Origins of the Cold War and Containment

Origins of the Cold War and Containment PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Winston Churchill . In 1946, Winston Churchill delivered his "Iron Curtain" speech.Although today it is regarded as one of the most influential speeches of the period, the speech was not well received at the time. Some thought Churchill was seeking an Anglo-Saxon alliance against the Soviet Union

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Origins of the Cold War and Containment

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1. Origins of the Cold War and Containment

2. Winston Churchill In 1946, Winston Churchill delivered his "Iron Curtain" speech. Although today it is regarded as one of the most influential speeches of the period, the speech was not well received at the time. Some thought Churchill was seeking an Anglo-Saxon alliance against the Soviet Union -- something the general American public felt unnecessary at the time.

3. George Kennan

4. Truman Doctrine Truman stressed the duty of the United States to combat totalitarian regimes worldwide. His March 12, 1947 speech specifically called for $400 million in aid to be delivered to Greece and Turkey. The Doctrine shifted American foreign policy as regards the Soviet Union from Détente to, as George F. Kennan phrased it, a policy of containment of Soviet expansion. Historians often use it to mark the starting date of the Cold War.

5. The Marshall Plan The Marshall Plan was proposed to help Europe begin its ascent from the ashes of World War II. The Plan took root in the Economic Cooperation Administration (ECA) created by Congress in April, 1948. Its official title was the European Recovery Program.

6. NATO Treaty and Warsaw Pact The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was established as an international organization for defense collaboration established in 1949 which attempted to align nations opposed to Soviet expansion. Similarly, the Warsaw Pact was signed by eastern European nations in an effort to combat western alliances.

7. Cold War Maps

9. Multimedia Citations Slide 2: http://www.24hourmuseum.org.uk/chg/content/images/2005_1053.JPG Slide 3: http://media.npr.org/news/images/2005/mar/18/george_kennan150.jpg Slide 4: http://claver.gprep.org/fac/sjochs//truman1.jpg Slide 5: http://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/2/24/300px-Marshall_Plan.png Slide 6: http://www.worldstats.org/continents/europe/maps/history_6.gif Slide 7: http://users.erols.com/mwhite28/coldwar1.htm Slide 8: http://users.erols.com/mwhite28/coldwar1.htm

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