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Objectives. Students will use prior knowledge to define and identify the elements of plot in Romeo and Juliet as outlined in the prologue. (knowledge, comprehension, application)

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Objectives
Objectives

  • Students will use prior knowledge to define and identify the elements of plot in Romeo and Juliet as outlined in the prologue. (knowledge, comprehension, application)

  • Students will apply reading strategies by connecting the play to their prior knowledge and to author and historical background and paraphrasing the prologue (knowledge, application)

  • Students will analyze the purpose and effectiveness of the play’s prologue by discussing foreshadowing, suspense, and dramatic irony. (analysis, synthesis)

  • Students will participate effectively in small and large group discussion.

  • Students will compare and contrast across media and genres to draw conclusions about the purpose and effect of the prologue. (analysis, synthesis)


Warm up
Warm-Up

In your Introducing Romeo and Juliet packets, brainstorm what you already know about the play. Create a web with topics, feelings, emotions, themes, people, pop-culture, music, movies, etc. that you associate with this Shakespearean Tragedy

Romeo and Juliet


Romeo and juliet

Romeo and Juliet

The Prologue:

Literally “before speaking”

Introduces the play to the audience before they see the action unfold.


Tackling shakespeare
Tackling Shakespeare

  • Relate to the play by finding similarities between modern events and the events of the play.

  • Use what you knowincluding author and historical background info.

  • Paraphrase, or put the language of Shakespeare into your words, to help translate the plays into contemporary language.

  • Practice using all of these strategies with Prologue.



Two households, both alike in dignity,       In fair Verona, where we lay our scene,     From ancient grudge break to new mutiny,    Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean.

From forth the fatal loins of these two foes

A pair of star-cross'd lovers take their life;     Whose misadventured piteous overthrows   Do with their death bury their parents' strife. The fearful passage of their death-mark'd love,     And the continuance of their parents' rage, Which, but their children's end, nought could remove,    Is now the two hours' traffic of our stage;     The which if you with patient ears attend,   What here shall miss, our toil shall strive to mend.

         [Exit.]


Exposition
Exposition

Original Text:

Paraphrase:

The scene opens in Verona, Italy with two noble families

Two households, both alike in dignity,

In fair Verona, where we lay our scene,


Characters two households
Characters: TWO HOUSEHOLDS

Capulets (Juliet’s Family)

  • Represented by a red lion

  • Based on political family from the 13th century “Capuleti”

  • Characteristics:

    • impressed by status

    • relies on tradition

    • and is very loyal to its name.

    • They attempt to support all of their decisions with reason.

Montagues (Romeo’s Family)

  • Represented by a blue bee

  • Based on political family from the 13th century “Montecchi”

  • Characteristics:

    • impressed by charisma

    • relies on instinct

    • Members have emotional connection to their name.

    • They attempt to support all of their decisions by emotions


Setting
Setting

Verona, Italy


Rising action
Rising Action

Original Text:

From ancient grudge break to new mutiny,

Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean.

Paraphrase:

These families, who have been feuding for generations, will experience new rebellion and new uprising. This civil war will end in more guilt and bloodshed.


Conflict
Conflict

Montague vs. Capulet

EMOTION VS. REASON

Think about how this relates to our overall question of what motivates the play’s characters to act they way they do


Climax
Climax

Paraphrase:

Romeo and Juliet are destined to fall in love with each other. “Star-cross’d” suggests that their love is fate, but also ill-fated. They take their lives in that they take control by rebelling against their family through their marriage, but they literally commit suicide in the end.

Original Text:

From forth the fatal loins of these two foes

A pair of star-cross'd lovers take their life;


Falling action
Falling Action

Original Text:

Whose misadventured piteous overthrows

Do with their death bury their parents' strife.

Paraphrase:

Their suicides result from unfortunate mishaps, but their death puts an end to the feuding as well.


Resolution
Resolution

Original Text:

The fearful passage of their death-mark'd love,

And the continuance of their parents' rage,

Which, but their children's end, nought could remove,

Is now the two hours' traffic of our stage;

Paraphrase:

Chorus wraps everything up by saying that Romeo and Juliet’s tragic story of fateful love and feuding families, which is only brought to an end by their death, is about to unfold on the stage.


Couplet
Couplet

Original Text:

The which if you with patient ears attend,

What here shall miss, our toil shall strive to mend.

Paraphrase:

If you listen and watch carefully, you will be able to fill in what you missed during the prologue as you watch the play


Why a prologue
Why a Prologue?

  • What is the purpose of the Prologue?

    How does it achieve this effect?

    • Foreshadowing – clues given to the reader about what’s to come in the story

    • Dramatic Irony – When we know something that the characters don’t know

    • Suspense – a feeling of anticipation or dread

      How does the prologue relate to Shakespeare’s 2 questions?


Exit slip
Exit Slip

As we mentioned, the couplet encourages the audience to think of questions they have and watch (or read) carefully in order to catch what they’ve missed.

List two questions you have about the play. One question should be a “why” question. The other should be a “how” (HINT: Use Shakespeare’s 2 questions that we discussed at the start of the unit)

  • _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  • __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


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