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Sentence Structure. Sentence Structure. Helps vary your sentence length and syntax so all your sentences aren’t the same type and length when you write Four Types Simple Compound Complex Compound-Complex. Simple Sentence Structure.

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Sentence Structure

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Sentence Structure


Sentence Structure

  • Helps vary your sentence length and syntax so all your sentences aren’t the same type and length when you write

  • Four Types

    • Simple

    • Compound

    • Complex

    • Compound-Complex


Simple Sentence Structure

  • Has one independent clause (IC) & no dependent clauses (DC)

  • Simple doesn’t necessarily mean they are uncomplicated

    • They may contain many different phrases or grammatical structures in the one IC

      Example: Q and Mr. Briscoe, two male teachers at PFHS, have kids and enjoy spending time with them.


Compound Sentence Structure

  • Two or more independent clauses (IC)

  • ICs are joined together by:

    • Comma (,) + coordinating conjunction (FANBOYS)

    • Semicolon (;)

    • Semicolon (;) + conjunctive adverb (however, although, therefore)

  • They do not contain any dependent clauses (DC)

    Example: Harry Potter is a great selling book, yet the movie may be even more successful.

IC

IC


Complex Sentence Structure

  • One independent clause (IC)

  • One or more dependent clauses (DC)

    Example: Even though he is a successful rapper, Kanye West is not the best hip hop artist of all time.

DC

IC


Compound-Complex Sentence Structure

  • Two or more independent clauses (IC)

  • One or more dependent clauses (DC)

    Example: We haven’t had a lot of rain this fall; therefore the leaves are brighter in color because water keeps plants green.

IC

IC

DC


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