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SHORT STORIES. What is a Short Story ?. A fictional prose narrative that is from about five to twenty book pages long. Short stories are more limited than novels. They usually have one or two major characters and one setting. Short Story Elements. Setting Characters Plot Mood

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what is a short story
What is a Short Story ?
  • A fictional prose narrative that is from about five to twenty book pages long.
  • Short stories are more limited than novels.
  • They usually have one or two major characters and one setting.
short story elements
Short Story Elements
  • Setting
  • Characters
  • Plot
  • Mood
  • Point of View
  • Theme

Short Story Elements

setting
Setting
  • The time and place of a story, a poem, or a play
  • Helps the reader paint a vivid picture in their minds
  • Brings the conflict and the mood into sharp focus
  • Often limited to one or two scenes in a short story
characters
Characters
  • A person or an animal in a story, play, or other literary work
  • Short stories only have a few characters (usually 1 – 4)
  • Short stories usually only have one main character
  • Protagonist – main character (good guy)
  • Antagonist – opposing character or force (bad guy)
characterization
Characterization
  • Direct characterization – Writer tells you what the characters are like through description
  • Indirect characterization – Writer shows you what the characters are like through their thoughts, their speech, their actions, and the reactions of other characters to them
slide7
Plot
  • The series of related events that make up the story
  • Usually uncomplicated and simple in a short story
  • Plot line has five parts:

- Exposition

- Rising Action

- Climax

- Falling Action- Resolution

Climax

Rising Action

Falling Action

Exposition

Resolution

exposition
Exposition
  • Introduction of characters and setting of story
  • Hooks the reader
rising action
Rising Action
  • Introduces problem or conflict of the story
  • Tells us what the protagonist (main character) is facing
types of conflict
Types of conflict
  • Man vs. Man – involves the main character and another character in the story
  • Man vs. society – main character faces problem involving something in the society (i.e. racism)
  • Man vs. Himself – main character has an internal struggle inside him/herself
  • Man vs. Nature – main character struggles with some natural force (i.e. tornado, harsh climate, etc.)
climax
Climax
  • The point in the story where tension is the greatest
  • Highest point of interest
falling action
Falling Action
  • Events that lead to the end “resolution” of the story
resolution
Resolution
  • All the problems are resolved, or worked out – happily or unhappily.
slide14
Mood
  • Feeling or emotion you get from a story

- scary, strange, suspenseful, hopeful, easy, comfortable, desperate, relaxing, etc.

  • Usually developed by description and/or dialogue
point of view
Point of View
  • The angle from which the events are told
  • The point of view from which a writer chooses to have a story told affects your impression of the characters and events
point of view1
Point of View
  • First-person point of view – the narrator is the “I” telling the story

- I, me, my

  • Third-person point of view – story told by an outside observer

- she, he, they, them

theme
Theme
  • An idea about life revealed in a work of literature
  • Has to be expressed in a full sentence
  • Usually not stated in the work
  • The reader has to infer what it is
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