Reflexive pronouns
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Reflexive Pronouns. By: Rachel Hoffman. Subject Pronouns. I You (familiar) You (formal) He She We All of you (familiar) All of you (formal) They (m) They (f). Yo Tù Usted èl Ella Nosotros (as) Vosotros (as) Ustedes Ellos Ellas. Reflexive Pronouns. Me Nos TeOs

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Reflexive Pronouns

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Reflexive Pronouns

By: Rachel Hoffman


Subject Pronouns

I

You (familiar)

You (formal)

He

She

We

All of you (familiar)

All of you (formal)

They (m)

They (f)

Yo

Usted

èl

Ella

Nosotros (as)

Vosotros (as)

Ustedes

Ellos

Ellas


Reflexive Pronouns

Me Nos

TeOs

SeSe

SeSe

SeSe


2 Different Meanings

  • An action that reflects back on the subject.

    -Yo me lavo

    I wash (myself)

    -Ella se levanta

    She gets up.

    2. An action in which 2 or more subjects interact.

    -Nosotrasnosreunimospor la tarde.

    We get together in the afternoon.

    -Ellas se miran.

    They look at each other.


Examples

  • I wake at 9:00.

    Yo me despierto a lasnueve.

  • He showers at 3:00.

    Élse ducha a lastres.

  • We dress at 4:00.

    Nosotrosnosvestimos a lasseis y diez.


What to do…

If the verb that is reflexive is part of a verb phrase and isn’t conjugated, add the reflexive pronoun (me, te, se, etc.) to the end of it (the verb).


Examples

  • I want to eat breakfast.

    Yoquierodesayunarme.

  • He is going to dress himself.

    Élva a vestirse.

  • We are going to stay.

    Nosotrosvamos a querdarnos.


Reflexive vs. Non-reflexive

Dormirse= to fall asleep

  • I always sleep 8 hours.

    Siempreduermo 8 horas.

Dormir = to sleep

  • I almost always fall asleep when I study.

    Casisiempre me duermocuandoestudio.


Reflexive vs. Non-reflexive

Ponerse = to put on

  • I put on my shoes.

    Me pongo los zapatos.

Poner = to put or to place

  • I put the shoes in the locker.

    Pongo los zapatos en el armario.


Reflexive vs. Non-reflexive

The meaning of the sentence can change if you use the reflexive pronoun.

  • Using the reflexive pronoun expresses a reciprocal action

    -the idea of each other.


Examples

  • Llamo a mi amigo.

    I call my friend.

  • Mi amigo y yonosllamamos.

    My friend and I call each other.


Reflexive vs. Non-reflexive

  • With non-reflexive the subject does the action to someone or something else.

  • With reflexive the subject does the action to itself.


Where do they go?

  • Put reflexive pronouns before conjugated verbs.

  • Attach reflexive pronouns to affirmative commands.

  • Put reflexive pronouns before negative commands.


Practice

Model: Me voy a bañar. -Sí, bañate.

  • No me puedocalmar. -Sí, ______.

  • Nosqueremosacostar.-No, __ ________

  • Yo _____

  • Mi hermano ______

  • Mis padres ______

  • Tù _____


Answers

  • Sí, calmate.

  • No, se acuesten.

  • Yo --> me

  • Mi hermano--> se

  • Mis padres --> se

  • Tù --> te


Reflexive Pronouns Before Conjugated Verb or Add to Infinitive

  • Ella (quedarse) va a quedarseor se va a quedar

  • Tù (reunirse) te vas a reuniror vas a reunirte

  • Ellos (ocuparse) se van a ocuparor van a ocuparse


Practice

Reflexive pronoun before conjugated verb or use ir + a + infinitive

  • Nosotros (divertirse) __________ or vamos a divertirnos.

  • Yo (acostarse) ________ or me voy a acostar.

  • Él (levantarse) _________ or va a levantarse.


Answers

1. nosvamos a divertir

2. voy a acostame

3. se va a levantar


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