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TOPIC. FERTILIZER APPLICATION AT DIDA IN THE ATWIMAKWANWOMA DISTRICT IN THE ASHANTI REGION. OBJECTIVES. We the members of group 5b intend to educate farmers on how to improve the fertility of soil through fertilizer application.

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Topic

TOPIC

FERTILIZER APPLICATION AT DIDA IN THE ATWIMAKWANWOMA DISTRICT IN THE ASHANTI REGION


Objectives

OBJECTIVES

  • We the members of group 5b intend to educate farmers on how to improve the fertility of soil through fertilizer application.

  • Also to help the farmers through non formal education and practical application of fertilizer.


Definition

DEFINITION

FERTILIZER: Is any material, organic or inorganic, natural or synthetic, that supplies with the necessary nutrients in their right proportion for plant growth and optimum yield.


Types of fertilizers

TYPES OF FERTILIZERS

  • INORGANIC

  • ORGANIC


Inorganic

INORGANIC

These are fertilizers that are manufactured from inorganic materials.

  • They are sometimes called chemical or commercial fertilizer. Examples include: NPK, urea, super phosphate etc.


Organic

ORGANIC

These are fertilizer that are obtain from living source. That means they are obtain from plant and animal source. Examples include compost, farm yard manure etc.


Methods of fertilizer application

METHODS OF FERTILIZER APPLICATION

BROADCASTING

This is the spreading fertilizer evenly on the field.


Ring placement

RING PLACEMENT

This is where fertilizer is applied around the base of a plant 5cm away.


Side dressing

SIDE DRESSING

This involves the application of fertilizer to the soil on one or both sides of plant


Top dressing

TOP DRESSING

  • This method is applicable to liquid fertilizer, the liquid fertilizer is sprayed onto growing crops with a standard sprayer or a watering can.


Factors that lead to lost of soil fertility

FACTORS THAT LEAD TO LOST OF SOIL FERTILITY

  • Leaching

  • Bush burning

  • Soil erosion

  • Over grazing


Soil fertility can be improve through the following

SOIL FERTILITY CAN BE IMPROVE THROUGH THE FOLLOWING

  • Fertilizer application

  • Cover cropping

  • Practicing crop rotation

  • Mulching


Factors that improve the fertility of the soil

FACTORS THAT IMPROVE THE FERTILITY OF THE SOIL

  • Allowing the land to undergo fallow period

  • Mulching to prevent erosion

  • Fertilizer application

  • By practicing crop rotation.

  • Cover cropping+


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