms

  • Questions

Supplemental Needs Trusts

May 20, 2008


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