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Islam Spreads. Abu Bakr. Caliph: "successor to the Prophet" Abu Bakr - successor to Muhammad Battle of tours- stopped further advancement of Islam into Europe. Abu Bakr. Treatment of the Conquered Did not require conversion to Islam Muslims in Europe

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Abu bakr
Abu Bakr

  • Caliph: "successor to the Prophet"

  • Abu Bakr- successor to Muhammad

  • Battle of tours- stopped further advancement of Islam into Europe


Abu bakr1
Abu Bakr

  • Treatment of the Conquered

    • Did not require conversion to Islam

  • Muslims in Europe

    • Muslims, Christians and Jews – all monotheistic


Movements within islam
Movements within Islam

  • Division over Successor

    • Sunni agreed to accept Muawiyah as caliph

    • Shiites insisted that only Ali’s descendants should be caliphs

      • Schism- a division or a split 90% of Muslims are Sunni

    • Sufi- Muslim mystics


Empire of the caliphs
Empire of the Caliphs

  • Umayyad Family

    • Problems:

      • adapting from desert to city life

      • contention between rich & poor

      • Shiites hate Umayyads


Empire of the caliphs1
Empire of the Caliphs

  • Abbasid Dynasty

    • Golden Age of the Middle East

    • Ended Arab dominance

      • Killed off the Umayyad family


Empire of the caliphs2
Empire of the Caliphs

  • Baghdad

    • Becomes new capital with greater size & wealth than Constantinople

    • Minaret- Slender tower of a mosque


Decline of the caliphate
Decline of the Caliphate

  • 900-1400: Invaders

    • Seljuk Turks

      • Sultan: Turkish ruler

    • Genghis Khan first to lead Mongols into Middle East

    • Convert to Islam


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