Philopappus monument
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Philopappus Monument. Kellsey Kern. The Basics. Grave of Philopappos Mouseion Hill Trajanic times 114-116 Monument Burial Chamber. Caius Julius Antiochos Philopappos. Descendent of the kings of Commagene Consul at Rome during Trajan’s reign Archon of Athens Athenian citizen

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Philopappus Monument

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Philopappus monument

Philopappus Monument

Kellsey Kern


The basics

The Basics

  • Grave of Philopappos

  • Mouseion Hill

  • Trajanic times

  • 114-116

  • Monument

  • Burial Chamber


Caius julius antiochos philopappos

Caius Julius Antiochos Philopappos

  • Descendent of the kings of Commagene

  • Consul at Rome during Trajan’s reign

  • Archon of Athens

  • Athenian citizen

  • Benefactor of Athens?


Monument

Monument

  • White Pentelic marble

  • Veneered with slabs of Hymettian marble

  • Corinthian pilasters between the niches

  • Frieze, statues

  • Statue inside, guarding tomb chamber


Positioning

Positioning

  • Themistoklean walls serve as a scenic backdrop

  • Faces midway between the Propylaia and the Parthenon

  • Easily visible for several miles outside Athens

  • Highest point within Athens besides the Acropolis; uppermost part of tomb is higher than the summit of the Acropolis

  • Façade is turned to the northeast – easily legible from a distance


Depictions

Depictions

  • Inauguration as consul in Rome in A.D. 109

  • Philopappos, Antiochos IV, Seleukos Nikator

  • Hercules


Inscriptions

Inscriptions

  • Lists Philopappos’s various titles

  • Both Greek and Latin

  • Commegenian lineage on right pilaster

  • Membership in deme Besa

  • Archon and agonothete in Dionysia

  • Archon with Lailanos

  • Dedicated his costume consisting in honor of Asklepios


Philopappus monument

  • “Caius Julius Antiochus Philopappos, son of Caius, of the Fabian tribe, consul, and Arval brother, admitted to the praetorian rank by the Emperor Caesar Nerva Trajan Optimus Augustus Germanicus Dacicus”

  • “King Antiochos Philopappos, son of King Epiphanes, son of Antiochos”

  • “Philopappos, son of Epiphanes, of the deme Besa”

  • “King Antiochos [IV], son of King Antiochos”

  • “King Seleukos Nikator, son of Antiochos”


Importance

Importance

  • Buried within the city walls.

  • Held chief magistracies in two foreign and prominent cities.

  • Monument was preserved almost intact until the 15th century A.D. -- Cyriacus of Ancona sketched the monument and copied down the five inscriptions on the façade

  • Architectural parts of the superstructure were used for the construction of the Minaret in the Parthenon.


Bibliography

Bibliography

  • Camp, John M. “Roman Athens.” The Archaeology of Athens.

  • Hartzler, Bruce. Athens (Pnyx and Philopappus Hill). Metis, 1998. <http://www.stoa.org/metis/cgi-bin/qtvr?site=west;node=5>

  • Hutton, William. Describing Greece. Cambridge: University Press, 2005. Accessed online, 9 Apr 08. <http://www.cambridge.org/us/catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=9780521847209&ss=exc>

  • Kleiner, Diana E. E. The Monument of Philopappos in Athens.

  • “Philopappos.” Image 4/22. The Stoa Consortium. 9 Apr 08. <http://www.stoa.org/athens/sites/philopappos/source/d0206120013.html>

  • “Philopappos Hill.” akropol.net, 2004-2006. 9 Apr 08. <http://www.akropol.net/philopappos_hill/photos/philopappos-14.jpg>

  • “Philopappos Monument.” Hellenic Ministry of Culture, 2007. Hellenic Culture Organization. 9 Apr 08. http://odysseus.culture.gr/h/2/eh251.jsp?obj_id=892

  • Santangelo, M. “Il monumento di C. Julius Antiochos Philopappos in Atene.” Annuario della Scuola Archeologica di Atene, 1947. N.S. 3-5.


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