Understanding Jihad: A Muslim's Perspective . Notre Dame University, Perth – Western Australia October 20, 2003 Presented to: Colleges of Law, Philosophy & Theology, Arts & Letters Presented by: Yahya A. Ibrahim ( [email protected] ).
He was born on Safar 7, 691 AH (1292 CE), in the village of Zar`, to the south-east of Damascus
His most notable teacher was Ibn Taymiyyah along with 100’s of others
Ibn ul Qayyim wrote more than one hundred and sixty books in various areas of Islam.
Ibn ul Qayyim had numerous students. Some of the more reputable among them are the following:
Al Hafidh Abul Faraj ibn Rajab
Al Hafidh Ismail ibn KathirWho is Shaykhul Islam Ibnul Qayyim
1.. Jihad an-Nafs (one's own self)
2.. Jihad ash-Shaytaan (Satan)
3.. Jihad al-Kuffar (the Rejecters of Faith) and al-Munafiqeen (the hypocrites)
4.. Jihad ahlu (the people of) ath-Dhulm (injustice), al-Bid'ah (innovation) and al-Munkaraat (sin and evil)"
1. Firstly: Striving hard to learn the true guidance and the religion of truth, meaning Islamic Monotheism (Tawheed), without which the soul will have no success or happiness in this life or the Last Life. When the Nafs (soul) does not acquire knowledge of the religion, it will be miserable in both places of dwelling (this life and the next).
2. Secondly: One's striving hard to implement what he has learnt. Knowledge without implementation will not be beneficial and may even bring about harm.
3. Thirdly: Striving to deliver the Message and teach it to those who do not have knowledge of it. Otherwise one will be among those who hide the Guidance and the Clear Proofs that Allah has sent down. Such are those whose knowledge will neither bring about benefit to them nor safety from Allah's punishment.
4. Fourthly: Striving to be patient in the face of hardships of conducting Da'wah (inviting mankind) unto Allah, while disregarding the threat of being harmed by other people and the enemies of Islam, all the while striving to endure all these difficulties."1. Jihad an-Nafs
Imaam ibn al-Qayyim said: "There are those who do not have knowledge of it. Otherwise one will be among those who hide the Guidance and the Clear Proofs that Allah has sent down. Such are those whose knowledge will neither bring about benefit to them nor safety from Allah's punishment. two types of Jihad ash-Shaytaan (Satan):
1.First: Jihad against him to disregard the misgivings and doubts he raises to invalidate Imaan (faith).
2.Second: Jihad against him by ignoring what he tempts one with erroneous intentions and desires. Achieving certainty (concerning Faith) comes after practicing the first type of this Jihad, while successfully observing patience is the result of practicing the second type. Allah says what means:
"And We made from among them (children of Israel) leaders, giving guidance under Our Command, when they were patient and used to believe with certainty in Our Ayaat (Signs, Verses etc.)" [32:24]2. Jihad ash-Shaytaan
Verse regarding Jihad ash-Shaytaan: those who do not have knowledge of it. Otherwise one will be among those who hide the Guidance and the Clear Proofs that Allah has sent down. Such are those whose knowledge will neither bring about benefit to them nor safety from Allah's punishment.
إِنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ فَاتَّخِذُوهُ عَدُوًّا إِنَّمَا يَدْعُو حِزْبَهُ لِيَكُونُوا مِنْ أَصْحَابِ السَّعِيرِ
“Surely, Shaytaan is an enemy to you, so treat his as an enemy" [35:6]
The Messenger of Allah said: "The example of the Mujahid (who performs Jihad) in the Cause of Allah, and only Allah knows who is truly performing Jihad in His Cause, is the example of he who is both a Saa'im (fasting) and a Qaa'im (standing up in voluntary prayers)." [Al-Bukhari]2. Jihad ash-Shaytaan
Imaam ibn al-Qayyim said: "As for Jihad al-Kuffar wal-Munafiqeen, they are also four types:
1.with the heart,
4.one's self (body).
Jihad al-Kuffar is usually practiced with the hand, while Jihad al-Munafiqeen is usually practiced by the tongue (by refuting them and exposing their misguided ways, etc.)"3. Jihad al-Kuffar wal-Munafiqeen
Chapter 60 Verses 7-9
1. "…We decreed upon the Children of Israel that whoever kills a soul - unless for a soul or for corruption [done] in the land - it is as if he had slain mankind entirely. And, whoever saves one, it is as if he had saved mankind entirely." [Qur'an, 5:32]
2. "And fight, in the path of Allah, those who fight you…" [Qur'an, 2:190]
3. "Among mankind is he whose speech impresses you in worldly life, and he calls Allah to witness as to what is in his heart, yet he is the fiercest of opponents. And, when he goes away, he strives throughout the land to cause corruption therein, and to destroy crops and lives. And Allah does not love corruption." [Qur'an, 2:204-5]
4. "A woman entered the Fire on account of a cat, which she tied up, neither feeding it, nor letting it eat [for itself] from the vermin of the earth, until it died, and as a result she entered the Fire [of Hell].“ (Bukhari and Muslim)
5. "Do not take something with a soul as a target.” Muslim