“ Think Twice ”: The Origin & Implications of Vermont’s Act 82. Prepared for the September 2007 Regional Meetings. Education Legislation Passed Since 1997. 1997: Equal Education Opportunity Act (Act 60); School Bus Standards; Family Leave Act
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The Origin & Implications of Vermont’s Act 82
Prepared for the September 2007 Regional Meetings
COE: Grade Level Weights
COE: Excess Spending Threshold
JFO: Cost Drivers
COE: DOE Operations & Effectiveness*
JFO: Provision of Special Ed—Cost Shifts*
JFO: Ed Services Funded by Medicaid
JFO:Mandates & Cost Shifts*
COE: Financial Mgt. of Districts & S.U.’s
COE: Education Governance*
Prop. Valuation & Review: Rolling Reappraisals
COE: Statewide Calendar
COE: ADM by Sampling*
COE: Distance Learning
COE: Teen Parent Education
JFO: School Construction Finance
COE & Finance: School Construction
AHS & COE: Success Beyond Six
COE: Racially & Ethnically Diverse Teachers
AHS & COE: Autism Spectrum Disorders
On The Other Hand..
This chart shows that the rate of growth in education spending has been slowing significantly in recent years, as school boards and administrators strive to contain costs. Vermont’s annual education spending percent increase for FY08 is estimated to be 4.37%. Meanwhile, the most recent data available (2005-06) shows that personal income per capita grew 4.7% in Vermont.
This chart, prepared by the Joint Fiscal Office, shows the average annual percentage change in per pupil spending from 1998-2006, grouped by high and low spending districts in 1998. Since 1998, equity as measured by spending per equalized pupil has improved in Vermont’s public school system. Vermont’s lowest spending districts have increased their investments in education the most, while the State’s highest spending districts are actually spending fewer inflation-adjusted dollars per pupil than in 1998.
Major Elements of Act 82
Two components to determine how much above-
average spenders may increase education spending
without a separate vote:
The school budget ballot must warn the two
questions, if necessary, as follows:
Districts May Bargain Separately When:
See Handout for More Information
Beginning in FY09, districts will be eligible for 100% reimbursement of costs for state placed students, including mainstream costs, if the district can document all costs.