Aircraft rescue and firefighting l.jpg
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 59

Aircraft Rescue and Firefighting PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 910 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Aircraft Rescue and Firefighting. Operations . Chief Jay Shanley Orlando Sanford International Airport. ARFF Operations. Staffing Levels ARFF Index Determination ARFF Capabilities ALERT Levels Planned Response What to Expect from ARFF Services In-Flight Medical

Download Presentation

Aircraft Rescue and Firefighting

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Aircraft rescue and firefighting l.jpg

Aircraft Rescue and Firefighting

Operations

Chief Jay Shanley

Orlando Sanford International Airport

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Arff operations l.jpg

ARFF Operations

  • Staffing Levels

  • ARFF Index Determination

  • ARFF Capabilities

  • ALERT Levels

  • Planned Response

  • What to Expect from ARFF Services

  • In-Flight Medical

  • Water Rescue Operations

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Arff communications l.jpg

ARFF Communications

  • Video Presentation on DEF

  • Letter of Agreement w/ Tower

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Staffing levels l.jpg

Staffing Levels

  • Vary from Airport to Airport

  • Minimum--- One FF per Vehicle

  • Maximum--- Three FF per vehicle

  • Even Largest Airports only have 5-10 directly assigned to ARFF Duties

  • Economics drive staffing levels

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Arff index determination l.jpg

ARFF Index Determination

  • 14 CFR 139.315 determines Index by length of Air Carrier and Average Daily Departures

  • Index A = Aircraft less than 90 feet

  • Index B = Aircraft between 90 and 126 feet

  • Index C = Aircraft between 126 and 159 feet

  • Index D = Aircraft between 159 and 200 feet

  • Index E = Aircraft greater then 200 feet

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Arff index determination6 l.jpg

ARFF Index Determination

Index A = Aircraft less than 90 feet

One Vehicle carrying at least:

500 lbs. Sodium-based dry chemical or

450 lbs. Potassium-based dry chemical and

Water with quantity of foam to make 100 gallons of finished product for simultaneous discharge of dry chemical and AFFF Foam application

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Slide7 l.jpg

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Arff index determination8 l.jpg

ARFF Index Determination

Index B = Aircraft between 90 and 126 feet

One or Two vehicles with Dry chemical as in Index A and 1500 gallons Water / Foam

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Slide9 l.jpg

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Arff index determination10 l.jpg

ARFF Index Determination

Index C = Aircraft between 126 and 159 feet

Two or Three Vehicles

One with dry chemical as in Index A and 3000 gallons of Water / Foam

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Slide11 l.jpg

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Arff index determination12 l.jpg

ARFF Index Determination

Index D = Aircraft between 159 and 200 feet

Three Vehicles

One with dry chemical as in Index A and 4000 gallons of Water / Foam

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Slide13 l.jpg

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Arff index determination14 l.jpg

ARFF Index Determination

Index E = Aircraft 200 feet and Longer

Three Vehicles

One with dry chemical as in Index A and 6000 gallons of Water / Foam

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Slide15 l.jpg

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Alert levels l.jpg

ALERT LEVELS

  • Common terminology Nationwide

  • Alert 1

  • Alert 2

  • Alert 3

  • Some indicate aircraft size by phonetics

  • Alert 1-A

  • Alert 1-B

  • Alert 1-C

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Alert levels17 l.jpg

ALERT LEVELS

  • ALERT 1 = Minor malfunctions that Don’t constitute threat to aircraft or passengers

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Alert levels18 l.jpg

ALERT LEVELS

  • ALERT 1 = Minor malfunctions that Don’t constitute threat to aircraft or passengers

  • ALERT 2 = Situations if not contained WILL endanger aircraft and passengers

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Slide19 l.jpg

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Alert levels20 l.jpg

ALERT LEVELS

  • ALERT 1 = Minor malfunctions that Don’t constitute threat to aircraft or passengers

  • ALERT 2 = Situations if not contained WILL endanger aircraft and passengers

  • ALERT 3 = Imminent or actual crash of an aircraft on or near the Airport

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Slide21 l.jpg

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Planned response l.jpg

Planned Response

  • Assign duties and responsibilities

  • Plan for mutual Aid, pre-assign

  • Plan for evidence preservation

  • Train routinely to include tabletop and full exercises.

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Planned response23 l.jpg

Planned Response

  • Response is broken into six different escalating levels in a matrix

  • Three ALERT levels, 1,2,and 3

  • Three INDEX levels, A,B and C

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Anticipated response during an index a alert 3 incident l.jpg

Anticipated Response during an Index A - ALERT 3 Incident

  • Aircraft less than 90 feet

  • Passengers level between 1-9

  • Complete ARFF Response

  • 3 – ALS Rescues Units 2- NON Emergency

  • 1 – Battalion Chief

  • 1 – Engine Company

  • 1 – Tanker

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Anticipated response during an index b alert 3 incident l.jpg

Anticipated Response during an Index B - ALERT 3 Incident

  • Aircraft between 90 and 126 feet

  • Passengers level between 10 - 49

  • Complete ARFF Response

  • 3 – ALS Rescues Units All Emergency

  • 2 – Battalion Chief

  • 2 – Engine Company

  • 1 – Tanker

  • 1 – Tower Truck

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Anticipated response during an index c alert 3 incident l.jpg

Anticipated Response during an Index C - ALERT 3 Incident

  • Aircraft between 126 and 159 feet

  • Passengers level 50 and above

  • Complete ARFF Response

  • 3 – ALS Rescues Units All Emergency

  • 2 – Battalion Chief

  • 2 – Engine Company

  • 2 – Tanker

  • 2 – Tower Truck

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Slide27 l.jpg

What to Expect

from ARFF

Rapid, Professional, Courteous

Response to ALL calls for

Assistance.

Don’t Hesitate to activate the

Emergency System.

Ask to activate the DEF and

advise Flight Crew of critical

info helpful to effective

decision making

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


What to expect from arff l.jpg

What to expect from ARFF

  • If time permits ARFF will be at Predetermined Standby Locations for each Runway

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Slide29 l.jpg

9L-27R

9C-27C

18-36

9R-27L

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


What to expect from arff30 l.jpg

What to expect from ARFF

  • If time permits ARFF will be at Predetermined Standby Locations for each Runway

  • If significant problem i.e.: Fire, Smoke expect ARFF truck to meet you Head-On after you have ceased movement.

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Slide31 l.jpg

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


What to expect from arff32 l.jpg

What to expect from ARFF

  • If time permits ARFF will be at Predetermined Standby Locations for each Runway

  • If significant problem i.e.: Fire, Smoke expect ARFF truck to meet you Head-On after you have ceased movement.

  • Expect a AFFF Foam Blanket Application

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Slide33 l.jpg

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


What to expect from arff34 l.jpg

What to expect from ARFF

  • If time permits ARFF will be at Predetermined Standby Locations for each Runway

  • If significant problem i.e.: Fire, Smoke expect ARFF truck to meet you Head-On after you have ceased movement.

  • Expect a AFFF Foam Blanket Application

  • Expect Rescue if Incapacitated

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Slide35 l.jpg

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


After rescue l.jpg

AFTER RESCUE

  • Begin triage of victims

  • Establish Treatment Areas

  • Arrange for Transportation

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Triage l.jpg

TRIAGE

  • Victim/Patient Sorting

  • 1 minute or less w/patient

  • Categorize into 4 groups

  • Minor, Moderate, Severe, Dead

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Treatment l.jpg

TREATMENT

  • Airway, Breathing, Circulation

  • Advanced Skills if available

  • Some may be at treatment for hours depending on hospital circumstances

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Transport l.jpg

TRANSPORT

  • Ambulance, Helicopter, Bus

  • Provide Medical Staff for buses too.

  • Remember Accountability

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Evidence l.jpg

EVIDENCE

  • Preserve Evidence as if Crime Scene

  • Mark and Identify patient locations

  • Photo-document early-on if capable

  • Write narratives and critique ASAP

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Medical emergencies in flight l.jpg

Medical Emergencies “In Flight”

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Medical in flight emergencies l.jpg

Medical “In Flight” Emergencies

  • Standby at far end of runway or at designated site. Never chase a plane.

  • Have EMS Transport Unit and Air Stairs on site.

  • Be prepared to respond to Aircraft on the field, if requested.

  • If not serious, escort plane to gate.

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Medical emergencies info potentially received from def l.jpg

Medical Emergencies, Info Potentially Received from DEF

  • What medications are they taking? Alcohol ingested?

  • Skin appearance? Blue, Pale, Sweating, Dry, Hot

  • Breathing,Not breathing,

  • Is CPR in progress????

  • Is an AED on board?

  • Your updated ETA?

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Water rescue operations l.jpg

Water Rescue Operations

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Water rescue operations45 l.jpg

Water Rescue Operations

  • In water landings complicate rescue operations.

  • They add a degree of urgency.

  • Don’t get caught up in the frenzy.

  • Fuel on the water may be a hazard

  • Your Airport Emergency Plan should provide for such events, by establishing response coordination, and communication with water rescue teams.

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Water rescue operations46 l.jpg

Water Rescue Operations

  • It is highly RECCOMMENDED that you practice your plan for an in water landing routinely…………….in FLORIDA Water is everywhere…. Even small planes can crash into backyard pools.

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Water rescue operations47 l.jpg

Water Rescue Operations

  • Most victims will self rescue if capable.

  • Aquatic rescue is a specialized field.

  • Adequate training should be completed before embarking on these missions.

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Questions l.jpg

Questions???

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Aircraft rescue and firefighting49 l.jpg

Aircraft Rescue and Firefighting

Communications

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Arff communications50 l.jpg

ARFF Communications

  • Clear, concise communications are essential.

  • Multiple radios complicate command.

  • Routine communications still on TOWER Frequency.

  • Nationwide system (DEF)developed in 1999 to reduce ARFF communication complexities

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


What is the def l.jpg

What is the DEF?

  • Discrete Emergency Frequency

  • Alternate frequency for emergencies

  • ATCT, Flight crew, and ARFF command can initiate.

  • Designed to assist ARFF in mitigating aircraft emergencies & incidents.

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Use of the d e f l.jpg

Use of the D.E.F.

  • Authorized ONLY by ATCT

  • Pilot or airport command must request DEF, (AC 150/5210-7c).

  • ONLY THREE ON FREQUENCY

  • The Flight Crew

  • Air Traffic Control Tower

  • Airport ARFF Command

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Why do we need a d e f l.jpg

Why do we need a D.E.F.?

  • Aircraft emergencies are complex in nature. i.e., cargo fire, passenger heart attack.

  • Main players can concentrate on mission.

  • Pass on Vital information otherwise limited on busy tower/ground frequencies.

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


What the arff commander needs from pilots l.jpg

What the ARFF Commander Needs From Pilots

  • Nature of the emergency.

  • Aircraft type.

  • Souls on board (S.O.B).

  • E.T.A.

  • Landing runway.

  • Fuel remaining.

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Discrete emergency frequency l.jpg

Discrete Emergency Frequency

  • The pilot determines if an evacuation is necessary.

  • The ARFF commander needs to know pilot intentions to properly position emergency equipment and personnel for rescue & firefighting operations.

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


The pilot is in command l.jpg

The Pilot Is in Command

  • The pilot is responsible for the safety of the passengers and crew.

  • We can see where they can’t.

  • Our information assists them in decision making.

  • Continuously advise pilot of actions you are taking until emergency is terminated.

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Discreet emergency frequency l.jpg

DISCREET EMERGENCY FREQUENCY

VIDEO

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Slide58 l.jpg

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


Questions59 l.jpg

Questions ??

Orlando Sanford Airport ARFF-2002


  • Login